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lit_tech_trends_2

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Education

Published on February 27, 2009

Author: basiyr

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: Created by: Dr. Rodney Webster University 2008 Changing Definitions & Approaches to Computer Mediated Literacy Pedagogy 1950’s - 2000’s Part 2 of 3 The Launch of Sputnik 1 : The Launch of Sputnik 1 Demonstrate Soviet power in the realm of science and mathematics American school system is decried as needing reform Mathematics & Science emerge as major areas for reconstitution US Curriculum comes under fire for “rising tide of mediocrity that threatens our very future as a Nation” (Nation at Risk, 1983). Literacy & the Struggle for Civil Rights : Literacy & the Struggle for Civil Rights The importance of the individual learner emerges as central to literacy instruction Need for pedagogy to focus on Bilingualism, ELL & ESL become paramount Approaches to Literacy: Definitions : Approaches to Literacy: Definitions Limited to Language Learning Focus on Reading ability Focus on Language Proficiency Expanded to Subject Matter Learning Science Literacy Mathematics Literacy Programming Literacy Expanded to Multiliteracies Visual Literacy Media Literacy Digital Literacy Health Literacy Cope, B., &Kalantzis, M. (2000). Approaches to Literacy: Curriculum : Approaches to Literacy: Curriculum Defined by local, district, State and national approaches 1950’s into 1960’s driven by emergence of deeper national curriculum control (following Sputnik) Standards movement following the 1980’s leads to NCLB in 2001 NCLB stresses accountability Seeks to normalize national curriculum around standards Centralizes literacy & reading in the curriculum Normalizes diversity in the curriculum because of stress on children Approaches to Literacy: Pedagogy : Approaches to Literacy: Pedagogy Synthetic Approaches Focus on small components of language learning Vocabulary Method Phonics Method Linguistic Methods Analytic Approaches Focus on holistic aspects of language Learner knowledge & experience Learning Context (situated cognition) Encompasses Bilingualism Approaches to Literacy: Technology : Approaches to Literacy: Technology Traditional Programmed Instruction (Skinner) Learner as consumer of media (media determinism) Contemporary “The media is the message” (McLuhan) Focus on Multiliteracies & cognitive frameworks Learners as thinkers and designers Learning with media (as opposed to learning about or from media) The media affects the message so the learner has to learn to interrogate/evaluate the media (digital literacy) Technology, Multiliteracies & Accountability : Technology, Multiliteracies & Accountability The Role of the National Reading Panel in shaping No Child Left Behind. No Child Left Behind 2001 : No Child Left Behind 2001 Contains 4 main propositions: Our children are failing in Mathematics, Science and Literacy Scientifically proven methods of instruction out to be implemented to tackle this failing AYP should be assessed in schools through testing Parents should have the ability to “opt out” of failing schools and select higher performing schools (Cummins et al., 2007) Continue to Part 3 : Continue to Part 3 Credits in Part 3

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