LHC ATLAS Canada McPherson

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Information about LHC ATLAS Canada McPherson
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Published on September 27, 2007

Author: Simo

Source: authorstream.com

Large Hadron Collider and ATLAS: Canadian Participation:  Large Hadron Collider and ATLAS: Canadian Participation 1 June 2006 Rob McPherson Canadian Institute of Particle Physics and the University of Victoria http://www.atlas-canada.ca/ Particle Physics:  Particle Physics Particle physics has the simplest and most fundamental goals of any science: find and identify the most basic building blocks of nature identify and understand the forces that govern their interactions The Big Picture :  The Big Picture  Time universe cooling energy density decreasing t = now t = 0 Accelerators probe higher energy (earlier time) current > O (100 GeV)  LEP, Tevatron HERA Next: > O (1 TeV)  LHC, proton collisions at 14 TeV Compared to Cosmic Rays:  Compared to Cosmic Rays Proton collisions at 14 TeV  cosmic ray of 100 PeV hitting atmosphere LHC will be first facility to precisely probe scales of high-energy cosmic rays Nature does this experiment for us every day, but we do not have precise accelerator and detector in place to observe the interactions with high statistics Standard Model of Particle Physics:  Standard Model of Particle Physics Standard Model was proposed ~ 45 years ago Unified electricity, magnetism, weak forces Has passed every experimental test since then Many new particle discoveries, precision experiment agreement Several experimental Nobel Prizes, 1 theory Nobel Prize But … Standard Model is a Quantum Field Theory Quantum theories are brilliantly successful But such theories have trouble “inserting masses” for particles Standard Model uses a trick: The Higgs mechanism We are missing a basic prediction of the Standard Model: The Higgs boson Higgs Analogy:  Higgs Analogy Imagine a room full of evenly spaced, chattering politicians... This is like space, filled with the Higgs field A well-known politician walks in, and attracts a mass of groupies, increasing her momentum and resistance to movement i.e. she acquires mass, like a particle moving through the Higgs field Similarly, if a rumour crosses the room, it creates the same kind of clustering in the “field”. In the analogy, this cluster is the Higgs particle This explanation is based on David Miller's winning entry in a 1993 competition for explaining the Higgs mechanism to a British politician... Find Higgs and then done??:  Find Higgs and then done?? Clearly need a project that can discover any conceivable Higgs Boson Must be less than ~ few hundred GeV Even then: Standard Model appears to “diverge” (break) at energy scales ~ 1 TeV Many models of new physics that fix this Supersymmetry, extra dimensions, compositeness Predict new particles, black holes …. Below about 1 TeV LHC and ATLAS designed to produce and observe any/all of this LHC: Experiments:  LHC: Experiments Canada and LHC/ATLAS:  Canada and LHC/ATLAS Essential contributions to the construction of the accelerators in the LHC chain TRIUMF Responsibility for critical parts of the ATLAS experiment design and construction Core ATLAS detector construction group was Alberta, Carleton, Toronto, TRIUMF, Victoria High-level trigger system Alberta, McGill, Montreal, Victoria Tier 1 computing facility SFU, TRIUMF Tier 2 analysis facilities Alberta, McGill, SFU, Toronto, Victoria And soon: physics Canadian Accelerator Contributions:  Canadian Accelerator Contributions Canada’s national accelerator lab, TRIUMF, in unique position to make LHC contributions About $40M in total Small part of the accelerator, but critical for the LHC success Upgrades to injection system Power supplies for injection “kickers” Collimation and beam cleaning in high radiation environment LHC Beam Cleaning system:  LHC Beam Cleaning system TRIUMF’s expertise in “warm magnets” in high radiation environment gave unique opportunity for contributing to system design Money spent in Canada (ALSTOM, Tracy, PQ) All TRIUMF contributions successfully completed LHC nearing completion. Expect first high energy collisions in mid 2008 Now need particle detectors … Basic detector elements:  Basic detector elements ATLAS Tracking: s/pT  5x10-4 pT  0.01  40 % at 1 TeV EM Calo: s/E  10% / √E  < 1% at 1 TeV Had Calo: s/E  50% / √E  0.03  5 % at 1 TeV Muons: s/pT  < 10 % at 1 TeV Calos: relatively more important at high energies The ATLAS Detector:  The ATLAS Detector Design requirements: handle enormous LHC rates calorimeters must contain showers trackers must measure momentum of TeV tracks good resolution maintained in forward regions Slide14:  ATLAS Collaboration 35 Countries 158 Institutions 1650 Scientific Authors total (1300 with a PhD, for M&O share) Canada ~ 5% of collaboration Albany, Alberta, NIKHEF Amsterdam, Ankara, LAPP Annecy, Argonne NL, Arizona, UT Arlington, Athens, NTU Athens, Baku, IFAE Barcelona, Belgrade, Bergen, Berkeley LBL and UC, Bern, Birmingham, Bologna, Bonn, Boston, Brandeis, Bratislava/SAS Kosice, Brookhaven NL, Bucharest, Cambridge, Carleton, Casablanca/Rabat, CERN, Chinese Cluster, Chicago, Clermont-Ferrand, Columbia, NBI Copenhagen, Cosenza, INP Cracow, FPNT Cracow, Dortmund, JINR Dubna, Duke, Frascati, Freiburg, Geneva, Genoa, Glasgow, LPSC