Published on February 13, 2014
ARTICLE 6. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH The Party-List System It is a mechanism of proportional representation in the election of representatives to the House of Representatives from marginalized or underrepresented national, regional and sectoral parties, or organizations or coalitions thereof registered with the Commission on Elections (Comelec).
The Party-List System • It is part of the electoral process that enables small political parties and marginalized and underrepresented sectors to obtain possible representation in the House of Representatives, which traditionally is dominated by parties with big political machinery.
Who may participate? Instead of individual candidates, only registered organized groups may participate and these are: 1. Sectoral Party – an organized group of citizens whose principal advocacy pertains to the special interests and concerns of the following sectors: Labor Women Overseas workers Fisherfolk Urban Poor Urban Poor Peasant Professionals Elderly Youth Handicapped Veterans Indigenous Cultural communities
Who may participate? 2. Political Party – an organized group of qualified voters pursuing the same ideology, political ideas and principles for the general conduct of the government; it may be:  A national party when its constituency is spread over the geographical territory of at least a majority of the regions; and  A regional party when its constituency is spread over the geographical territory of at least a majority of the cities and provinces comprising a region.
Who may participate? 3. Sectoral Organization – a group of qualified voters bound together by similar physical attributes or characteristics, or by employment, interests or concerns.
Who may participate? 4. Coalition – an aggrupation of duly registered national, regional, sectoral parties or organizations for political and/or election purposes.
Qualifications of a nominee What are the qualifications of a party-list nominee? [a] A natural-born citizen of the Philippines; [b] A registered voter; [c] A resident of the Philippines for a period of not less than one (1) year immediately preceding the election day; [d] Able to read and write; [e] A bona fide member of the party he seeks to represent for at least ninety (90) days preceding election day; and [f] At least twenty-five (25) years of age on election day.
Nominee of Youth Sector In case of the youth sector, he must be at least twenty-five (25) but not more than thirty (30) years of age on the day of the election. Any youth sectoral representative who reaches the age of thirty (30) during his term shall be allowed to continue in office until the expiration of his term.
Seats allocated How many seats are available under the party-list system? Twenty percent (20%) of the total membership in the House of Representatives is reserved for party-list representatives, or a ratio of one (1) party list representative for every four (4) legislative district representatives. In 2007 election the number of seats allocated for the party-list is 55. This number is expected to increase this 2010 election due to the increase in the number of legislative districts.
2 votes for Representatives In voting for representatives, how will a voter cast his vote? Every voter shall be entitled to two (2) votes for the House of Representatives, as follows: [a] First, a vote for a district representative; and [b] Second, a vote for the party he wants represented in the House of Representatives.
Counting of Party-list votes How shall the votes cast for the party-list be counted? Because the voting will be at large, and not by sector, all votes obtained by a party regardless of constituency will be tallied on a nationwide basis. The percentage of votes garnered by a party shall be computed in relation to the total votes cast for the party-list nationwide.
Party-List vs District Rep What is the status of the party-list representatives vis-à-vis representatives of legislative districts in the House of Representatives? Party-list representatives are considered elected Members of the House and as such, entitled to the same deliberative rights, salaries, and emoluments as the regular Members of the House of representatives. They shall serve for a term of three (3) years with a maximum of three (3) consecutive terms.
Total votes obtained by a Party List Group x 100% TPLV If the percentage share of Magdalo is expressed in two decimal places we have: 451,377 22,574,337 x 100% = 2.00%
Note that the two-percenters are given one guaranteed seats each. Then the remaining number of seats after the guaranteed seats are given is distributed in two stages. In the first stage, additional number of seats is given to the twopercenters by determining the whole number obtained when the percentage share of the party list group is multiplied by the remaining number of seats. Suppose, for example, that there are 40 remaining seats. 1. if Party List A (PL-A) has 6% of the TPLV then 6% x 40 = 2.4. Thus, PL-A is given 2 additional seats. 2. If Party List (PL-B) has 3% of the TPLV then 3% x 40 = 1.2. Thus, PL-B is given 1 additional seat. 3. If Party List (PL-C) has 2% of the TPLV then 2% x 40 = 0.8. Thus, PL-C is not given an additional seat.
There is a second stage if there are still vacant seats. In the second stage, one seat is awarded to the highest ranking (in terms of percentage share) party list group that did not receive any additional seat in the first stage. If there are still vacant seats, then one seat is awarded each to the next ranking party list groups until all the vacant seats are given. Therefore, a party list group with at least two percent of the TPLV is always assured of at least two seats by the Supreme Court Decision
These are the 8 things you should know before casting your vote for the party list: 1. You are voting for a party or organization, not a person. 2. You are voting for only one party or organization. 3. What are the parties and organizations participating in the party list in 2013? According to RA 7941, any national, regional, or sectoral party or coalition may join once accredited by the Comelec. Banned from the party list are groups that are religious, advocate violence and other illegal ways in its advocacy, and are foreign or foreign-funded. 4. Remember your choice group’s number on the ballot. 5. While you won’t be voting for persons, you have a way of checking who are the nominees of the different groups. 6. Your preferred group’s chances of winning will depend on the percentage it gets against the total votes for all the participating groups. 7. You will still vote for a district representative (congressman), on the opposite side of the ballot. 8. Your party-list representative is not a second-class congressman.
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