Published on March 8, 2014
Presented by: Dr. Akhlas Ahmed Lecture # 08 Preston University
Sociometry The study of the patterns of interrelations among people in groups, and the process of their measurement. Way of mapping preferences among group members Reveal relation of individual to group Reveal (sub) structure of group Reveal role (s) played by members Predict amount / direction of interaction
Leadership: Sociometry Network centralization related to power and perceptions of influence based on who (and which subgroups) Communicated with each other most. Analysis of underlying structure -Path between nodes X and Y? -How many links in path? -What role (s) does each node play? Analysis of underlying structure Analysis of message flow in network -How long to move through network? -Types of messages? -Which channels?
Sociometry… Historically, it was developed by Jacob L. Moreno in 1930s. It is closely associated with small group research, where its focuses on interpersonal choices. It is an empirical, phenomenological approach to the study of group structure. Sociometry can serve as a contrast or complement to the formal study of group structure through archival records.
sociography The term Sociometry refer to research using quantitative scales. It is sometimes called sociography, which is a method of presenting data about complex individual relationships and networks in graph form.
Sociometry Tests Sociometry Tests are simply surveys which are administered to subjects (typically all subjects in a small group) to determine the direction of certain relationships. This can sometimes be assessed through simple observation. For example, a Sociometry test might ask members of a department which other members they are most / least likely to consult on important questions; whom they hold in highest / lowest esteem; or with whom they most / least likely to see face-to-face during the previous week.
In each representation, individuals are depicted as points. Star representation is made up of several lines pointing toward or away from a central point, which represents an individual who is involved in relation ships with each of the other points, and where the arrows represent relationships such as ignoring, reciprocation or rejection. Chain representations includes a series of relationships; the pair (a mutually reciprocated relationship); the power (short for "power behind the throne," who is the object of attraction of a few very sociometrically attractive individuals; and the isolate (a subject not chosen by anyone).
TECHNIQUES USED IN COUNSELING 1. 2. 3. Techniques for getting to know an individual Techniques based on self-expressing Techniques based on others’ views
WHAT IS SOCIOMETRY? Socious (in latin) = partner / friend Metrum (in latin) = measurment The word ‘socimetry’ which comes from French to our language means as the effects of social life & friendship on an individual.
WHAT ARE THE PURPOSES OF APPLYING SOCIOMETRY? To learn the interaction & the structure of a group To discover where exactly an individual exists in that group To elicit social relationship and the organization type of a group through analyzing attitudes & aptitudes of group members among eachother To identify subgroups,leaders and cliques of a group To obtain objective information about the real structure of a group and group integrity.
The importance and functions of Sociometry It enables us to learn about the group dynamics and evaluate socialization levels of students after some social activities and their effects on reaching the intended goal. It helps school administration,teachers and counseling department by providing detailed information about the general structure & the social relationships of the group by preparing social plans & programmes to develop them in a better way and to find solutions to the problems. After applying these regulations,groups can be reconstructed to increase efficiency in their performance.
AREAS THAT SOCIOMETRY CAN BE APPLIED EDUCATION INDUSTRY SERVICE AND PUBLIC SECTOR, and sometimes even in: ARMY
SOME CHARACTER TYPES OBSERVED IN SOCIMETRY Leaders Isolated ones Rejected ones Groups in-pairs Cliques Relationships in-chain
Application of Socimetry A good and clear explanation should be made to express the aim of the technique before the application A friendly and attentive classroom atmosphere should be created. Class members should have known eachother since about 6 months to get valid&reliable results It must be applied to the students who can read and write
1. Presented by: Dr. Akhlas Ahmed Lecture # 08 Preston University ; 2 ...
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