Lesson 1c Lighting

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Information about Lesson 1c Lighting

Published on August 18, 2008

Author: hweeling

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Basic Photography Lesson 1c: Lighting

Lighting Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Lights… camera… action… Good lighting not only ensures a successful photo, but also conveys mood, emotion, and depth . The direction, quality, and intensity of the light each have a dramatic effect on your pictures. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Direction of Light When it comes to the direction of light, there are 360 degrees of possibilities. When the light isn't working for you, change it by moving your position , your subject's position , or the light itself , if possible. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

High front light (sunlight) High front light is… Pros Most of the scene is well lit Bright sunny days bring out the colors of a scene Cons Sunlight may cause your subjects to squint Very high sunlight (seen at noon) will create deep shadows under eyes and chins, unless you use flash Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

High front light is…

Pros

Most of the scene is well lit

Bright sunny days bring out the colors of a scene

Cons

Sunlight may cause your subjects to squint

Very high sunlight (seen at noon) will create deep

shadows under eyes and chins, unless you use

flash

Front light (Flash) Front lighting illuminates portion of subject facing the photographer . Camera's flash is the most common type of front lighting. Pros Provides most information by lighting entire scene Easiest type of light to deal with because there are fewer shadows to confuse camera's light meter Cons Can be a bit boring—pictures lack volume and depth Textures and details are minimized. Scenes appear flat with few shadows Flash pictures may result in very bright subject areas and very dark backgrounds Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Front lighting illuminates portion of subject facing the photographer . Camera's flash is the most common type of front lighting.

Pros

Provides most information by lighting entire scene

Easiest type of light to deal with because there are

fewer shadows to confuse camera's light meter

Cons

Can be a bit boring—pictures lack volume and

depth

Textures and details are minimized. Scenes appear

flat with few shadows

Flash pictures may result in very bright subject

areas and very dark backgrounds

Back light Light that comes from behind your subject is by far the trickiest to use, but the dramatic results may be worth the effort. Pros Simplifies a complicated scene by emphasizing the subject, as in a silhouette Provides a flattering halo of light in portraits Adds strong shadows in landscapes Cons Lack of detail in a dark subject Causes lens flare resulting in low contrast and strange light spots across the picture. Using exposure compensation to overcome backlighting results in too-bright background Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Light that comes from behind your subject is by far the trickiest to use, but the dramatic results may be worth the effort.

Pros

Simplifies a complicated scene by emphasizing the

subject, as in a silhouette

Provides a flattering halo of light in portraits

Adds strong shadows in landscapes

Cons

Lack of detail in a dark subject

Causes lens flare resulting in low contrast and

strange light spots across the picture.

Using exposure compensation to overcome

backlighting results in too-bright background

Side light Side lighting is perfect when you want to emphasize texture, dimension, shapes, or patterns . Side lighting sculpts a subject , revealing contours and textures. Use side lighting to exaggerate dimension and depth . At a 45-degree angle to the side, it's one of the most flattering types of portrait lighting. Pros Can separate the subject from the background Conveys depth , as in a landscape at sunset. Conveys texture , as in a weathered tree, fence, or plowed field. Cons May be too severe for some subjects , creating some areas that are too bright, and some that are too dark Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Side lighting is perfect when you want to emphasize texture, dimension, shapes, or patterns . Side lighting sculpts a subject , revealing contours and textures. Use side lighting to exaggerate dimension and depth . At a 45-degree angle to the side, it's one of the most flattering types of portrait lighting.

Pros

Can separate the subject from the background

Conveys depth , as in a landscape at sunset.

Conveys texture , as in a weathered tree, fence,

or plowed field.

Cons

May be too severe for some subjects , creating

some areas that are too bright, and some that are

too dark

Tips for back lighting… Prevent lens flare - shield camera with hat, hand, or book Turn the flash off - use low exposure for dramatic silhouette - perfect for sunset with tree, boat or person in foreground. Use “backlight” button to properly expose your subject. Your background may get too light or even washed out. Use white reflector (poster board works) to reflect light back onto your subject. Useful for close-ups like flowers. Move in closer - fill the frame with your backlit subject, so the brighter surrounding light doesn't confuse camera. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Prevent lens flare - shield camera with hat, hand, or book

Turn the flash off - use low exposure for dramatic silhouette - perfect for sunset

with tree, boat or person in foreground.

Use “backlight” button to properly expose your subject. Your background may

get too light or even washed out.

Use white reflector (poster board works) to reflect light back onto your subject.

Useful for close-ups like flowers.

Move in closer - fill the frame with your backlit subject, so the brighter

surrounding light doesn't confuse camera.

