Published on February 20, 2014
Chapter 12 Socioemotional Development in Early Adulthood 20s & 30s PowerPoint's developed by Jenni Fauchier, Butchered by Professor Carney
Integrating Emotional Experiences into Enjoyable Relationships • Fewer mood swings than adolescence • More responsible • Less risk-taking • Links between • childhood temperament • adult personality 20s & 30s
Childhood Temperament Linked to Adult Personality • Easy temperament age 3 - 5 • Likely well-adjusted young adults • Inhibited temperament in childhood • Less likely assertive 20s & 30s
Ability to Control Emotions • Age 3 • Control emotions & cope well stress • Continues into adulthood • Low emotional control & not resilient • Problems as young adults 20s & 30s
Attachment • Attachment important in socioemotional development • Securely attached infants • Used caregiver as secure base to explore • Securely attached as adults • See partners similarly • Secure base • Return to & obtain comfort & security when stressed 20s & 30s
Conceptualizing & Measuring Adult Attachment • Attachment-related anxiety • Extent to which individuals feel secure or insecure • Question: • Will partner • be available • responsive • attentive 20s & 30s
Conceptualizing & Measuring Adult Attachment • Attachment-related avoidance • Degree to which individuals feel • Secure/insecure relying on others • Opening up • Being intimate 20s & 30s
Attraction: Physical Attractiveness • Force of similarity also operates at a physical level • Matching hypothesis • Abstract • Prefer more attractive person • Real world • End up with someone close to our level of attractiveness • Men & women differ on importance of good looks 20s & 30s
Friendship • Friendship • Important role in development throughout life • Functions of friendship: • • • • • • Companionship Intimacy/affection Support Source of self-esteem Buffer from stress Better emotional support than family • Adult friends usually same age group 20s & 30s
Gender Differences in Friendships • Women have more: • Close friends • Self-disclosure • Exchange of mutual support • Men: • Want practical solutions to their problems • Rather than sympathy • Friendships more competitive 20s & 30s
Falling Out of Love • Collapse of a close relationship may feel tragic • • • • • • Depression Obsessive thoughts Sexual dysfunction Inability to work effectively Difficulty making new friends Self-condemnation 20s & 30s
Adult Lifestyles: Single or Cohabiting • More adults remaining single longer • Cohabitation • Living together in sexual relationship without being married • Many view their cohabitation as an ongoing lifestyle 20s & 30s
Cohabitation • Relationships tend to be more equal • Disadvantages • disapproval by parents • difficulty owning property jointly • legal rights on dissolution of relationship less certain 20s & 30s
Marriage • Changing norm of male-female equality means marriages: • More fragile • More intense • Marry • Over 90 % of U.S. women • Projections: rate will drop 80 - 90 % range • Average duration of marriage in U.S. • 9 years 20s & 30s
Happy versus Unhappy Marriages • Happily married people: • Live longer • Healthier • Happier • Men happier being married • People in unhappy marriages may have: • High blood pressure • Heart disease • Psychological problems • Anxiety • Depression • Substance abuse 20s & 30s
Divorce • Increases in divorce correlated with: • • • • • • Youthful marriage Low educational level Low income Not religious Divorced parents Baby before marriage 20s & 30s
Divorce • Both divorced women & men complain of: • • • • Loneliness Diminished self-esteem Anxiety about unknowns Difficulty forming new intimate relationships • Divorced adults remarry within 4 yrs • Men remarry sooner 20s & 30s
Gay Male & Lesbian Adults • Relationships similar to heterosexual relationships in • • • • Satisfactions Loves Joys Conflict 20s & 30s
Making Marriage Work: Gottman • 7 principles determining marriage will work: • Establishing love maps • Nurturing fondness & admiration • Turning toward each other instead of away • Letting your partner influence you • Solving solvable conflicts • Overcoming gridlock • Creating shared meaning 20s & 30s
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