Leadership Ethics and The Integrity Capa

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Information about Leadership Ethics and The Integrity Capa
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Published on December 30, 2008

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LEADERSHIP ETHICS: THE INTEGRITY CAPACITY CHALLENGE : LEADERSHIP ETHICS: THE INTEGRITY CAPACITY CHALLENGE Dr. Joseph A. Petrick Executive Director Institute for Business Integrity Wright State University Leadership Ethics Lecture Series Ohio Northern University March 7, 2007 AGENDA : AGENDA A. Leadership Ethics and Rebuilding Stakeholder Trust B. Integrity Capacity Model for Leadership Development 1. Leadership Process Integrity Capacity 2. Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity 3. Leadership Developmental Integrity Capacity 4. Leadership System Integrity Capacity C. Microeconomic and Macroeconomic Improvements 1. Improved Microeconomic Moral Accountability 2. Improved Macroeconomic Moral Accountability D. New Agenda for Responsible Leadership Leadership Ethics and Rebuilding Stakeholder Trust : Leadership Ethics and Rebuilding Stakeholder Trust Ethical Leadership Failures Literature on Leadership is Vast. Need For a Current Working Definition of Leadership Need for a Current Working Model of Moral Leadership Working Definition of Leadership : Working Definition of Leadership Leadership is an influence process, both visible and invisible, in a society inherited, constructed, and perceived as an interaction of persons in human (and inhuman) conditions of partnership and/or inequality – an interaction measured by ethical values and by the degree of realization of intended, comprehensive, emergent, balanced and sustainable change. Integrity Capacity Model of Moral Leadership : Integrity Capacity Model of Moral Leadership The individual and collective capability for repeated process alignment of moral awareness, deliberation, character and conduct that demonstrates balanced judgment, enhances sustained moral development, and promotes supportive systems for moral decision making. Integrity Capacity Model of Moral Leadership : Integrity Capacity Model of Moral Leadership Individual and Collective Integrity Capacity as both Intrinsically and Instrumentally Valuable Integrity Capacity as an Intangible Strategic Asset that Enhances Power and Reputational Capital Instrumental Value of Leadership Integrity Capacity : Instrumental Value of Leadership Integrity Capacity Leadership Integrity Capacity Reputational Capital Sustainable Competitive Advantage, Multiple Stakeholder Trust & World-Class Performance Dimensions of Leadership Integrity Capacity : Dimensions of Leadership Integrity Capacity 1. Leadership Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence 2. Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity: Moral Soundness 3. Leadership Developmental Integrity Capacity: Moral Maturity 4. Leadership System Integrity Capacity: Moral Wholeness Leadership Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence : Leadership Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence The alignment of individual and/or collective leadership moral awareness, deliberation, character, and conduct on a sustained basis, so that moral coherence results. Leadership Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence : Leadership Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence MORAL AWARENESS Perception Sensitivity MORAL DELIBERATION Analysis Resolution MORAL CHARACTER Cognitive Readiness to Act Volitional Readiness to Act MORAL CONDUCT Responsible Sustainable Virtues That Build Leadership & Collective Character : Virtues That Build Leadership & Collective Character 1. Intellectual Virtues 2. Moral Virtues 3. Social Virtues 4. Emotional Virtues 5. Political Virtues Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity: Moral Soundness : Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity: Moral Soundness The balanced and inclusive use of key ethics theories and their subordinated cognate theoretical resources in the analysis and resolution of individual and/or collective ethical issues that demonstrate the moral soundness of leadership judgment. Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity (R2C2): Moral Soundness : Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity (R2C2): Moral Soundness External Internal Control Flexibility Achieve Good Results Follow Right Rules Build Virtuous Character Enhance Supportive Contexts Slide 14: Positive & Negative Zones of Leadership Moral Judgment Integrity (R2C2) Character Context Results Rules Negative Zone Amoral Professionalism Negative Zone Positive Zone Wastes Energy Disrupts Continuity Destroys Cohesion Offends Individuals Stifles Progress Neglects Possibilities Slows Production Abdicates Authority Collects Information Maintains Structure Provides Structure Initiates Action Acquires Resources Envisions Changes Facilitates Interaction Shows Consideration Slide 15: Leadership Judgment Integrity Capacity Based on Respecting Four Human Nature Drives Character Context Results Rules Negative Zone Amoral Professionalism Negative Zone Positive Zone DRIVE TO DEFEND DRIVE TO ACQUIRE DRIVE TO LEARN DRIVE TO BOND Ranges of Moral Judgment Evaluation using R2C2 ™ : Ranges of Moral Judgment Evaluation using R2C2 ™ Quantitative Qualitative Anchors Ranges 0 – 1 Extremely Unacceptable Under-emphasis 2 Unacceptable Under-emphasis 3 Minimally Acceptable Emphasis 4 Below Average Emphasis 5 Average Emphasis 6 Above Average Emphasis 7 Optimal Emphasis 8 Unacceptable Over-emphasis 9 – 10 Extremely Unacceptable Over-emphasis Judgment Integrity Capacity Graph & Global Leadership Ethics Communication : Judgment Integrity Capacity Graph & Global Leadership Ethics Communication DILBERT CEO LACK OF LEADERSHIP JUDGMENT INTEGRITY CAPACITY : DILBERT CEO LACK OF LEADERSHIP JUDGMENT INTEGRITY CAPACITY Slide 19: Context Results Character Rules Flexibility External Internal Control (INVOLVEMENT) (ADAPTABILITY) (EFFECTIVENESS) (CONTINUITY) LEADERSHIP EXTREME CONCERN FOR PROFITS Leadership Developmental Integrity Capacity: Moral Maturity : Leadership Developmental Integrity Capacity: Moral Maturity The organizational and extra-organizational cultural cognitive improvement of individual and/or collective leadership moral reasoning capabilities from a stage of self-interested connivance, through a stage of external conformity, and onto a stage of internalized commitment to moral principles that demonstrates moral maturity. Leadership Moral Development Stages & Their Work Cultures : Leadership Moral Development Stages & Their Work Cultures Principled Integrity Democratic Participation HOUSE OF COMPLIANCE HOUSE OF MANIPULATION Allegiance to Authority Popular Conformity Machiavellianism Social Darwinism (Conformity) (Connivance) HOUSE OF INTEGRITY (Commitment) Leadership Moral Development Stages & Leadership Theories : Leadership Moral Development Stages & Leadership Theories Principled Integrity Democratic Participation Path-Goal/Transactional Leadership Theories Allegiance to Authority Popular Conformity Machiavellianism Social Darwinism (Conformity) Autocratic Coercive Power Leadership Theories Principled Transforming Leadership Theories Leader-Membership Exchange Theories Majority Participation and Servant Leadership Theories Institutional Contingency Leadership Theories Leadership System Integrity Capacity: Moral Wholeness : Leadership System Integrity Capacity: Moral Wholeness The development and alignment of the moral infrastructure within the organization and the shaping of the external moral environment of the leader’s organization to provide a supportive context for moral wholeness in decision making. Leadership and Internal System Integrity Capacity : Leadership and Internal System Integrity Capacity Organizational Moral Environment Compliance-Based Systems Prevent Criminal Misconduct U.S. Federal Sentencing Guidelines (USFSG) Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) Integrity-Based Systems Enable Responsible Conduct Compliance-Based Organization Internal Systems : Compliance-Based Organization Internal Systems 1. Establish compliance standards and procedures 2. Assign high level individuals to oversee program 3. Exercise due care in delegating discretionary authority 4. Communicate and train Compliance-Based Organization Internal Systems : Compliance-Based Organization Internal Systems 5. Monitor, audit, and provide safe reporting system 6. Enforce appropriate discipline with consistency 7. Respond to offences and prevent further misconduct Comply with USFSG & SOX requirements Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems : Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems 1. Moral Leadership at the Top Ethics Needs Assessment & Compliance Standards in Place 3. Ethics in Strategy and Structure 4. Integrity Steering