Natural Lighting Contrary to popular belief, the middle of a sunny day isn't the best time to take a picture. Learn to identify different types of natural light and recognize their benefits in various situations. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Whatever the weather, weather the weather The weather will affect the mood of your picture. Any kind of weather is suitable for picture-taking, and the worst weather may actually suit your subject best. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Bad weather, good photos? Flowers photograph best on a cloudy day, especially pastel-colored flowers with soft textures Overcast day is actually good for portraits - no harsh shadows under eyes, noses, and chins, and no squinting of eyes A calm, rainy day means better reflections of the leaves across the lake A wet street shines and reflects headlights and traffic signals Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Flowers photograph best on a cloudy day, especially pastel-colored flowers with soft textures

Overcast day is actually good for portraits - no harsh shadows under eyes, noses, and chins, and no squinting of eyes

A calm, rainy day means better reflections of the leaves across the lake

A wet street shines and reflects headlights and traffic signals

Perfect Timing Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A You may not have the luxury of waiting hours, even days, for the perfect light. When something about a scene isn't quite right, though, consider when it would be better. A city skyline is boring at noon. Try sunrise or sunset Wait until late afternoon (side lighting) to emphasize texture, like on a weathered fence Wait for a calm day to capture reflections on water Use the warm glow of late afternoon to create a romantic mood

You may not have the luxury of waiting hours, even days, for the perfect light.

When something about a scene isn't quite right, though, consider when it would be better.

A city skyline is boring at noon. Try sunrise or

sunset

Wait until late afternoon (side lighting) to

emphasize texture, like on a weathered fence

Wait for a calm day to capture reflections on

water

Use the warm glow of late afternoon to create a

romantic mood

Quality of Light The quality of light affects the mood of the picture Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A Hard Light Hard light, like that found on a bright, sunny day, creates very bright and very dark areas in the same scene. Another example of hard light is when the camera's flash is the only light source, resulting in bright subjects against a very dark background. Use the dark shadows as design elements or soften them with flash if you're within range.

Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A Soft Light Soft light is very camera friendly - smooth, diffuse, even, with few shadows to confuse your camera. Cloudy days and large shaded areas offer soft light with no harsh shadows or intense bright spots.

Soft Lighting Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A Light even has colors . Early or late in the day, sunlight has a warm golden glow . Snow-covered landscape can be conveyed with bluish noon-hour light .

Other Lighting There are many other types of light, and most of them aren't very conducive to photography. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Other Lighting Fluorescent lights create a green hue. Incandescent lights, also known as tungsten (traditional light bulbs) can make a subject look yellow. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Flash Lighting Lucky for us, an automatic flash is included on just about every digital camera sold today. That doesn't mean the camera is fail-proof. You still need to know how and when to use these features. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

General Flash Tips Stay within flash range. Check your camera manual for the recommended range Batteries that are approaching exhaustion will not give full flash power even if the camera is still working. Prevent red eye by asking your subjects to look slightly away from the camera, and turn on all the room lights to shrink their pupils. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Stay within flash range. Check your camera

manual for the recommended range

Batteries that are approaching exhaustion will

not give full flash power even if the camera is

still working.

Prevent red eye by asking your subjects to

look slightly away from the camera, and turn

on all the room lights to shrink their pupils.

General Flash Tips Use flash for sunny day portraits to fill in those dark shadows under the eyes, nose, or under the rim of a baseball hat. It can even help in a difficult lighting situation, such as a dark complexion on a beach, or a child playing in the snow. Flash is also useful for side-lit and back-lit pictures. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Use flash for sunny day portraits to fill in those

dark shadows under the eyes, nose, or under

the rim of a baseball hat.

It can even help in a difficult lighting situation,

such as a dark complexion on a beach, or a

child playing in the snow.

Flash is also useful for side-lit and back-lit

pictures.

Flash off There are occasions when your camera thinks the flash is needed, but in fact it isn't. You probably have a "Flash Off" (or similar wording) setting on your camera. Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

Flash off When to use Flash Off :- When you are too far away from your subject for the flash to be effective When the flash would create annoying reflections from mirrors and other shiny surfaces At sunset or in other low-light situations where you'd like a foreground subject to be silhouetted Where the quality of the existing light is beautiful, like a kitten sleeping in the sunbeam Where flash is not allowed (steady yourself against a wall and anchor your elbows at your side). Revealing Eye in Digital Photography DE002A

When to use Flash Off :-

When you are too far away from your subject for the flash to be effective

When the flash would create annoying reflections from mirrors and other shiny surfaces

At sunset or in other low-light situations where you'd like a foreground subject to be silhouetted

Where the quality of the existing light is beautiful, like a kitten sleeping in the sunbeam

Where flash is not allowed (steady yourself against a wall and anchor your elbows at your side).

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