Latin America geography

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Information about Latin America geography

Published on November 23, 2007

Author: Gabir


Latin America:  Latin America At a Glance:  At a Glance Latin America:  Latin America a region that was influenced by Spanish/Portuguese settlers 1/6 of world’s land surface Runs for 5,500 miles From Rio Grande to Cape Horn In between have Mexico 7 countries of Central America 13 island nations 12 countries of South America Lies between Pacific and Atlantic Oceans Map of Latin America Geographical features:  Geographical features Mountains Plains Rivers Rain Forests Deserts Mountains:  Mountains Dominate much of Latin America One chain called La Cordillera In Mexico split and are called Sierra Madre Occidental Sierra Madre Oriental Sierra Madre del Sur South America The Andes 4000 miles/Longest continuous mts chain in the world/back bone of South America In Peru In Argentina Copper Canyon in Mexico Problems Mts. cause:  Problems Mts. cause Block communication Travel is difficult Loyalties and ties with region rather then to nation Mts are young and still developing = volcanic eruptions/earthquakes/avalanche Earthquake in Mexico City - 1985 Plains:  Plains Coast and inland plains Two of the most important Pampas of Argentina Llanos of Colombia and Venezuela Argentine Pampas:  Argentine Pampas Spread almost 500 miles north to the Salado del Norte River and south to the Colorado River In the east the Pampas are hot, west they are dry Domain of the gaucho = person who works with cattle Late 1800s way of life disappeared One of the breadbaskets of the world Cereals/cattle/pigs Llanos of Colombia and Venezuela:  Llanos of Colombia and Venezuela From the delta of the Orinoco River in Venezuela westward into southern Colombia Made up of level areas, rolling plains and low mesas (broad flat elevated areas) Cattle major economic activity Rivers:  Rivers Five major river systems Magdalena in Colombia Orinoco in Venezuela Amazon in Brazil Sao Francisco in Brazil Rio de la Plata in Argentina Rain Forest:  Rain Forest Mostly near the Equator Stay green all year-round Rainy and hot More kinds of trees and animals than any other area of the world Largest/oldest = Amazon Basin Covers 1/3 of South America Deserts:  Deserts Patagonian and Monte deserts of Argentina Atacama Desert in Chile One of the driest in the world No vegetation grows People in towns have never seen rain Patagonian Desert Atacama Desert Atacama Desert Antiplano of Southern Peru:  Antiplano of Southern Peru Santiago Mayan Women:  Santiago Mayan Women Igauza Falls, Argentina:  Igauza Falls, Argentina Walking Palm Tree, Costa Rico’s Rain Forest:  Walking Palm Tree, Costa Rico’s Rain Forest Rain Forest Parrot:  Rain Forest Parrot Brazilian Rain Forest:  Brazilian Rain Forest Volcano in Ecuador:  Volcano in Ecuador Andres Mountains, Chile:  Andres Mountains, Chile

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