Published on January 14, 2009
Positive Coaching Alliance and Little League : Positive Coaching Alliance and Little League “Transforming youth sports so sports can transform youth” Agenda : Agenda About Positive Coaching Alliance Little League Double-Goal Coach How to Develop a Positive Coaching Culture Next Steps Questions “There isn’t any other youth institution that equals sports as a setting in which to develop character. There just isn’t. Sports are the perfect setting because character is tested all the time. It means a great deal if that time in sports is well used.” : “There isn’t any other youth institution that equals sports as a setting in which to develop character. There just isn’t. Sports are the perfect setting because character is tested all the time. It means a great deal if that time in sports is well used.” John W. GardnerFounder, Common CausePCA National Advisory Board Founding member Slide 4: "This special partnership gives our program’s volunteers the tools to teach Little Leaguers much more than just the skills of hitting, throwing, and catching a ball. Positive Coaching Alliance’s Double-Goal Coach method affords Little League International the opportunity to enhance its educational material for our adult volunteers, so they can present the most well-rounded, healthy and positive experience regardless of skill level.” Stephen D. Keener President and CEO of Little League Baseball and Softball About Positive Coaching Alliance : About Positive Coaching Alliance Non-profit created in 1998 at Stanford University Partner with youth sports organizations on a Systems Approach (Leaders, Coaches, and Parents) PCA tools promote winning and character education Incorporate latest educational and sports psychology research Unique sets of tools to help all constituents build a positive coaching culture: leaders, coaches, sport parents and student-athletes Little League Double-Goal Coach : Little League Double-Goal Coach What is a Little League Double-Goal Coach? - Goal #1: Strives to Win - Goal #2: Uses sports to teach life lessons Three Principles of being a Little League Double-Goal Coach Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) Fill “Emotional Tanks” (5:1 Ratio) Honor the Game (ROOTS) Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) : Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) Redefines winner through mastery rather than the scoreboard. Victory is a by-product of pursuit of excellence Effort – focus on effort Learning – focus on learning rather than comparison to others Mistakes – Mistakes are ok. ( 300 - Hitter) Coach teaches players that a winner is someone who makes maximum effort, continues to learn and improve, and doesn’t let mistakes or (fear of mistakes) stop them. Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) : Children with ego-involved goals use comparison with others to measure their success (Nicholls, 1984b). When students perceive themselves as having low ability compared to others, they may lower their effort and further reduce their chances of learning (Nicholls, 1984c). Ego involvement can reduce a child's intrinsic interest in an activity (Nicholls, 1984a). Individuals feel more competent when they feel they have learned (Nicholls, 1984a). Children with task-involved goals are likely to feel competent and successful when their performance of specific tasks improves (Nicholls, 1984b). • Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) : Task-involvement produces the most desirable educational outcomes (Nicholls, 1984b). In task-involved individuals with high perceived capacity, goals will look realistic and therefore performance will not be impaired by anxiety, self-protective effort-reduction, or a sense of hopelessness (Nicholls, 1984b). A mastery orientation will more often lead to the exhibition of maximum effort, contribute to the development of perceived ability, and encourage positive achievement behaviors (Duda 1987) Redefine Winner (ELM Tree) Fill “Emotional Tanks” (5:1 Ratio) : Fill “Emotional Tanks” (5:1 Ratio) Refuse to motivate through fear, intimidation and shame. Every player has an emotional tank – like a car has a gas tank. Compliments, praise and positive recognition fills emotional tanks. When correction is necessary, criticize in a way that doesn’t undermine the player’s sense of worth. Use 5:1 ration – praise to correction Kid Friendly Criticism : Kid Friendly Criticism Avoid giving criticism in “nonteachable” moments. The immediate aftermath of an error is not the time to criticize, even in the form of technical advice on footwork or throwing motion Criticize in private. Players who do not have to deal with public embarrassment are much more likely to be receptive and thus heed your advice. Ask permission. Simply ask the player whether he or she is ready to receive advice. If the answer is “no,” respect that. Appreciate the honesty of the answer and realize your criticism – then and there – would cause greater harm than good. You might reply, “Okay. Let me know if you change your mind.” Kid Friendly Criticism : Kid Friendly Criticism Make a “criticism sand-wish.” Start with a positive, then suggest a way to improve performance in the form of a “wish”, and end with another positive. Provide information, not controlling statements. Rather than, “do it this way,” say, “If you step correctly, you will trigger a stronger swing.” The latter lets the player feel in control. Allow time for acceptance. Insisting that a players change their swings or throwing motions -- “now” -- incites resistance. It’s fine to say, “Why don’t you think about this and see whether what I’m saying makes sense to you?” Honor the Game (ROOTS) : Honor the Game (ROOTS) Rules – respect for the rules – Don’t cheat Opponents – respect for worthy opponent Officials – respect for officials- they will miss a call Teammates- respect for each other- encourage each other Self – respect for self – have high standards Benefits of being a Little League Double-Goal Coach : Benefits of being a Little League Double-Goal Coach Pursue winning while developing positive character traits in your athletes You and your players will have more FUN! Tools to help create a positive parent-coach relationship Supplement your knowledge of the game with lessons from the Sports Psychology field Give yourself a Coaching Edge! Testimonials : Testimonials "The PCA Program has been extremely effective in reminding us all at Danville Little League of what is truly important in youth sports - our children. As a result of the instruction and thoughtful messages provided in the workshops and program materials, we have seen an improved level of cooperation and support from our Board members, coaches and parents. Also, through the efforts of our overall DLL Training Program, we have seen greater skills development and competitive success on the field with our children, including with our All-Star tournament teams. Thanks to everyone at PCA!" -Vice President, Danville Little League “We recently conducted the 2 hour Leadership session with our Board of Directors and received overwhelmingly positive feedback. The PCA philosophy adds a structured format to the best coaching techniques that you have seen on the field which allows a league to improve the consistency of quality coaching throughout the league by applying common terms, philosophy framework, and tools.” -President, Saratoga (CA) Little League "My son's baseball experience has been transformed by PCA. His league and coaches are enthusiastic practitioners of positive coaching, with the result that the parents are happier, the coaches are happier, and the players are not only happier, but they're performing better. It's been great for him and everyone involved." -Tim Shriver, CEO of Special Olympics Effects of Culture Building : Effects of Culture Building Builds an outstanding educational-athletic program Creates an environment where Leaders, Coaches, Parents and Athletes are on the same page Players have more fun and play baseball longer Reduces sideline confrontations Improves ability to recruit and retain coaches, officials, and volunteers Next Steps : Next Steps Learn more by visiting: www.positivecoach.org/LittleLeague Get in touch with PCA to have a representative attend your next meeting. Phone #: 866-725-0024 Encourage your coaches to become Little League Double-Goal Coaches!