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Lesson 7: Informal Logic II

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Information about Lesson 7: Informal Logic II

Published on April 9, 2008

Author: bsimoneaux

Source: slideshare.net

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Lesson Seven Informal Logic II

By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Write an effective and logical outline for your argumentative paper. Today’s O bjective

“ The aim or purpose of argument is to use logic (both inductive and deductive) to create reasoned communication of ideas, insights, and experiences to some audience so as to produce a new understanding of some issue for that audience.” argument

Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the relationship among various significant ideas contained in the thesis sentence(s) Thesis Stat e ments

Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s) + restricting clause(s) [general ideas are stated] [qualifying idea(s) defined] Thesis Stat e ments

If you have a good analytical thesis statement, creating an outline is relatively easy. O utlining

There are essentially two major ways to draft an outline from a thesis statement: Isolating key ideas to be developed Using informal logic O utlining

There are essentially two major ways to draft an outline from a thesis statement:

Isolating key ideas to be developed

Using informal logic

O utlining From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: “ Love is disappearing because individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . ”

From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: We immediately recognize that the driving organizational force behind the thesis statement is cause & effect . At the most general level, we are asserting that love is disappearing because individualism is becoming more prevalent. O utlining

From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : ? Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining

From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining

Any questions and/or comments about your homework?

Models Let’s look some examples together. O utlining

Pg. 127 – 129 Two types of outlines / Rules / Examples Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

Parallelism Coordination Subordination Division Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

Parallelism

Coordination

Subordination

Division

Parallelism Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first heading is a noun, the second heading should be a noun. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

Coordination All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as the information contained in Heading 2. The same goes for the subheadings (which should be less significant than the headings). Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

Subordination The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in the subheadings should be more specific. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

Division Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines

From Thesis Statement to Outline We must ask ourselves the following question: “ How do I prove each premise?” Use your invention notes. Exp a nding Outlines

From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. Exp a nding Outlines

Exp a nding Outlines I. Introduction II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive III. Individualism: main survival technique IV. Conclusion

From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. How do we prove this premise? Definition / Compare and Contrast Exp a nding Outlines

II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive A. Individualism 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfish b. B. Love 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfless b. C. Individualism & Love

From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . How do we prove this premise? Cause and Effect Exp a nding Outlines

III. Individualism: main survival technique A. Causes 1. Overpopulation a. Competition b. 2. Consumerism 3. Economy B. Effects 1. 2. (Effects should be directly related to II.A)

You will turn in your th e sis statement and syllogism next week.

F i rst Draft & Outline: Due Week 10

F i rst Draft: Just get your ideas down on paper. Don’t worry about making it perfect or beautiful. About 1,000 words.

Homew o rk Use your invention notes to expand your outline. Begin writing your first draft.

Read i ng Review Informal Logic Handouts Pg. 127 - 129

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