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Learning Styles and Learning Objects for Higher Education Teaching

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Information about Learning Styles and Learning Objects for Higher Education Teaching

Published on May 5, 2007

Author: sarahswart

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Learn about learning styles and learning objects and their roles in effective teaching in higher education.
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Finding Electronic Learning Objects The Wheel May Not Need to Be Reinvented: Learning Styles and Digital Content By Sarah Lelgarde Swart, MM, MLIS Comput-Ease Solutions http://ces.vpweb.com

What You Will Learn 1. Learning Styles: What Are They 2. Learning Styles Strategies 3. Learning Objects Archives 4. Digital Libraries Repositories Abstract of this Presentation: Participants will understand learning styles and learn how to design course material and sites to accommodate multiple learning styles. Participants will learn how to evaluate learning objects for many disciplines which are already available for free or low cost.

Learning Styles Many different models of learning styles Basically, the way in which an individual learns (and by extension, teaches) David Kolb (1984) Activist, Reflector, Theorist, Pragmatist Types Felder & Silverman (1988) Neil Fleming (2001) Visual, Aural, Reading/Writing, Kinesthetic Types Related Psychological Research: Myers-Briggs, Enneagram

Many different models of learning styles

Basically, the way in which an individual learns (and by extension, teaches)

David Kolb (1984)

Activist, Reflector, Theorist, Pragmatist Types

Felder & Silverman (1988)

Neil Fleming (2001)

Visual, Aural, Reading/Writing, Kinesthetic Types

Related Psychological Research: Myers-Briggs, Enneagram

Principles of Learning Learning concepts Focus on VARK as the most specific model to online learning VARK addresses one aspect of the full spectrum of learning styles: how information comes to and is received by an individual

Learning concepts

Focus on VARK as the most specific model to online learning

VARK addresses one aspect of the full spectrum of learning styles: how information comes to and is received by an individual

Learning Styles Read/ Write Visual Aural Kines- thetic Multi- modal VARK http://www.vark-learn.com

Study and Teaching Strategies Visual Aural Read/Write Kinesthetic Diagrams and Charts White Space Video Images Lecture notes into learnable packages 3:1 Use all senses Examples Case Studies Talk over notes with another K person Add your own examples Role play your homework Make lists and glossaries Write out the words over and over Read your notes silently Turn diagrams and flows into words Tape your notes into a recorder Use recorded audio lectures Recall stories, examples, jokes Read your notes out loud V A R K Bulleted items are summarized from the Vark-learn.com Help Sheets

Diagrams and Charts

White Space

Video

Images

Lecture notes into learnable packages 3:1

Use all senses

Examples

Case Studies

Talk over notes with another K person

Add your own examples

Role play your homework

Make lists and glossaries

Write out the words over and over

Read your notes silently

Turn diagrams and flows into words

Tape your notes into a recorder

Use recorded audio lectures

Recall stories, examples, jokes

Read your notes out loud

Visual Learning Style (VARK) Lecturers who use gestures and picturesque language Pictures, videos, posters, slides Flow charts, Diagrams, and Pictures Graphs Different colors and highlighting White space To take in the information use the above techniques and reconstruct the images in other spatial arrangements Redraw pages from memory Convert lecture notes into learnable packages by reducing them 3:1 into picture pages Output for High Performance: draw diagrams; write exam answers; recall the pictures; practice turning visuals back to words Source: VARK Visual Study Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=visual

Lecturers who use gestures and picturesque language

Pictures, videos, posters, slides

Flow charts, Diagrams, and Pictures

Graphs

Different colors and highlighting

White space

To take in the information use the above techniques and reconstruct the images in other spatial arrangements

Redraw pages from memory

Convert lecture notes into learnable packages by reducing them 3:1 into picture pages

Output for High Performance: draw diagrams; write exam answers; recall the pictures; practice turning visuals back to words

Source: VARK Visual Study Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=visual

