Published on December 28, 2007
Slide1: INSTRUCTOR: Jules Janick Office 330, Horticulture Bldg Phone: 765-494-1329 Email: email@example.com Horticulture 306 HISTORY OF HORTICULTURE Lectures MWF 11:30 – 12:20 Room G52 Stewart Center https://webct.ics.purdue.edu Slide2: THE COURSE: A multi-disciplinary course that introduces students to the history of agriculture with special emphasis on horticulture. Because the history of agriculture and horticulture is so broad and so important to the development of civilization, the course will include a broad view of agricultural and horticultural technology in science, medicine, culture and art. The course objectives are: Slide3: 1. To survey the historical record of agriculture and horticulture from prehistory to the present. 2. To trace the origins and development of agriculture and horticulture and its relationship to modern civilization and culture. 3. To gain an appreciation for how agricultural and horticultural developments have influence modern science and technology. Slide4: GRADES: Grades will consist of two exams, take home quizzes, term paper, and a final. Final grade will be based on total points. Points: Exam 1 100 Exam 2 100 540-600 = A Quizzes 100 480-539 = B Term Paper 100 420-479 = C Final 200 360-419 = D Total 600 <359 = F Take home Quizzes: Delivered on Friday (download from webct) Must by in by Monday Can be turned in via an email attachment Slide5: COURSE OUTLINE Week 1. Origins of Agriculture Week 2. Origins of Crop Plants Week 3. Ancient Egyptian Agriculture Week 4. Mesopotamia and the Fertile Cresent Week 5. Agricultural Development in Asia Week 6. Agricultural Development in Pre-Columbian America Week 7. Greek and Roman Agriculture Week 8. Medieval Agriculture in Europe Week 9. Agriculture and Medicine Week 10. The History of Spices Week 11. Experimental Science Week 12. Agricultural Scientific Revolution Week 13. Horticulture, Politics, and World Affairs Weeks 14 and 15. Horticulture in Literature and Art Slide6: Lecture 1 Dating the Past: Geologic, Archeologic, Biologic, and Human Culture Slide7: Dating the Past (years ago) Slide8: Dating the Past (years ago) Slide9: Dating the Past (years ago) Slide10: Dating the Past (years ago) Slide11: The Emergence of Man Source: J.N. Leonard, 1973 First Farmers, Time Life Slide15: Current Era 1 Height of Roman Empire, Birth of Christ, Destruction of Pompei (79), Persecution of Christians, Emperor Constantine, Establishment of Christian dominance, Decline of Roman Empire 500 Rise of Islam, Dark Ages in Europe, Plague, Tang Dynasty in China, Sung Dynasty in China, Vikings 1000 Norman Conquest (1044), Cathedrals constructed, Genghis Khan, Ottoman empire in Turkey, Aztecs settle in Mexico, Printing press 1500 BEGINNING OF MODERN ERA, Printed Herbals, Columbus, Age of Exploration Slide16: 1600 William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Rembrant, Cromwell 1700 Gardens of Versailles, Issac Newton, US Revolution (1776), Carolus Linnaeus 1800 Thomas Andrew Knight: Beginning of Horticultural Science, Charles Darwin, Gregor Mendel; Birth of Genetics, Morrill Act 1900 Liberty Hyde Bailey – Wright Brothers flight – ASHS founded, Rediscovery of Mendel’s paper, Beginning of Genetics 1910 Thomas Hunt Morgan & Drosophila, Mechanization of Agriculture, World War I Slide17: 1920 Hybrid corn, vitamins, Rise of tractor in agriculture 1930 World Depression, Dust Bowl 1940 World War II, VE,VJ day, Cold War 1950 DNA Structure, Watson Crick, Korean Conflict, Genetic Code 1960 Herbicides, Vietnam Era 1970 Man on the Moon (1969), Green Revolution, Plasticulture, Tissue culture, Micropropagation 1980 Gene transformation, Molecular Biology 1990 Gulf War, computers, Information Revolution – Internet 2000 Genomics, Directed Mutation Slide18: Years ago 4.5 Billion Origin of Earth 3.5 Billion Origin of Life 1 Billion Oxygen-breathing Animals 200 Million Age of Dinosaurs 2 Million Tools Used by Early Man 1 Million Homo erectus Summary Dates to Remember Slide19: Years ago Dates to Remember 200,000 Neandertal, Cro-magnon 10,000 Neolithic Revolution 8,000 Agriculture Develops 5,000 Bronze Age-Pyramids-Stonehenge Writing begins 3,000 Iron Age 2,500 Golden Age of Greece 2,000 Common Era 1,500 Fall of Rome 1,000 Norman Conquest 500 Modern Times-Columbus 0 Genetic Code
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