Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet

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Information about Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: bsimoneaux

Source: slideshare.net

Lesson Three Research Neijiang Normal University - Brent A. Simoneaux

Web site http://www.slideshare.net/bsimoneaux

Lect u re “ Transcendentalist Education” Thursday: 7:00 Lecture Hall

By the end of this lesson, you should know: How to take effective notes while reading The advantages and disadvantages of printed material and internet sources How search engines operate in order to make researching more effective Practical resources for researching on the internet Today’s O bjectives

By the end of this lesson, you should know:

How to take effective notes while reading

The advantages and disadvantages of printed material and internet sources

How search engines operate in order to make researching more effective

Practical resources for researching on the internet

Argumentative T o pics We need to know two basic things about research: How to find useful information How to remember the information

We need to know two basic things about research:

How to find useful information

How to remember the information

Argumentative T o pics How to find useful information Discuss pg 250 – 252

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Publication Process Print Sources: Traditional print sources go through an extensive publication process that includes editing and article review. The process has fact-checkers, multiple reviewers, and editors to ensure quality of publication. Internet Sources: Anyone with a computer and access to the Internet can publish a website or electronic document. Most web documents do not have editors, fact-checkers, or other types of reviewers.

Publication Process

Print Sources: Traditional print sources go through an extensive publication process that includes editing and article review. The process has fact-checkers, multiple reviewers, and editors to ensure quality of publication.

Internet Sources: Anyone with a computer and access to the Internet can publish a website or electronic document. Most web documents do not have editors, fact-checkers, or other types of reviewers.

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Authorship and Affiliations Print Sources: Print sources clearly indicate who the author is, what organization(s) he or she is affiliated with, and when his or her work was published. Internet Sources: Authorship and affiliations are difficult to determine on the Internet. Some sites my have author and sponsorship listed, but many do not.

Authorship and Affiliations

Print Sources: Print sources clearly indicate who the author is, what organization(s) he or she is affiliated with, and when his or her work was published.

Internet Sources: Authorship and affiliations are difficult to determine on the Internet. Some sites my have author and sponsorship listed, but many do not.

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Sources and Quotations Print Sources: In most traditional publications, external sources of information and direct quotations are clearly marked and identified. Internet Sources: Sources the author used or referred to in the text may not be clearly indicated in an Internet source.

Sources and Quotations

Print Sources: In most traditional publications, external sources of information and direct quotations are clearly marked and identified.

Internet Sources: Sources the author used or referred to in the text may not be clearly indicated in an Internet source.

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Bias and Special Interest Print Sources: While bias certainly exists in traditional publications, printing is more expensive and difficult to accomplish. Most major publishers are out to make a profit and will either not cater to special interest groups or will clearly indicate when they are when they are catering to special interest groups. Internet Sources: The purpose of the online text may be misleading. A website that appears to be factual may actually be persuasive and/or deceptive.

Bias and Special Interest

Print Sources: While bias certainly exists in traditional publications, printing is more expensive and difficult to accomplish. Most major publishers are out to make a profit and will either not cater to special interest groups or will clearly indicate when they are when they are catering to special interest groups.

Internet Sources: The purpose of the online text may be misleading. A website that appears to be factual may actually be persuasive and/or deceptive.

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Author Qualifications Print Sources: Qualifications of an author are almost always necessary for print sources. Only qualified authors are likely to have their manuscripts accepted for publication. Internet Sources: Even if the author and purpose of a website can be determined, the qualifications of the author are not always given.

Author Qualifications

Print Sources: Qualifications of an author are almost always necessary for print sources. Only qualified authors are likely to have their manuscripts accepted for publication.

Internet Sources: Even if the author and purpose of a website can be determined, the qualifications of the author are not always given.

Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources Publication Information Print Sources: Publication information such as date of publication, publisher, author, and editor are always clearly listed in print publications. Internet Sources: Dates of publication and timeliness of information are questionable on the internet. Dates listed on websites could be the date posted, date updated, or a date may not be listed at all.

Publication Information

Print Sources: Publication information such as date of publication, publisher, author, and editor are always clearly listed in print publications.

Internet Sources: Dates of publication and timeliness of information are questionable on the internet. Dates listed on websites could be the date posted, date updated, or a date may not be listed at all.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Argumentative T o pics How to remember the information Discuss pg 252 – 255 in text Of course, there are many different ways to take notes. Do whatever works best for you. Look at examples.