Aural Study Strategies (VARK) INTAKE Discussions and tutorials, explain new ideas to others Tape recorder Remember jokes, examples, stories Describe to someone who was not there Leave spaces in your notes for later recall and filling SWOT: Study without Tears Convert your notes to a learnable package by reducing them 3:1 Collect more notes from the textbook and readings Read your summarized notes aloud Explain your notes to another aural person Output for High Performance Imagine talking with the examiner Listen to your voices and write them down Speak your answers aloud Source: Aural Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=aural

INTAKE

Discussions and tutorials, explain new ideas to others

Tape recorder

Remember jokes, examples, stories

Describe to someone who was not there

Leave spaces in your notes for later recall and filling

SWOT: Study without Tears

Convert your notes to a learnable package by reducing them 3:1

Collect more notes from the textbook and readings

Read your summarized notes aloud

Explain your notes to another aural person

Output for High Performance

Imagine talking with the examiner

Listen to your voices and write them down

Speak your answers aloud

Source: Aural Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=aural

Read/Write Study Strategies (VARK) INTAKE Lists, headings, dictionaries, glossaries, definitions Handouts, textbooks, readings, notes, essays, manuals SWOT: Study without Tears Write out the words over and over Read notes silently again and again Organize diagrams, graphs, pictures into statements Turn charts and flows into words Imagine your lists arranged in multiple choice questions and distinguish from each OUTPUT FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE Write exam answers Practice with multiple choice questions Write paragraphs beginnings and endings Write your lists (a.b.c.d,1,2,3,4) Arrange your words into hierarchies Source: Read/Write Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=readwrite

INTAKE

Lists, headings, dictionaries, glossaries, definitions

Handouts, textbooks, readings, notes, essays, manuals

SWOT: Study without Tears

Write out the words over and over

Read notes silently again and again

Organize diagrams, graphs, pictures into statements

Turn charts and flows into words

Imagine your lists arranged in multiple choice questions and distinguish from each

OUTPUT FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE

Write exam answers

Practice with multiple choice questions

Write paragraphs beginnings and endings

Write your lists (a.b.c.d,1,2,3,4)

Arrange your words into hierarchies

Source: Read/Write Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=readwrite

Kinesthetic Study Strategies (VARK) INTAKE All your senses, labs, field trips, tours, real-life examples Hands-on approaches (simulations and computing) Trial and error, collections, solutions to problems Experience it so you can understand it SWOT: Study without Tears – Learnable Package Add examples and case studies to your notes Talk about your notes with another K Use pictures and photographs Go back to the lab or your lab manual Recall the experiments OUTPUT FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE Write practice answers and paragraphs Role play the exam situation in your own room Source: Kinesthetic Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=kinesthetic

INTAKE

All your senses, labs, field trips, tours, real-life examples

Hands-on approaches (simulations and computing)

Trial and error, collections, solutions to problems

Experience it so you can understand it

SWOT: Study without Tears – Learnable Package

Add examples and case studies to your notes

Talk about your notes with another K

Use pictures and photographs

Go back to the lab or your lab manual

Recall the experiments

OUTPUT FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE

Write practice answers and paragraphs

Role play the exam situation in your own room

Source: Kinesthetic Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=kinesthetic

Multimodal Study Strategies (VARK) Choice of modes to use depending on the situation if all four are equal or close to equal scores Refer to the highest study strategies for more information Questionnaire responses: 17 or more responses may mean that you have to sort through many choices to make to be effective 16 or less responses may enable you to go with the highest mode as though it were a single preference Source: Multimodal Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=multimodal

Choice of modes to use depending on the situation if all four are equal or close to equal scores

Refer to the highest study strategies for more information

Questionnaire responses:

17 or more responses may mean that you have to sort through many choices to make to be effective

16 or less responses may enable you to go with the highest mode as though it were a single preference

Source: Multimodal Help Sheet http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=multimodal

Matching Teaching Strategies Visual Aural Read/ Write Kines- thetic Use graphics and charts to illustrate points Include real life examples Assign interactive activities and discussions Provide audio lectures for use online later Assign discussion groups Add role play situations Practice tests and quizzes Written assignments and reflections Activities that create lists Case studies Role Plays Hands on approaches on models Practice on another person

