advertisement

Late Middle Age Growth of Royal Power

46 %
54 %
advertisement
Information about Late Middle Age Growth of Royal Power

Published on April 3, 2008

Author: vtucker

Source: slideshare.net

Description

An overview of the growth of royal power in Britain and France during the Late Middle Ages, as well as information about Spain and Russia
advertisement

Britain, France, Spain and Russia

Norman Conquest (1066 A.D.) 1066 A.D.- Anglo-Saxon king Edward dies – brother in law Harold chosen to rule Duke William of Normandy challenged throne – supported by Pope Battle of Hastings – William vs. Harold – William won and became king as William the Conqueror (King William I)

Norman Conquest (1066 A.D.)

1066 A.D.- Anglo-Saxon king Edward dies – brother in law Harold chosen to rule

Duke William of Normandy challenged throne – supported by Pope

Battle of Hastings – William vs. Harold – William won and became king as William the Conqueror (King William I)

 

William the Conqueror (William I) (r. 1066-1087 A.D.) Feudal lord with vassals – vassals had to pledge first loyalty to him – granted fiefs but kept most land for himself Compiled the Domesday Book, a census of the land, for tax collection

William the Conqueror (William I) (r. 1066-1087 A.D.)

Feudal lord with vassals – vassals had to pledge first loyalty to him – granted fiefs but kept most land for himself

Compiled the Domesday Book, a census of the land, for tax collection

 

King Henry II (r. 1154-1189 A.D.) Created a royal exchequer to collect taxes Sent out traveling justices to enforce laws – called Common law because it was the same for all people Early jury system- men sworn to tell the truth determined what cases should be brought to trial

King Henry II (r. 1154-1189 A.D.)

Created a royal exchequer to collect taxes

Sent out traveling justices to enforce laws – called Common law because it was the same for all people

Early jury system- men sworn to tell the truth determined what cases should be brought to trial

King John (r. 1199-1216 A.D.) Clashes with church - interdict of England by Pope Innocent III– England a fief to Rome Magna Carter (Great Charter) – 1215 A.D. – confirmed feudal rights – gave nobles rights (later given to common people) and established monarchs must obey the law Formation of Parliament – began as a council for advice – soon became a two house Model Parliament of nobles and middle class

King John (r. 1199-1216 A.D.)

Clashes with church - interdict of England by Pope Innocent III– England a fief to Rome

Magna Carter (Great Charter) – 1215 A.D. – confirmed feudal rights – gave nobles rights (later given to common people) and established monarchs must obey the law

Formation of Parliament – began as a council for advice – soon became a two house Model Parliament of nobles and middle class

 

The Capetians Hugh Capet- elected to rule in 987 A.D. Hugh and successors strengthened royal power and added to their lands Effective bureaucracy of tax collectors and officials who imposed royal law – keeping order gave Capetians the support of the middle class

The Capetians

Hugh Capet- elected to rule in 987 A.D.

Hugh and successors strengthened royal power and added to their lands

Effective bureaucracy of tax collectors and officials who imposed royal law – keeping order gave Capetians the support of the middle class

Philip Augustus (Philip II) (r. 1179-1223 A.D.) Used paid officials in government jobs rather than nobles to ensure loyalty Created new cities by charter Organized standing army Began a national tax Gained former English territory such as Normandy and land in southern France

Philip Augustus (Philip II) (r. 1179-1223 A.D.)

Used paid officials in government jobs rather than nobles to ensure loyalty

Created new cities by charter

Organized standing army

Began a national tax

Gained former English territory such as Normandy and land in southern France

Louis IX (r. 1226-1270 A.D.) Used officials who checked on local administrators Outlawed private wars - ended serfdom in his lands France became a centralized monarchy

Louis IX (r. 1226-1270 A.D.)

Used officials who checked on local administrators

Outlawed private wars - ended serfdom in his lands

France became a centralized monarchy

Philip IV (r. 1285-1314) Taxed French clergy and angered the Pope When Pope died, a Frenchman became Pope and was moved to Avignon so rulers could control religion Set up the Estates-General in 1302 A.D. Representative body Contained members of the clergy, nobles, and townspeople Sometimes the King would consult

Philip IV (r. 1285-1314)

Taxed French clergy and angered the Pope

When Pope died, a Frenchman became Pope and was moved to Avignon so rulers could control religion

Set up the Estates-General in 1302 A.D.