Committee Statement of Values/Written Code of Conduct 6. Ethics Policy and Procedure Manuals Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems : Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems 7. Ethics in Selection, Socialization, and Performance Subsystems 8. Ethics in Appraisal, Rewards/Recognition/Incentive, and Development Subsystems Ethics in Communication Processes and Work Attitudes Ethics Training and Education Programs Ethics in Decision-Making/Meeting Processes Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems : Integrity-Based Organization Internal Systems 12. Organizational Integrity Advisor Responsibilities 13. Ethics Reporting, Whistleblower Protection and Conflict Resolution Processes 14. Enforcement Processes of Ethical Standards 15. Ethics Monitoring, Auditing & Improving Subsystems Ethics System and Quality Work Process Control and Improvement Ethical Leadership Assessment Instrument : Ethical Leadership Assessment Instrument Listens to what employees have to say Disciplines employees who violate ethical standards 3. Conducts his/her personal life in an ethical manner 4. Has the best interests of employees in mind 5. Makes fair and balanced decisions Ethical Leadership Assessment Instrument : Ethical Leadership Assessment Instrument 6. Can be trusted 7. Discusses business ethics or values with employees 8. Sets an example of how to do things the right way in terms of ethics 9. Defines success not just by results but also by the way that they are obtained When making decisions, asks “what is the right thing to do?” Source: M.E. Brown et al. / Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes (2005) 97:117–134 External System Integrity Capacity : External System Integrity Capacity 1. Domestic External Moral Environment Corruption Elimination and/or Control Industry & Professional Standards Proactive Positive Stakeholder Relations & Triple Bottom Line Accountability 2. Global External Moral Environment Corruption Elimination and/or Control Industry & Professional Standards Proactive Positive Stakeholder Relations & Triple Bottom Line Accountability Improved Microeconomic Moral Accountability : Improved Microeconomic Moral Accountability A. Individual Leadership Accountability Improvement 1. Demonstrated Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence 2. Demonstrated Judgment Integrity Capacity: Moral Soundness 3. Demonstrated Developmental Integrity Capacity: Moral Maturity 4. Demonstrated System Integrity Capacity: Moral Wholeness Improved Microeconomic Moral Accountability : Improved Microeconomic Moral Accountability A. Collective Leadership Accountability Improvement 1. Demonstrated Process Integrity Capacity: Moral Coherence 2. Demonstrated Judgment Integrity Capacity: Moral Soundness 3. Demonstrated Developmental Integrity Capacity: Moral Maturity 4. Demonstrated System Integrity Capacity: Moral Wholeness Improved Macroeconomic Moral Accountability : Improved Macroeconomic Moral Accountability A. Professional Association/Industry Accountability Improvement 1. Strengthen leadership professional education 2. Strengthen leadership for institutional reform 3. Strengthen professional/industry/education accountability links B. Political Economy Accountability Improvement 1. Balancing types of capitalism/economic democracy 2. International leadership harmonization through global business, government & NGO linkages 3. Domestic & global governance board reforms Slide 36: Balancing Types of Capitalism Community Capitalism Entrepreneur Capitalism Investor Capitalism Regulatory Capitalism Negative Zone Amoral Professionalism Negative Zone Positive Zone DRIVE TO DEFEND DRIVE TO ACQUIRE DRIVE TO LEARN DRIVE TO BOND New Agenda for Responsible Leadership in Organizations : New Agenda for Responsible Leadership in Organizations National commission with task forces on improving microeconomic levels of leadership integrity capacity accountability International commission with task forces on improving macroeconomic levels of leadership moral accountability Integrity capacity building skills in mainstream leadership professional education LEADERSHIP ETHICS: THE INTEGRITY CAPACITY CHALLENGE : LEADERSHIP ETHICS: THE INTEGRITY CAPACITY CHALLENGE Dr. Joseph A. Petrick Executive Director Institute for Business Integrity Wright State University Leadership Ethics Lecture Series Ohio Northern University March 7, 2007

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