Understanding the nature of the Internet, how to navigate it, and how it is organized can help you filter out the quality information and websites from that which does not relate or is of questionable quality. Research & The Internet

Understanding the nature of the Internet, how to navigate it, and how it is organized can help you filter out the quality information and websites from that which does not relate or is of questionable quality.

In 1994, how many web pages did Google have in its index? 1 million 10 million 20 million 200 million Research & The Internet

In 1994, how many web pages did Google have in its index?

1 million

10 million

20 million

200 million

In 2004, how many web pages did Google have in its index? 200 million 1 billion 8 billion 13 billion Research & The Internet

In 2004, how many web pages did Google have in its index?

200 million

1 billion

8 billion

13 billion

L i nk http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/558/06/

L i nk

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/558/06/

Kinds o f Search Engines and Directories Search Engines Meta-search Engines Web Directories

Kinds o f Search Engines and Directories

Search Engines

Meta-search Engines

Web Directories

Search Engines a nd Directories Search Engines Search engines ask for keywords or phrases and then search the Web for results. www.google.com www.yahoo.com www.msn.com www.lycos.com www.altavista.com

Search Engines

Search engines ask for keywords or phrases and then search the Web for results.

www.google.com

www.yahoo.com

www.msn.com

www.lycos.com

www.altavista.com

 

 

Kinds of S e arch Engines and Directories Visible Web / Invisible Web

Kinds of S e arch Engines and Directories

Visible Web / Invisible Web

Search Engines a nd Directories Learn how the search engine works Each search engine has its advantages: Google / MSN / Yahoo Lycos AltaVista

Learn how the search engine works

Each search engine has its advantages:

Google / MSN / Yahoo

Lycos

AltaVista

Search Engines a nd Directories Select your terms carefully Using inexact terms or terms that are too general will cause you problems. If your early searches turn up too many references, try to find more specific terms, use boolean operators, or do an advanced search.

Select your terms carefully

Using inexact terms or terms that are too general will cause you problems. If your early searches turn up too many references, try to find more specific terms, use boolean operators, or do an advanced search.

Search Engines a nd Directories Boolean Operators Most search engines allow you to combine terms with words (referred to as Boolean operators) such as "and," "or," or "not." Knowing how to use these terms is very important for a successful search. Most search engines will allow you to apply the Boolean operators in an "advanced search" option.

Boolean Operators

Most search engines allow you to combine terms with words (referred to as Boolean operators) such as "and," "or," or "not."

Knowing how to use these terms is very important for a successful search. Most search engines will allow you to apply the Boolean operators in an "advanced search" option.

Search Engines a nd Directories Boolean Operators AND AND is the most useful and most important term. It tells the search engine to find your first word AND your second word or term. AND can, however, cause problems, especially when you use it with phrases or two terms that are each broad in themselves or likely to appear together in other contexts. Example: Chicago and Bulls

Boolean Operators

AND

AND is the most useful and most important term. It tells the search engine to find your first word AND your second word or term. AND can, however, cause problems, especially when you use it with phrases or two terms that are each broad in themselves or likely to appear together in other contexts.

Example: Chicago and Bulls

Search Engines a nd Directories Boolean Operators OR Use OR when a key term may appear in two different ways. Example: Nejiang Normal University or NNU

Boolean Operators

OR

Use OR when a key term may appear in two different ways.

Example: Nejiang Normal University or NNU

Search Engines a nd Directories Boolean Operators NEAR NEAR is a term that can only be used on some search engines, and it can be very useful. It tells the search engine to find documents with both words but only when they appear near each other, usually within a few words. Example: mobile home

Boolean Operators

NEAR

NEAR is a term that can only be used on some search engines, and it can be very useful. It tells the search engine to find documents with both words but only when they appear near each other, usually within a few words.

Example: mobile home

Boolean Operators NOT NOT tells the search engine to find a reference that contains one term but not the other. This is useful when a term refers to multiple concepts. Example: Ralph Waldo Emerson not college Search Engines a nd Directories

Boolean Operators

NOT

NOT tells the search engine to find a reference that contains one term but not the other. This is useful when a term refers to multiple concepts.