Representative body

Contained members of the clergy, nobles, and townspeople

Sometimes the King would consult

100 Years War (1337-1453 A.D.) Wars between France and England English rulers wanted to keep old French lands - French kings wanted French lands Both sides took advantage of the use of the crossbow – England had the longbow – France also began to use the cannon

100 Years War (1337-1453 A.D.)

Wars between France and England

English rulers wanted to keep old French lands - French kings wanted French lands

Both sides took advantage of the use of the crossbow – England had the longbow – France also began to use the cannon

 

Joan of Arc, age 17 in the year 1429 A.D., said God gave her the duty to save France Led the army against the English Brought about several French victories Taken captive by English and burned at the stake as a witch English defeated by the French

Joan of Arc, age 17 in the year 1429 A.D., said God gave her the duty to save France

Led the army against the English

Brought about several French victories

Taken captive by English and burned at the stake as a witch

English defeated by the French

 

Reconquista Christian kingdoms North wanted Muslims out to “reconquer” the land – largely successful Isabella and Ferdinand Completed the reconquista in 1492 A.D. Wanted religious and political unity No religious toleration of Muslims or Jews Inquisition to try heresy

Reconquista

Christian kingdoms North wanted Muslims out to “reconquer” the land – largely successful

Isabella and Ferdinand

Completed the reconquista in 1492 A.D.

Wanted religious and political unity

No religious toleration of Muslims or Jews

Inquisition to try heresy

 

 

Princes of Moscow in power after Mongols Ivan the Great (r.1462-1505 A.D.) Absolute rule – adopted Byzantine customs – took on the name czar (tsar), Russian for Caesar Limited boyars, or nobles, power Ivan the Terrible (r. 1547-1584 A.D.) Introduced serfdom – granted land to nobles for military/other service Oprichniki- “terror” agents who imposed laws

Princes of Moscow in power after Mongols

Ivan the Great (r.1462-1505 A.D.)

Absolute rule – adopted Byzantine customs – took on the name czar (tsar), Russian for Caesar

Limited boyars, or nobles, power

Ivan the Terrible (r. 1547-1584 A.D.)

Introduced serfdom – granted land to nobles for military/other service

Oprichniki- “terror” agents who imposed laws

Add a comment

Related pages

Late Middle Ages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Late Middle Ages or late medieval period was the ... centuries of prosperity and growth in ... Crisis of the Late Middle Ages; Little Ice Age;
Read more

Chapter 9 - Southwest Career and Technical Academy

Growth of Royal Power in England and France ... Age of Exploration Scientific Revolution ... late Middle Ages?
Read more

England in the Middle Ages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

England in the Middle Ages concerns the history of ... restoring his father to power. Late Middle Ages ... Edward I reestablished royal power, ...
Read more

State and Society in the High Middle Ages

Since the late Roman Empire, ... Instead of weakening royal power, ... Byzantium in the High Middle Ages: The growth of tarde in Western Europe was ...
Read more

The Late Middle Ages - Bloomsburg University of ...

The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and ... increased in the High Middle Ages, population growth had exceeded the ... came of age, he tried to restore royal ...
Read more

Chapter 8: The High and Late Middle Ages

Chapter 8: The High and Late Middle Ages Section 1: Royal Power Grows, pages 244-250 1. ... 23. How did the Capetians strengthen royal power? 24.
Read more

Social Classes in the Middle Ages | Middle Ages

Social Classes in the Middle Ages, ... Royals had complete power over the land and political and economic decisions during the Middle Ages. Kings.
Read more

Economy in the Late Middle Ages: Agriculture and ...

III The Emergence of a Regional Framework in the Early and High Middle Ages: Power, ... Late Middle Ages: Agriculture and Industries; VIII Economic Growth ...
Read more

CHAPTER 8 Note Taking Study Guide - PHSchool.com

Note Taking Study Guide ROYAL POWER GROWS ... power. In the late 1200s, ... Note Taking Study Guide ...
Read more