Open Content Sources Finding Teaching Aids MERLOT Digital Libraries Archives TLT Group MIT OpenCourseware LTAs Library Digital Sources Open Course-ware Learning Object Repositories

Learning Object Repositories Learning object repositories are web sites that serve as a holding place for collections of teaching and learning objects. Some examples are linked below: Academic Health Centers MERLOT MIT Open Courseware Learning Objects Collections (U Wisc Madison) Campus Technology (info and links to repositories) New Media Consortium (links to repositories) Learning Interchange (Links with great search tool) Today we are going to focus on MERLOT and MIT but all are linked for your use.

Learning object repositories are web sites that serve as a holding place for collections of teaching and learning objects. Some examples are linked below:

Academic Health Centers

MERLOT

MIT Open Courseware

Learning Objects Collections (U Wisc Madison)

Campus Technology (info and links to repositories)

New Media Consortium (links to repositories)

Learning Interchange (Links with great search tool)

Today we are going to focus on MERLOT and MIT but all are linked for your use.

MERLOT Multimedia Educational Resources for Learning and Online Teaching Faculty contributes web based materials Peer reviewed Build your own “Personal Collections” More than 6,000 contributions across disciplines Free to link to sites and use in teaching

Multimedia Educational Resources for Learning and Online Teaching

Faculty contributes web based materials

Peer reviewed

Build your own “Personal Collections”

More than 6,000 contributions across disciplines

Free to link to sites and use in teaching

Discipline Examples from MERLOT and MIT OCW MERLOT LIST Function of the Cell Membrane (tutorial) --- Physiology of the Senses (tutorial) --- Applied Visualization (plotting and solving applets) Cut The Knot (extensive interactive mathematics lessons by topic) --- The Paper Project (teaching standards) --- Virtual Private Networks (drill and practice) --- Southwest Architecture (Research) MEDICINE BIOLOGY MATHEMATICS EDUCATION ENGINEERING ARCHITECTURE MIT OCW List Health Sciences List Biology Course List Mathematics Course List Use Keyword Search Click on specific engineering categories on left column of each page Architecture Course List

Digital Libraries Sources http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/matrix.html UC Berkeley http://infomine.ucr.edu/ INFOMINE from UC Berkeley collaboratorium http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ Tufts History Archive http://content.lib.washington.edu/search-collection-list.html Digital collections from U Washington http://moa.cit.cornell.edu/ Cornell University Digital collections

http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/matrix.html UC Berkeley

http://infomine.ucr.edu/ INFOMINE from UC Berkeley collaboratorium

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ Tufts History Archive

http://content.lib.washington.edu/search-collection-list.html Digital collections from U Washington

http://moa.cit.cornell.edu/ Cornell University Digital collections

Sources Learning Styles Felder & Silverman http://www.ncsu.edu/felder-public/Learning_Styles.html Fleming, Neil http://www.vark-learn.com Kolb, David A. http:// www.learningfromexperience.com Bibliography of works: http://learningfromexperience.com/research-library/ Open Content and Digital Libraries Academic Health Centers Learning Objects Initiative: http://www.pftweb.org/Reach/reach_home_frameset.htm MIT Open Courseware: http://ocw.mit.edu MERLOT: http://www.merlot.org Digital Libraries: see links on slide 17; search ALA site www.ala.org on ‘digital archives’

Learning Styles

Felder & Silverman http://www.ncsu.edu/felder-public/Learning_Styles.html

Fleming, Neil http://www.vark-learn.com

Kolb, David A. http:// www.learningfromexperience.com

Bibliography of works: http://learningfromexperience.com/research-library/

Open Content and Digital Libraries

Academic Health Centers Learning Objects Initiative: http://www.pftweb.org/Reach/reach_home_frameset.htm

MIT Open Courseware: http://ocw.mit.edu

MERLOT: http://www.merlot.org

Digital Libraries: see links on slide 17; search ALA site www.ala.org on ‘digital archives’

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