Example: Ralph Waldo Emerson not college

Ex a mple Suppose we want to do some research about Transcendentalism and the symbolism of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Search Engines a nd Directories

Ex a mple

Suppose we want to do some research about Transcendentalism and the symbolism of Nathaniel Hawthorne.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ex a mple Now, let’s do a search for a paper on the topic of feminism in Transcendentalism. Search Engines a nd Directories

Ex a mple

Now, let’s do a search for a paper on the topic of feminism in Transcendentalism.

 

 

 

 

 

Search Engines a nd Directories Meta-Search Engines These search other search engines and often search smaller, less well known search engines and specialized sites. These search engines are good for doing large, sweeping searches of what information is out there.

Meta-Search Engines

These search other search engines and often search smaller, less well known search engines and specialized sites. These search engines are good for doing large, sweeping searches of what information is out there.

Search Engines a nd Directories Meta-Search Engines Ex a mples: www.dogpile.com www.mamma.com www.metacrawler.com www.all4one.com

Meta-Search Engines

Ex a mples:

www.dogpile.com

www.mamma.com

www.metacrawler.com

www.all4one.com

 

 

Search Engines a nd Directories Web Directories Web directories (also known as indexes, web indexes or catalogues) are broken down into categories and sub-categories and are good for broad searches of established sites.

Web Directories

Web directories (also known as indexes, web indexes or catalogues) are broken down into categories and sub-categories and are good for broad searches of established sites.

 

 

 

Search Engines a nd Directories Web Directories Ex a mples: http://www.dmoz.com/ http://search.yahoo.com/dir

Web Directories

Ex a mples:

http://www.dmoz.com/

http://search.yahoo.com/dir

Search Engines a nd Directories Searching the Invisible Web www.alexa.com A website that archives older websites that are no longer available on the Internet. http://completeplanet.com Provides access to lists of databases which you can then search individually.

Searching the Invisible Web

www.alexa.com A website that archives older websites that are no longer available on the Internet.

http://completeplanet.com Provides access to lists of databases which you can then search individually.

Search Engines a nd Directories Searching the Invisible Web http://highwire.stanford.edu Brought to you by Stanford University, HighWire press provides access to one of the largest databases of free, full-text, scholarly content. http://infomine.ucr.edu A research database created by librarians for use at the university level. It includes both a browsable catalogue and searching capabilities.

Searching the Invisible Web

http://highwire.stanford.edu Brought to you by Stanford University, HighWire press provides access to one of the largest databases of free, full-text, scholarly content.

http://infomine.ucr.edu A research database created by librarians for use at the university level. It includes both a browsable catalogue and searching capabilities.

 

Search Engines a nd Directories Searching the Invisible Web www.invisible-web.net A database that provides a host of links to invisible web resources in a variety of categories. http://magportal.com A search engine that will allow you to search for free online magazine articles on a wide range of topics.

Searching the Invisible Web

www.invisible-web.net A database that provides a host of links to invisible web resources in a variety of categories.

http://magportal.com A search engine that will allow you to search for free online magazine articles on a wide range of topics.

Search Engines a nd Directories Searching the Invisible Web www.doaj.org Another full-text journal searchable database. www.findarticles.com Indexes over 10 million articles from a variety of different publications.

Searching the Invisible Web

www.doaj.org Another full-text journal searchable database.

www.findarticles.com Indexes over 10 million articles from a variety of different publications.

Search Engines a nd Directories Other useful sites for finding information http://lii.org Provides librarian-reviewed websites and material on a host of different topics. While this site is not exhaustive, it will provide you quality information on a large variety of topics. Some of this material is invisible-web material. www.about.com Provides practical information on a large variety of topics written by trained professionals.

Other useful sites for finding information

http://lii.org Provides librarian-reviewed websites and material on a host of different topics. While this site is not exhaustive, it will provide you quality information on a large variety of topics. Some of this material is invisible-web material.

www.about.com Provides practical information on a large variety of topics written by trained professionals.

 

Search Engines a nd Directories Other useful sites for finding information www.wikipedia.com The largest free and open access encyclopedia on the internet. www.stupidcensorship.com www.refdesk.com A site that provides reviews and a search feature for free reference materials online.

Other useful sites for finding information

www.wikipedia.com The largest free and open access encyclopedia on the internet.

www.stupidcensorship.com

www.refdesk.com A site that provides reviews and a search feature for free reference materials online.

Homew o rk Begin locating three good sources for topic (use the library or the Internet). Begin reading and taking good notes. These notes will not be turned in next week. They will be turned in during week 17.

Read i ng Read Chapter 5

Next Week : Summarizing

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