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Lesson 1 Introduction

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Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Dabby

Source: authorstream.com

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Peacekeeping Operations ICAF 5113 Spring 05:  Peacekeeping Operations ICAF 5113 Spring 05 Dr. Michael J. Baranick Mr. Clifford Bond MS Melissa Sinclair Lesson 2 History of Peace Operations The Cycle:  The Cycle Si vis pocem, para bellum (if you want peace, prepare for war):  Si vis pocem, para bellum (if you want peace, prepare for war) “ The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must” Thucydides – Peloponnesian War The Nature of the Problem:  The Nature of the Problem Defend, maintain, or extend interests and power Wars within states vastly outnumber wars between states Fought with conventional weapons and rely on strategies of ethnic expulsion and annihilation More civilians are killed than soldiers Belligerents use strategies and tactics that deliberately target women, children, the poor, and the weak Driving Policy Responses:  Driving Policy Responses Northern Iraq Somalia Rwanda Haiti Turkish and regional security Pressure from Allies Humanitarian Public opinion Media Humanitarian Presidential legacy Reduced political constraints Somalia Debacle PDD25: no National Interest Black Caucus & domestic Agenda Flow of refugees Driving Policy Responses (cont):  Driving Policy Responses (cont) Bosnia Kosovo Pakistan Iraq Transatlantic Relations UN pullout Reelection Humanitarian Threats to Regional stability NATO credibility Impeachment Terrorist WMD Security Most Important Motivation:  Most Important Motivation Northern Iraq Somalia Rwanda Haiti Bosnia Kosovo Primary Secondary Secondary Negligible Primary Secondary Negligible Negligible Primary Primary Negligible Primary Primary Negligible Primary Primary Primary Secondary Weinberger-Powell Doctrine:  Weinberger-Powell Doctrine Vital national interests Overwhelming force Political and Military objectives Force Structure adjusted as events change Public and congressional support Force must be last resort President Bush’s National Security Strategy:  President Bush’s National Security Strategy Champion human rights Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism Work with others to defuse regional conflicts Prevent the threats weapons of mass destruction New era of global economic growth Building the infrastructure of democracy Develop agendas for cooperative action Transform America's national security institutions to meet the challenges and opportunities of the twenty-first century U.S. Nation Building Efforts:  U.S. Nation Building Efforts Era of quasi-imperialism in Philippines, Caribbean & Central America Post World War II Cold War Counterinsurgency Post Cold War “humanitarian intervention” Post 9/11 GWOT 1st Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  1st Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction Bring new leadership to power Establish security & prosperity Used wide range of programs 2nd Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  2nd Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction Motivated by stability and humanitarian issues Made financial and political contributions International actors were deeply involved International community was not protagonists 3rd Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  3rd Generation Post-Conflict Reconstruction Afghanistan: Growing concern over GWOT & WMD Pursued war against Al Qaeda & Taliban Reconstruction left to international actors Iraq: Newest generation of nation building Real post-conflict reconstruction effort Counterinsurgency strategy that uses PC tools PC effort quite ambitious Challenges of Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  Challenges of Post-Conflict Reconstruction What is needed? How can we improve our capacity? When and how should we use this capacity?

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