Laurie Garrett infectious plus chronic short

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Information about Laurie Garrett infectious plus chronic short
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Published on August 8, 2007

Author: Mahugani

Source: authorstream.com

Examples of Trends:  Examples of Trends Chronic Disease: Overweight and Obesity Epidemic: United States (Developed World) Infectious Disease: AIDS/Tuberculosis: (Developing World) War/Violence Environmental Contamination Common Themes: Issues of Public Health Infrastructure Population Shifts: Suburbanization/Urbanization Political Will Slide2:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4' woman) Slide3:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1988 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4' woman) Slide4:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4' woman) Slide5:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4' woman) Slide6:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4' woman) Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2002:  Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002 *BMIandgt;30 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10. Slide8:  Diabetes Prevalence, 1991-92 Slide9:  Diabetes Prevalence 2000 Slide10:  Hours of TV Viewed Daily 1960-1992 Millions of Person-Miles in Automobiles, 1970-1990 Percent of Workforce in Sedentary Occupations, 1950-1996 800 k-calories/day decrease in 20 years Emergence of an Inactive Society Population shifts:Suburbanization of the U.S., 1990-98:  Population shifts: Suburbanization of the U.S., 1990-98 The Burden of Physical Inactivity:  The Burden of Physical Inactivity The Problem 27% of adults are sedentary 61% of adults are overweight 1 in 4 adults is obese The Outcome Obesity, CVD, Cancer, Diabetes Physical inactivity is a primary factor in over 250,000 deaths annually. Medical costs associated with physical inactivity and its consequences may exceed $76 billion annually. Data Sources: 2000 BRFSS, 1999 NHANES, Powell 1994, Pratt et. al. 2000 Physical Inactivity and Overweight Trends Among Youth:  Physical Inactivity and Overweight Trends Among Youth 1 in 3 high school youth do not engage in vigorous physical activity Less than 30% attend daily physical education 1 in 7 Youth ages 6-19 is Overweight Children watch more t.v. in a year than attend school The Disappearing Walk to School:  The Disappearing Walk to School 1 in 4 trips made by 5-15 year olds are for the journey to and from school. Only 10% of these trips are made by walking and bicycling. Of school trips one mile or less, about 28% are walk-based and less than 1% are bike-based. 1995 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey Children Are Walking Less and Becoming Increasingly Overweight:  Children Are Walking Less and Becoming Increasingly Overweight Surface Transportation Policy Project Data Analysis - 2001 Slide16:  Slide17:  The Developing World:  The Developing World 1 Billion People Out of a Global Population of 6 Billion Presently Live in Slum-like Conditions. Slide19:  Slide20:  Women with HIV:  Women with HIV Effects of AIDS on Family:  Effects of AIDS on Family HIV Cases Worldwide:  HIV Cases Worldwide AIDS Mortality:  AIDS Mortality Life Expectancy Rate:  Life Expectancy Rate “Chimney Effect”:  'Chimney Effect' Economic Devastation:  Economic Devastation Slide28:  Slide29:  Drawing Blood w/out Gloves:  Drawing Blood w/out Gloves Reuse of Contaminated Instruments:  Reuse of Contaminated Instruments Slide32:  Black Market Pharmaceuticals:  Black Market Pharmaceuticals How Pharmaceuticals Spend Their Money:  How Pharmaceuticals Spend Their Money

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