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Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud

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Information about Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud

Published on February 3, 2008

Author: Mossler

Source: slideshare.net

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Welcome to Psychology 41 Lifespan Development A pattern of change involving growth and decline, from the womb to the tomb. 1-1

Lifespan Development Lifespan Development is Lifelong Multidimensional Multidirectional Plastic Contextual Multidisciplinary Biology, culture, and individual factors all work together. [next]

Bronfenbrenner and the ecological approach Four major levels: 1) Microsystem 2) Mesosystem 3) Exosystem 4) Macrosystem 5) Chronosystem

Developmentalists focus on different topics… 1. Physical Development Including the brain, nervous system, muscles, and senses, and the need for food, drink, and sleep Malnutrition, declining athletic performance “How does malnutrition affect the growth of children?” “How does an athlete’s physical performance decline during adulthood?”

Topical areas studied by developmentalists 2. Cognitive Development Growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a person’s behavior Learning, memory, problem solving skills, and intelligence across the lifespan How do you explain academic successes and failures? When are first memories solidified? How does mental capacity change as we age?

Topical areas studied by developmentalists 3a. Personality Development (part of psychosocial) Enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another; remain stable or change over the life span Does personality change? How do patterns of activities change as we age?

Topical areas studied by developmentalists 3b. Social Development (part of socioemotional/psychosocial) –Interactions and social relationships; how they grow, change, and remain stable How does poverty, racism, and divorce affect development? How are one’s peers predictive of future successes and failures? Who fares better when an older spouse dies?

People mature at different rates and reach developmental milestones at different points So how do you measure stages of development? A 13-year-old boy waits to leave on patrol in Nicaragua

Developmental Changes Are a Result of the Interaction of Physical, Cognitive, and Socioemotional Processes Biological processes Cognitive processes Socioemotional processes

Developmental Changes Are a Result of the Interaction of Physical, Cognitive, and Socioemotional Processes Biological processes Cognitive processes Socioemotional processes

The lifespan is usually divided into broad age ranges.

Emerging Adulthood 19 to middle 20s

Key Issues in Lifespan Development Continuous vs. Discontinuous Change

Key Issues in Lifespan Development Ethological Theory and Critical/Sensitive Periods Nature vs. Nurture Stability vs. Change

Theoretical Perspectives Psychodynamic Freud – Psychoanalytic Theory Erikson – Psychosocial Development

Behavioral Perspective (Skinner) We can only accurately study what can be observed.

Social-Cognitive Perspective (Bandura) Person Behavior Environment

Cognitive Perspectives Piaget Vygotsky • Socio-cultural (contextual) theory

Information-Processing Theory

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