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Published on February 27, 2008

Author: Goldie

Source: authorstream.com

COMM 3720.23, Authoring Web Pages (3) COMM 5410.23, Web Page Design (3) Dr. Frank E. Parcells, Instructor:  COMM 3720.23, Authoring Web Pages (3) COMM 5410.23, Web Page Design (3) Dr. Frank E. Parcells, Instructor UNIT III; Lecture #12: Downloading Files Online - Copyright for the Internet; Other Online Regulatory Issues & Concerns Copyright Law:  Copyright Law Copyright registration is handled by the Library of Congress, Copyright Office. http://www.copyright.gov/ Copyright protections begins from the time the work is published in a fixed form. The copyright in the work of authorship immediately becomes the property of the author who created the work. In the case of works made for hire, the employer and not the employee is considered to be the author. Works for Hire:  Works for Hire a work prepared by an employee within the scope of his or her employment; or a work specially ordered or commissioned for use as: a contribution to a collective work a part of motion picture or other audio-visual work a translation a supplementary work a compilation an instructional text a test answer material for a test an atlas Copyright Protection:  Copyright Protection To reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords; To prepare derivative works based upon the work; To distribute copies or phonorecords of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending; To perform the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works; To display the copyrighted work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work; and In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission. Copyright Rights:  Copyright Rights It is illegal for anyone to violate any of the rights provided by the copyright law to the owner of copyright. These rights, however, are not unlimited in scope. Copyright Qualifying:  Copyright Qualifying Copyright protects "original works of authorship" that are fixed in a tangible form of expression. The fixation need not be directly perceptible so long as it may be communicated with the aid of a machine or device. Copyrightable works include the following categories: 1. literary works; 2. musical works, including any accompanying words 3. dramatic works, including any accompanying music 4. pantomimes and choreographic works 5. pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works 6. motion pictures and other audiovisual works 7. sound recordings 8. architectural works Not Protected by Copyright:  Not Protected by Copyright Several categories of material are generally not eligible for federal copyright protection. These include among others: Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (for example, choreographic works that have not been notated or recorded, or improvisational speeches or performances that have not been written or recorded) Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans; familiar symbols or designs; mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, or coloring; mere listings of ingredients or contents Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship (for example: standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers, and lists or tables taken from public documents or other common sources) Forms of Copyright Notice:  Forms of Copyright Notice The notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all the following three elements: The symbol © (the letter C in a circle), or the word "Copyright," or the abbreviation "Copr."; and The year of first publication of the work. The name of the owner of copyright in the work, or an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of the owner. Copyright Terms:  Copyright Terms A work that is created (fixed in tangible form for the first time) on or after January 1, 1978, is automatically protected from the moment of its creation and is ordinarily given a term: enduring for the author's life plus an additional 70 years after the author's death. In the case of "a joint work prepared by two or more authors who did not work for hire," the term lasts for 70 years after the last surviving author's death. For works made for hire, and for anonymous and pseudonymous works (unless the author's identity is revealed in Copyright Office records), the duration of copyright will be 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter. Copyright Costs:  Copyright Costs The cost to register a typical copyrightable item is $30.00. Renewals and group registrations can cost up to $100.00. Generally, registration is not difficult or too expensive. Online Copyright:  Online Copyright The great increase of usage of the world wide web and the internet has increased the scrutiny of this information superhighway. New copyright issues have surfaced as a result, and the major impacts on copyright include: downloading copyrighted material; unauthorized uploading of copyrighted material; and, the liability of online services to help police copyright infringements. Internet Copyright:  Internet Copyright Generally, federal courts have upheld a recent interpretation of the Copyright Act for Internet web sites and graphics: merely posting images and documents online is sufficient in itself for Copyright protection for the author (creator or designer). User Advice of Copyrighted Materials:  User Advice of Copyrighted Materials While the concept of fair use exists, any copyrighted material intended to advance sales and profits of an organization should not be used unless permission is given. Copyrighted material should not be taken out of context. Permission is required to use video or audio segments from a web site. Photographers and freelance writers retain the rights to their works. Permissions and fees must be negotiated to use works for other purposes. Ideas cannot be copyrighted, but the expression of ideas can be copyrighted. Photographs of celebrities found online (alive or deceased) can only be used for promotion and publicity purposes with permission of the copyright holder. Government documents are not copyrighted. Permission must be obtained to use lyrics from popular songs. Original material on the web or Internet has copyright protection Other Internet Legal Concerns:  Other Internet Legal Concerns Adult Material: FCC’s Obscenity, and Indecency Privacy Rights Defamation SPAM - CanSPAM Act of 2003 Search and Seizure through ISP Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Credit Card (Financial Transaction) Abuse Child Pornography

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