Grenoble, Technion Haifa, Hampton, Harvard, Heidelberg, Hiroshima, Hiroshima IT, Indiana, Innsbruck, Iowa SU, Irvine UC, Istanbul Bogazici, KEK, Kobe, Kyoto, Kyoto UE, Lancaster, Lecce, Lisbon LIP, Liverpool, Ljubljana, QMW London, RHBNC London, UC London, Lund, UA Madrid, Mainz, Manchester, Mannheim, CPPM Marseille, Massachusetts, MIT, Melbourne, Michigan, Michigan SU, Milano, Minsk NAS, Minsk NCPHEP, Montreal, McGill Montreal, FIAN Moscow, ITEP Moscow, MEPhI Moscow, MSU Moscow, Munich LMU, MPI Munich, Nagasaki IAS, Naples, Naruto UE, New Mexico, Nijmegen, BINP Novosibirsk, Ohio SU, Okayama, Oklahoma, LAL Orsay, Osaka, Oslo, Oxford, Paris VI and VII, Pavia, Pennsylvania, Pisa, Pittsburgh, CAS Prague, CU Prague, TU Prague, IHEP Protvino, Ritsumeikan, Regina, UFRJ Rio de Janeiro, Rochester, Rome I, Rome II, Rome III, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, DAPNIA Saclay, Santa Cruz UC, Sheffield, Shinshu, Siegen, Simon Fraser Vancouver, Southern Methodist Dallas, NPI Petersburg, Stockholm, KTH Stockholm, Stony Brook, Sydney, AS Taipei, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Tokyo ICEPP, Tokyo MU, Toronto, TRIUMF, Tsukuba, Tufts, Udine, Uppsala, Urbana UI, Valencia, UBC Vancouver, Victoria, Washington, Weizmann Rehovot, Wisconsin, Wuppertal, Yale, Yerevan Slide15:  ATLAS Canada Alberta Carleton McGill Montréal Regina Simon Fraser Toronto TRIUMF UBC Victoria York 41 University/Lab.physicists Over 120 people, including Engineers, Technicians, Students Includes 5 IPP Research Scientists Educational Role 20 UG Summer Students 41 Graduate Students 23 Post Docs 4 NSERC Funded Construction Projects Completed in 2004 End cap Hadronic Calorimeter Forward Hadronic Calorimeter Front-End-Board Electronics Endcap Signal Cryogenics Feedthroughs Commissioning On-Going Ongoing/Future Activities Analysis of Beam Tests Calorimeter Calibration Preparation for Physics Event Filter Processor Farm Computing STC Electronics Beam Condition Monitors Slide16:  Liquid Argon/Metal Charged Particle Kinetic Energy of Particle Converted to Ionization Of Liquid Argon Electrical Signal Proportional to Incoming Energy Why Is It Called a Calorimeter? Readout Electronics Slide17:  HEC module production complete ( 134 modules, 6 spares) Design: TRIUMF, UVic, UBC Construction: TRIUMF, Alberta Beam tests: SFU, TRIUMF, UVic Installation: TRIUMF Commissioning: SFU, UVic, Toronto, Carleton Hadronic End Cap Slide18:  LAr Forward Calorimeters FCAL module production complete ( 6 modules, 4 Canadian) Design: Carleton, Toronto Construction: Carleton, Toronto Beam tests: Carleton, Toronto Installation & Commissioning: Carleton, Toronto LAr Endcap Signal Feedthroughs:  LAr Endcap Signal Feedthroughs ATLAS LAr calorimetry has over 180k signal channels which must come through the cryostats Each feedthrough unit carries 1920 electrical channels Feedthrough units: 64 in barrel, 50 in endcap The endcap signal feedthrough project is an ATLAS common fund contribution from Canada. Over $4M from NSERC MIG. This was Canada’s major construction common fund contribution to ATLAS, completed on time and under budget All endcap feedthough units built at UVic Onsite TRIUMF staff crucial to the success of the project Onsite MFA supported personnel still critical UVIc, TRIUMF, UBC Slide20:  Development and fabrication on track for most components, boards University of Alberta Rad-tolerant FE board (1524 boards, each 128 channels) LAr Front End Electronics Slide21:  The Event Filter Online Computer Farm to Select Events Recorded by Experiment Alberta, McGill, Montreal, Victoria ATLAS Computing:  ATLAS Computing ATLAS will record about 3.2 Petabytes of data/yr (3.2 million GB) ... plus 2-3 times as much simulated data... invites comparisons like “if we wrote one year's data on DVDs it would make a stack roughly as high as the CN Tower” CN Tower: 553 m DVD thickness: 1.2 mm DVD capacity: 8.5 GB (1-side, 2-layer) 3.2 PB/8.5 GB = 376470 discs = 451 m The LHC Computing Grid:  The LHC Computing Grid One massive computing centre at CERN not acceptable Farm out data around the world using GRID Tiered structure attempts to minimize international bandwidth usage... 10 Tier 1 for raw processing 1 in Canada: TRIUMF, SFU 40-50 Tier 2 for analysis 2 in Canada: UVic/SFU/Alta & Toronto/McGill Tier 1 at TRIUMF Today:  Tier 1 at TRIUMF Today TRIUMF Grid CPUs: 162 2 Compute Elements with 116 Worker Node CPUs 1 Storage Element: (24 TB disk, 12 TB tape) Servers for Middleware, Oracle DB, dCache, Admin… see http://gridinfo.triumf.ca/ganglia/ for up-to-date status For up-to-date plot go to http://gridview.cern.ch/GRIDVIEW/ Summary:  Summary The CERN Large Hadron Collider + ATLAS detector are designed to find (and measure properties!) of Higgs bosons up to highest possible masses Same time: sensitivity to physics beyond the Standard Model of whatever form beyond ~ few TeV The LHC accelerator is being completed Canadians built components matched to our unique expertise at TRIUMF ATLAS detector currently finishing installation and commissioning Canadian components being commissioned, working well Detector commissioning in situ has started First collisions: ~ mid, 2008 Then: Higgs, SUSY, and whatever else is there Further information: http://www.atlas-canada.ca/

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