LEC_Sleep_Psy211

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Information about LEC_Sleep_Psy211
Science-Technology

Published on January 10, 2009

Author: aSGuest10037

Source: authorstream.com

Sleep Disorders in Children : Sleep Disorders in Children Sleep Cycles Nature is full of cycles.As the Earth rotates we have cycles of sunlight and darkness. The moon has cycles. We also have cycles in our sleep. There are 5 stages in one sleep cycle. Each sleep cycle takes about 90 minutes. : Sleep Cycles Nature is full of cycles.As the Earth rotates we have cycles of sunlight and darkness. The moon has cycles. We also have cycles in our sleep. There are 5 stages in one sleep cycle. Each sleep cycle takes about 90 minutes. Sleep and You You can be your best when you get enough good sleep! Kids ages 5 to 12 need 10 to 11 hours of sleep each night.When you get enough sleep you can: Pay attention better in school Be creative and think of new ideas Fight sickness so you stay healthy Be in a good mood Get along with friends and family Solve problems better Without enough sleep you can: Forget what you learned Have trouble making good choices Be grumpy and in a bad mood Have trouble playing games and sports Be less patient with brothers, sisters, and friends Have trouble listening to parents and teachers : Sleep and You You can be your best when you get enough good sleep! Kids ages 5 to 12 need 10 to 11 hours of sleep each night.When you get enough sleep you can: Pay attention better in school Be creative and think of new ideas Fight sickness so you stay healthy Be in a good mood Get along with friends and family Solve problems better Without enough sleep you can: Forget what you learned Have trouble making good choices Be grumpy and in a bad mood Have trouble playing games and sports Be less patient with brothers, sisters, and friends Have trouble listening to parents and teachers Why We Sleep Sleep helps our body and brain develop and grow. : Why We Sleep Sleep helps our body and brain develop and grow. Can't Sleep?Most people have trouble sleeping once in awhile. Some things can keep you from getting a good night's sleep. But there are lots of things you can do to help yourself sleep well. : Can't Sleep?Most people have trouble sleeping once in awhile. Some things can keep you from getting a good night's sleep. But there are lots of things you can do to help yourself sleep well. Sleep TipsHere are some things you can do to help get a good night's sleep. : Sleep TipsHere are some things you can do to help get a good night's sleep. Sleep TrapsHere are some things that can keep you from getting a good night's sleep. : Sleep TrapsHere are some things that can keep you from getting a good night's sleep. DreamsEveryone dreams! : DreamsEveryone dreams! Scientists are not sure why we dream or what we dream. They do know that R.E.M. sleep is important for learning and memory. TV shows, video and computer games, real people, and actual events can show up in your dreams. Your dreams may be related to how you feel, your worries, your hopes, or things you are excited about. Nightmares : Nightmares Keep a dream journal.  When you wake up, write about or draw dreams you remember in your special journal. Have fun trying to figure out what your dreams mean! Stages of SleepSWS and REM : Stages of SleepSWS and REM The EEG “Rollercoaster” : The EEG “Rollercoaster” Age/Sleep Time : Age/Sleep Time Age and Sleep Time : Age and Sleep Time Age and REM Sleep : Age and REM Sleep Normal Sleep Patterns and Requirements : Normal Sleep Patterns and Requirements Newborns- sleep 16 to 18 hours a day, usually seven sleep periods. Infants- sleep 22 hours a day,20-30% REM sleep. Toddlers- 10-12 hours a day, 20-30% REM sleep. Preschoolers- 11-12 hours of sleep per night School Aged children- 8-12 hours at night. Continued : Continued Adolescents- 8-10 hours of sleep Young adults- 7-8 hours, may require less Middle Aged Adults- 6-8 hours per night Older Adults- 6 hours Common Sleep Disorders : Common Sleep Disorders Primary Sleep disorders- those in which the person’s sleep problem is the main disorder. Secondary Sleep disorder- sleep disturbance caused by another clinical disorder, such as thyroid dysfunction, depression , or alcoholism. Primary Sleep Disorders : Primary Sleep Disorders Insomnia- most common sleep disorder, inability to obtain an adequate amount or quality of sleep. Hypersomnia- Opposite of insomnia, excessive sleep, especially daytime. Narcolepsy- Sudden wave of overwhelming sleepiness that occurs during the day. Referred to as “sleep attack”. Continued : Continued Sleep Apnea- periodic cessation of breathing during sleep. Parasomnias- Behavior that may interfere with sleep. (somnambulism (sleep walking), sleep talking, Nocturnal enuresis, nocturnal erections, bruxism). Sleep Deprivation- prolonged disturbance results in decreases amount, quality, consistency of sleep. Assessment of Sleep : Assessment of Sleep Assessment relative to a client’s sleep includes a sleep history, sleep diary, a physical examination, and a review of diagnostic studies. Sleep History : Sleep History Usual sleeping pattern, specifically sleeping and waking times, hours of undisturbed sleep, etc. Bedtime rituals Use of sleep medications Sleep environment Changes in sleep pattern Sleep Diary : Sleep Diary Written record to be much more precise Total number of sleep hours a day Activities performed 2-3 hours before sleep Bedtime rituals Any worries that may affect client’s sleep Factors that client believes to be positive or negative towards sleep Sleep Laboratory Evaluation : Sleep Laboratory Evaluation Polysomnographic Studies (sensors) EEG (brain waves) EKG (heart rhythms) Eye movement (above/below eye) Leg movements Breathing (under nose, near mouth) Breathing effort and chest movement Oxygen levels (finger sensor) Night or daytime Treatment : Treatment Major goal for clients with sleep disturbances is to maintain a sleeping pattern that provides sufficient energy for daily activities.

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