Published on February 26, 2014
Presenter: Irina Cuzminih, SPU “Ion Creanga”, Moldova,Chisinau – 2008
Title of a story The title may focus the readers attention on the central character, or may give a clue to the authors purpose or basic idea. Direct Metaphorical Combined
Theme Main idea or message an author wishes to share The “moral” of the story Novels often have more than one theme Rarely stated directly. The reader has to interpret.
Setting the time, place and period in which the action takes place. The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future. The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. Setting: can establish the atmosphere of a work.
Plot Chain of related event that make up the story. Plot centers on at least one major problem or conflict.
Climax (conflict and tension reach a peak, and characters realize their mistake, etc.) Rising Action (conflict and suspense build through a series of events). Exposition = Introduction (characters and setting are introduced.) Falling Action (conflict gets worked out and tensions lessen.) Resolution (conflict is resolved and themes are established.)
Plot Exposition: Introductory material giving setting, tone, characters Rising Action: series of complications leading up to the climax Conflict: Person vs…Person, Nature, Society, Supernatural, Self Crisis/Climax: Turning point in the conflict—moment of highest interest and/or emotion Falling Action: Events after the climax which close the story. Resolution (Denouement): Concludes the action
Characters People who take part in the story!!
Main Characters Characters who the events of the story center around.
Minor Characters Less important characters. The story does not revolve around them.
Protagonist The “good guy.” The leading character in a particular story.
Antagonist The “bad guy.” The character who strives against the protagonist.
Conflict The major problem in a story. Internal person vs. self External person vs. person person vs. society person vs. nature person vs. machine person vs. religion
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