Published on July 7, 2009
Leadership in Research (PAN IIT 2008) Prof. Sandip Roy & Deepak Somani Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
The New Challenges Pg 2 Emergence of Increased institutional Trans-disciplinary networking: sharing forms of knowledge expertise & facilities The New Paradigms Increased private Ingress of commercial research funding; higher paradigms in stake-holders’ academia expectations Page 2
IITB Annual R&D Revenues Pg 3 (2002-08) 600 Annual R&D Funding Annual R&D Revenue (INR million) 500 400 300 200 100 0 % of Industry 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Year Funding 30 25 % R&D revenue from Industry 20 15 10 5 0 Page 3 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Year
Comparative R&D Revenues Pg 4 (2007-08) % Amount from industry 15 % 6% Amount (in Cr INR) 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 10 % 0 1 2 3 MIT UCBerk.(UCB) IITB Page 4
Resource vs. Performance (2000-05)Pg 5 Citations per faculty Research grants/faculty (PPP adjusted) 45 40 •40 Rs lakhs/year MIT 110 2-3 MIT UCB IITB UCB 105 Patents obtained IITB 14 102 64 •60 4 MIT UCB IITB Page 5
Present Gaps Pg 6 Attracting and Inadequate R&D motivating talent Performance Inadequate research Lack of clear benchmarks measure portfolio on R&D productivity Limited relevance of IITs’ Weak IIT-industry research outputs for linkages local users Addressing expectations Fixing time-frames of industry funded projects deliverables / confidentiality /royalty payment Page 6
A Question of Strategy? Pg 7 Low national R&D investment < 1% of GDP G-7 R&D investment ~ $ 500 b/yr Ours $ 2 b/yr… How to gain R&D competitiveness? IITs: A story of high-tech fetishism! Moving away from high-tech fetishism: encourage a mixed research portfolio Innovative R&D strategies: produce more for less! Help scale-up / commoditize R&D Props: Institutional R&D focus and Government funding policies Page 7
India’s GDP Composition (2007) Pg 8 60 50 40 % of GDP 30 20 10 0 Agricultur 1 e ss S1 Industry 2 Services 3 India’s Mission-oriented Where may IITs focus? R&D Successes Non-global Technologies: Non-farm technologies, Agricultural Machinery, Agriculture, Nuclear Energy, Railway Equipment, Urban Transport Space Systems, Infrastructure, Chemicals… Page 8
Proposed Changes in Ecosystem Pg 9 Internal focus External alignment Improve and implement a Align inter-disciplinary research stronger system for evaluating programs with industry needs in research productivity: award focus weights to consulting, tech PANIIT- Industry Portal to enhance transfer, patents, publications IIT-Industry & cross IIT exchange (differential emphasis for junior and interaction & senior faculty) Academia-industry showcasing of Consider monetary measure in expertise: seminars, exhibitions, evaluation of faculty R&D impact technology meets, etc Establish differential recognition Disseminate IIT research outputs for research with local impact though R&D magazines / portals / Establish a parallel option for exhibits / tie-ups with press teamed, developmental work with focused deliverables Page 9
Validation Pg 10 Fix measures of research productivity / impact Evolve policy Benchmark measures Record measures Evaluate at individual and R&D Impact institutional level Page 10
Possible Research Value Measures Pg 11 Annual per capita project outlay publication patents technologies developed / transferred etc R&D consulting revenue Revenue from patents, technologies transferred Research impact intensity: monetary return; advancement of state-of-art Page 11
Sources Pg 12 Sandip Roy, “Paradigm Shifts and Other Demons” in UPDATE, IIT Bombay, December 2002. http://www.ircc.iitb.ac.in/~webadm/update/archives/December_2002/Commentary.htm Sandip Roy, “Networking the Academia and the Industry” in UPDATE, IIT Bombay, April 2003. http://www.ircc.iitb.ac.in/~webadm/update/archives/April_2003/commentary.html Sandip Roy, “The Academia in Transition” in UPDATE, IIT Bombay, December 2003 http://www.ircc.iitb.ac.in/~webadm/update/archives/December03/academia.html Reports of the IIT Review Committees www.vigyan.org.in/research/asci/contents_graphs.htm#1 (Indian R&D Statistics) Science & Engineering Indicators (NSF, USA, Global R&D Statistics) http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/c6/c6s3.htm (Global R&D Trends) World Bank Reports on Global R&D Trends / Indicators (http://www.worldbank.org/) Page 12
www.paniit2009.org 2003 : San Jose 2004 : New Delhi 2005 : Washington DC 2006 : Mumbai 2007 : Santa Clara 2008 : Chennai 2009 Chicago! Page 13
Join the Revolution! www.paniit2009.org Page 14 Register for Pan IIT 2009, Chicago
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