Published on March 6, 2014
LITERATURE STUDY LIBRARY Group members Abdul noor Abdur rasheed Anusha Roy Joman Sardar Matala M. Tresor Kanonga M. Arthur Hamzah
CONTENTS Types of libraries Workspaces Standards General Layout
Types of LIBRARIES a. b. c. d. e. ACADEMIC LIBRARIESPUBLIC LIBRARIES NATIONAL LIBRARY DIGITAL LIBRARY UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AND SCIENCE LIBRARY
Library? A building or room containing collections of books, periodicals, and sometimes films and recorded music for people to read, borrow
ACADEMIC LIBRARY • • • • • Collection and storage of literature for education and research purpose Spaces: reference rooms , Counters for issuing special books , reading rooms Services : inter library loans , photocopying , reading and printing from microforms , online literature search and data stored in CD ROM Information is arranged in systematic ways Books are placed to be accessed by all.
PUBLIC LIBRARIES Provides wide choice of general literature and other information media Displays books on open shelves No academic collections May include music library , art lending library , mobile lending services Services: browsing area , cafeteria , music listening facilities , recreational and meeting rooms Used by children adolescents and adults
NATIONAL LIBRARY Collection of literature and historical documentation produced in one country or region Open for general public
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AND SCIENCE LIBRARY Arranged in one layer system or two layer system The proportion of open and closed spaces depends on the aim/purpose of the library
DIGITAL LIBRARY A digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible via computers. The digital content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks. A digital library is a type of information retrieval system.
STANDARDS & WORKSPACES READING TABLE SHELVES CIRCULATION LOADING CLIMATE WASHROOM MEETING ROOM COMPUTER ROOM REFERENCE DESK CAFETRIA
SHELVES • Shelf aisles should not be more than 3 m long • Books should be carried in trolleys (.92mx.99mx.5m) • Clear space between shelves at least 1.3m1.4m
CIRCULATION Circulation routes > 1.2 m wide Avoid crossing and overlapping of routes AREA FOR READING PER PERSON ATLEAST 2.5M2 AREA FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK PLACE>4M2
Functional Diagram of library
CLIMATE Climate in user’s area: Temperature: 22 degree Celsius in summers 20degree Celsius in winters Humidity: 50-60% air change:20m3/h/p Climate in archive stores: Temperature: 16-20 degree Celsius Relative humiditiy:45%-55% Air change:3m3/h/p
Avoid direct sunlight near shelves as u.v and heat rays destroy paper and binding Room height should be greater than 3 m Lighting should be appropriate to the use to which the area is put Building design should be based on climate and internal environmental control should be based on buildings
COMPUTER ROOM e-library To know the where about of the specific book, in the library Journals Online books and magazines
REFRENCE DESK The reference desk or information desk of a library is a public service counter where professional librarians provide library users with direction to library materials, advice on library collections and services, and expertise on multiple kinds of information from multiple sources. Typically, a reference desk can be consulted either in person, by telephone, through email or online chat. Location: It is mainly at the entrance of the library. Dimensions (Desk): Height 900mm, width 600mm
MEETING ROOM The best way to layout a meeting room is dependant on a number of factors including: The space available The size of the audience The level of activity and interaction required There are 6 main styles which are described below.
Theatre Style Theatre style seating allows the most people for a given size of room. This is fine for an audience who will be listening to presentations and do not need to make many notes or interact with each other. For any group larger than 100, you need an aisle, plus side access.
Classroom style Classroom style requires about three times as much space per person as theatre style but provides everyone with somewhere to rest their papers and equipment. It also allows refreshments to be provided on the tables. This style is good for audiences who may need to take notes or work individually during the presentation(s) but who do not need to interact with each other.
Conference/Boardroom Style Good for participatory meetings of 22 people maximum. A rectangular or oval table set up with chairs around all sides and ends. Boardroom style works well if the group is reasonably small and will spend most of the time talking to each other or listening to one or two speakers who are not using a screen. Used for This table layout is often used for Board of Directors meetings, committee meetings, or discussion groups.
U-Shape/horseshoe style The Horseshoe is similar to the Boardroom Style except that it allows more people to participate. It is slightly better than an ordinary boardroom layout for giving presentations, which rely on being able to see the projector screen. Used for The horse-shoe layout is often preferred by trainers . This layout style is often used for Board of Directors meetings, committee meetings, or discussion groups where there is a speaker, audio-visual presentation etc.
Hollow Design Square conference tables arranged in a square or rectangle or even octagon, leaving the center open. Chairs are placed around the outside of the tables. Best usage: Larger meetings of 12 to 30 people, at which group interaction among attendees is important and meetings when the event does not have a designated leader or presenter. Useful layout design that provides workspace for each person and good communication and visual lines for each person.
Hexagon Shape Hexagon shape is a desirable variation of the hollow square configuration because it dramatically improves eye-to-eye contact for small groups where interaction is a factor.
Banquet Rounds A group of round tables, each seating 6-10 people usually, set to facilitate serving food, usually in a hexagonal or square design. Best usage: Banquet-style is the setup plan of choice for most meal functions. In addition, it is also useful for small business meetings and breakouts or groups involving group interaction and/or note taking.
WASHROOM General Layout Toilet for Disabled Person
Toilet for medium sized Public Toilet
Toilet for small sized Public Toilet
TOILET FACILITY FOR DISABLED PERSON 1 toilet compartment for the disabled shall be provided with min. internal dimension of 1.7x1.8 m for every 20 toilet compartments. Disabled toilets are the only toilet facilities that operate as dual sex.
WORK SPACES Microform (contain micro reproductions of documents for transmission or storage, microforms images are commonly reduced to about one twenty-fifth of the original document size) Enlarging equipment Inter library loans Photocopying Reading and printing from microforms literature search and data stored in CD ROM Reference rooms Counters Reading rooms Meeting Room Washroom
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