Published on October 22, 2008
Life in Transition Office of the Chief Economist EBRD
Life in Transition Survey 29,000 households surveyed in 28 transition September 2006 countries, plus Turkey Public spending priorities Joint project with the World Questions Bank include: Corruption Life Trust in satisfaction public Political, institutions economic and social values
Transition – past, present and future 100% Looking back, only 90% 30% of people believe 80% that life is better now 70% than in 1989 60% Disagree 50% No view Today, more people 40% Agree are satisfied than 30% dissatisfied with their 20% lives 10% 0% Looking ahead, a My household All things Children who majority of people lives better considered, I are born now believe that the future nowadays than am satisfied will have a around 1989 with my life better life than will be better for their now my generation children
Younger people more upbeat than older generation Older generation has borne the brunt of painful economic and political reforms Younger generation poised to reap the benefits 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Dissatisfied 50% No view 40% Satisfied 30% 20% 10% 0% 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+
The page of history has turned Strong support for democracy and markets More people support democracy and market economy than 40% 36% alternatives 35% But one in ten still 30% 20% support a combination 25% of planned economy 20% 10% and authoritarian 15% 10% government Planned economy 5% Doesn't matter And one in five believe 0% Market economy that form of political t ov r cy tte ng cra and economic system ma ria mo n’ t does not matter for rit a De es t ho Do them Au
… but significant variation across the region Percent of respondents who support market economy 80% CEB countries 70% clustered around R2 = 0.6366 moderately high 60% support for both democracy and 50% markets 40% While support for democracy and 30% markets in SEE and 20% CIS+M varies more 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Percent of respondents who support democracy widely SEE CIS+M CEB
The better off tend to support democracy… Support for democracy, by income group 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Low income Medium High income income Democracy Doesn't matter Authoritarian gov't
… as well as market economies Support for market economy, by employment 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Unemployed Employed Market economy Doesn't matter Planned economy
Transition has eroded trust… 100% Across the region, 90% societal trust was 80% stronger prior to 70% 1989 60% Distrust 50% No view In general, trust is 40% Trust low in the transition 30% countries 20% 10% LITS confirms 0% previous survey Most people could Most people can be be trusted prior to trusted now findings in this field 1989
… but not for every institution 60% 40% 20% Trust 0% Distrust No view -20% -40% -60% Government Parliament Political Police Presidency Forces Banks Courts Armed Parties
Corruption remains a problem… quot;There is less corruption now than around 1989quot; 100% 90% 80% 70% 63% 63% 60% 75% 50% 40% 30% 17% 23% 20% 16% 10% 14% 19% 9% 0% CEB SEE CIS+M Agree No view Disagree
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Unemployment benefits Other benefits Police Infrequent Courts Official documents Sometimes Public education Corruption in public services … particularly in some sectors Road police Frequent Public health system
Public prioritises spending on human capital CEB SEE Education Education Pensions Pensions Housing CIS+M Housing Education Health Health Pensions Housing Remaining categories are Health ‘Environment’, ‘Public infrastructure’ and ‘Other’
Life in Transition Office of the Chief Economist EBRD www.ebrd.com/ economics
The EBRD's Life in Transition Survey (LITS) studies data from countries across our region of operations to capture information on quality of life and ...
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) seeks to foster the transition to an open market-oriented economy and to promote private
Download the questionnaires, technical documents and reports that describe the survey process and the key results for this study.
Life in Transition Survey in the ECA Region Key Features of the Survey Instrument & Selected Findings Mame Fatou Diagne (ECSPE) Washington DC, April 21st, 2011
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How much should we trust life satisfaction data? Evidence from the Life in Transition Survey. Elena Nikolova, , Peter Sanfey
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