Licorice value chains in Uzbekistan and opportunities for developing export markets

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Published on April 21, 2014

Author: IFPRIDSG

Source: slideshare.net

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"Licorice value chains in Uzbekistan and opportunities for developing export markets" presented by Botir Dosov at Regional Research Conference “Agricultural Transformation and Food Security in Central Asia”, April 8-9, 2014, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

REGIONAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN CENTRAL ASIA Licorice value chains in Uzbekistan and opportunities for developing export markets Untapped opportunities for linking liquorice smallholders in Uzbekistan with markets Presentation by Botir Dosov

Licorice in Uzbekistan  Favourable soil and climate conditions  Licorice root resources make up 12.4 thousand ton  High potential for multiple use of Licorice  Demand: medicine, food and chemical etc..  Export: China, Germany, India, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Pakistan  Economic expediency for agriculture  Existence of regulatory framework  Evolving Licorice production system in agriculture

Some example of potential use leaves seeds roots stems

Licorice value chain: cultivatedLicorice Agricultural Production Storage (drying) Harvesting Primary processing Wholesale Export markets Seller Buyer Licorice roots Extract and /or powder Medicine Local markets PharmacistsFarmers seasonal workers Secondary processing Processors commercial enterprises

Licorice value chain: wildLicorice Storage and drying Harvesting Primary processing Wholesale Export Licorice roots Extract and /or powder Medicine Retail / local markets HHs, Farmers seasonal workers enterprises having license Secondary processing Roots, extr act, powde r, medicine Licorice roots: dried, sorted, packed processors pharmacists

Market leverages of Liquorice of • harvester • purveyor • processor • between • producers • harvesters • purveyors • processors • pharmacists • consumers by purveyors • processors • pharmacists • food industry • industry • foreign companies • by professional farms • producers • private family (dekhkan) farms • Liquorice and liquorice products market Price Demand Supply Competition

Value added to Licorice products: Markets Local market Export / Foreign markets Value chain Production, harvesting Feedstock Primary processing Secondary Processing Exporting Products, value added Cultiviated Licorice roots, untreated Roots: dried, sorted, packed Extract, powder produced Medicine produced dried roots extract and powder medi- cine Expenditures , ‘000 soum per ton 495 1 945 3 501 23 000 2 045 4 201 25 300 Incomes, ‘000 soum per ton 650 2 100 4 200 25 000 2 200 5 460 30 000 Profit, ‘000 soum per ton 155 155 699 2000 155 1 259 4 700 Cost- effectiveness 31,3% 8,0% 20,0% 8,7% 7,6% 30,0% 18,6%

Role of main players in Licorice VC: Policy, Planning , Gover- nance Conser- vation, Science, Technolo- gy Extension Produc- tion Cultiva- tion Primary processing Secondary processing feed- stock Selling New medi- cine produc- tion of medicine Selling Cabinet of Min-s Local Government Nature protection committee Forestry directorate Academy of Science State bio control QC committee Sanitary-and- epidemiologic Insp RI / NARS SPC Shifobaksh Uzfarmindustry Universities Commercial organization Dekhkan farms Farms Forestry enterprises

Licorice value chain actors: Production: roots, seeds, stems, leaves Academy of Science HHs, farmers temporary workers commercial organization NARS Research Institutes Ministry of H Education Universities Ministry of Agriculture Forestry Directorate Forestry enterprises Ministry of Health Pharma- companies Group of companies “Uzfarmsanoat” Companies customers and producers of Licorice based products State Committee for Nature Protection State Biological Control Inspectorate SPC Shifobakhsh Processing (primary): extracts and powder Chemical industry companies Processing (secondary): medicine, chemicals , etc. Directorate for Quality control of medicine and equipment input/ resource suppliers HHs, farmers, pastoralists, livestock keepers processing companies, pharmacists, confectioners, hospitals, drug stores, chemical foreign companies private sector – food, chemical, health, agriculture sectors

Licorice System as Innovation System: Production: roots, seeds, stems, leaves Academy of Science 6. HHs commercial organization NARS Ministry of H Education Universities Ministry of Agriculture 2. Research Forestry enterprises Ministry of Health Pharma- companies Group of companies “Uzfarmsanoat” Companies customers and producers of Licorice based products State Committee for Nature Protection State Biological Control Inspectorate Processing (primary): extracts and powder Chemical industry companies Processing (secondary): medicine, chemicals , etc. Directorate for Quality control HHs, farmers, pastoralists, livestock keepers processing companies, pharmacists, confectioners, hospitals, drug stores, chemical foreign companies 3. demand from private sector – food, chemical, health, agriculture sectors Farmers smallholders, pastoralist Education Extension, RAS 5. input/ resource suppliers Institutional framework regulatory framework 4. Organizational domain, enterprises micro-credits Product suppliers 1. enabling environment

Participants of Licorice VC study Kamiljon Akramov Davronbek Dalimov Botir Dosov Marat Embergenov Farhod Jurahonov Muhammadjon Kosimov Habibjon Kushiev Khasan Mamarasulov Chory Murodov Sayfullo Nigmati Zokir Rahimov Otabek Shomratov Ulmas Sobirov Mirzokhid Yuldashev

Thank you for your attention! Licorice coca-cola pepsi beer alcohol balm paints ink shoe polish/cream foam for fire extinguisher fodder crops halophyte medicine nutrition supplements sweetener paints tobacco antioxidant agriculture beveragespharmaceutics chemicals beekeeping food industry metallurgy oil and gas fertilizers phreatophyte livestock nutrition cosmetics ecology households dosov.b@gmail.com surrogate sweetener smallholders

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