Published on February 29, 2008
Having Fun With Landscapes: Having Fun With Landscapes Having Fun with your Landscape and knowing about style...: Having Fun with your Landscape and knowing about style... Realism painting exactly what you see as it appears. Impressionism painters paint how the subject feels. Surrealism Fantastic images coming from the subconscious mind and placed in ordinary settings. Art Styles: Art Styles Art can be divided or classified into many styles. When a group of artists create art that is similar in the following ways: Content - for example, landscapes Message - for example how light influences the mood Style - for example, impressionist style Then you can say the artists all belong to a school of thought. They agree that their method and philosophy is the best way. Classifying Periods in Art: Classifying Periods in Art The birth of art – Prehistoric Art – 25,000B.C. – cave paintings, Venus of Wilendorf, Stonehenge Renaissance – (Michelangelo, DiVinci) means ‘rebirth’ this was a time when artists gained great fame. Their subject was representing the human figure realistically. 19th Century – (Goya, Constable, Turner) Styles come and go and “isms” or a way of doing something. Romanticism, Impressionism, Realism, etc. 20th Century – (Matisse, Picasso) Modern Art – Cubism, abstract 20th Century and Beyond – (Andy Warhol) This is our culture and your generation can set the tone of art… Landscapes: Landscapes Many famous artists chose landscapes as their primary focus. Sometimes artists studied landscapes in their geographic area their entire life. From their observations they made hundreds of sketches and many developed drawings and paintings. Write down two examples of other areas of study which an artist can focus on. 1) 2) Famous Landscape Painter: J.M.W. Turner: Famous Landscape Painter: J.M.W. Turner Early Morning, by John Constable – 1819 – the Tate Gallery in London. Times of day, like sunset or sunrise as well as moonlight and daylight give a different mood to your paintings. J.M.W. Turner - The Grand Canal, Venice – 1835 – Metropolitan Museum of Art: J.M.W. Turner - The Grand Canal, Venice – 1835 – Metropolitan Museum of Art An artist can be moved to paint familiar places and also locations of historical, industrial, and natural value. J.M.W. Turner: Slave Ship: J.M.W. Turner: Slave Ship This painting depicts the burning of dead and dying slaves as they are thrown overboard. What value does this painting have for us today? J.M.W Turner – Mini biography: J.M.W Turner – Mini biography Turner, John Mallord William (1775-1851). One of the finest landscape artists was J.M.W. Turner, whose work was exhibited when he was still a teenager. His entire life was devoted to his art. Unlike many artists of his era, he was successful throughout his career. Joseph Mallord William Turner was born in London, England, on April 23, 1775. His father was a barber. His mother died when he was very young. The boy received little schooling. His father taught him how to read, but this was the extent of his education except for the study of art. By the age of 13 he was making drawings at home and exhibiting them in his father's shop window for sale. Turner was 15 years old when he received a rare honor--one of his paintings was exhibited at the Royal Academy. By the time he was 18 he had his own studio. Before he was 20 print sellers were eagerly buying his drawings for reproduction. He quickly achieved a fine reputation and was elected an associate of the Royal Academy. In 1802, when he was only 27, Turner became a full member. He then began traveling widely in Europe. Venice was the inspiration of some of Turner's finest work. Wherever he visited he studied the effects of sea and sky in every kind of weather. Famous Artist: John Constable was influenced by J.M.W. Turner: Famous Artist: John Constable was influenced by J.M.W. Turner Brighton Beach, Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Famous Artist: John Constable: Famous Artist: John Constable He painted the places he knew and loved best, particularly Suffolk and Hampstead, where he lived from 1821. He used blobs of pure white or yellow to catch sunlight and the drama of storms with a rapid brush. People who liked Constable’s work said they did because his paintings were picturesque, of fine color and he painted the weather very well. Here is a quote from Henry Fusili who was inspired to paint like Constable: “I like de way he is picturesque, using fine colors; the weather makes me want to grab my coat and rain boots.” J.M.W Turner & John Constable: J.M.W Turner & John Constable Can you guess what style J.M.W Turner and John Constable painted in? realist Looking at 3 Styles and the possibilities…: Looking at 3 Styles and the possibilities… Realism – If you choose this style, look at the paintings of John Constable, J.M.W Turner or Gainsborough. 2) Impressionism – If you choose this style look at Monet, Manet, Cezanne. (You can also research Expressionism and look at the works of Vincent Van Gogh) 3) Surrealism – Salvatore Dali or Joan Miro Impressionist Painters: Impressionist Painters The impressionist style of painting is about painting the general impression produced by a scene or object. Impressionist artists use unmixed primary colors and small strokes to reproduce actual reflected light. Impressionism, French Impressionism, a major movement, first in painting and later in music, that developed chiefly in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Impressionist painting was started by a group of artists who shared the same way of painting. The most famous Impressionist painters were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, Armand Guillaumin, and Frédéric Bazille, who worked together, influenced each other, and exhibited together independently. Edgar Degas and Paul Cézanne also painted in an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s. The established painter Édouard Manet, whose work in the 1860s greatly influenced Monet and others of the group, himself adopted the Impressionist approach about 1873. Claude Monet – Waterlilies – from his gardens at Givenchy, France - 1906: Claude Monet – Waterlilies – from his gardens at Givenchy, France - 1906 21st Century Impressionistic Artist: 21st Century Impressionistic Artist Santa Cruz Sunset, California Greg Fetler Surrealism: Salvatore Dali, Volcano Eruption: Surrealism: Salvatore Dali, Volcano Eruption Surrealism is a style in which fantastic pictures used with no intention of making any sense. Founded by Andre Breton in 1924, it was a primarily European movement. The Surrealist circle was made up of many of the great artists of the 20th century, including Max Ernst, Man Ray, Joan Miro, and Salvador Dali Butterflies by Salvatore Dali: Butterflies by Salvatore Dali Creation, by Salvatore Dali: Creation, by Salvatore Dali Untitled, by Salvatore Dali: Untitled, by Salvatore Dali How to get started: How to get started Do not loose the handout. Read it thoroughly, and use it as a guide for completing this project. Use you laptop to organize your notes, thoughts and biography research for this project. Your will turn this in for a grade along with your landscape. Take a few minutes to look at your landscape sketch. Jot down you impressions you get about your drawing. Decide on what you will add to your drawing. You can start over if you want to. Complete several sketches to use in your final drawing. Visit the website on the parts of a drawing and Define: foreground, middleground and background. Then lay a piece of tracing paper over your landscape sketch and identify these places in your landscape. Decide on a style and artist to study. Compare your style with theirs. Write down some thoughts. Jot down notes on how you will render your drawing: pencils, graphite, charcoal, decide on a value scale or color palette. Use the internet to do research on the technique you want to master. Locate a color wheel on the internet and print yourself a copy. Use your laptop and the internet to complete a mini biography on the artist of your choice. This can be completed in one 90 minute class period. Include birth and death of the artist. At least 5 key facts about the artist and 2 images of your favorite work by that artist and why you like it. Work on your landscape. Parts of a drawing: Parts of a drawing http://www.artgalleryofwindsor.com/artsearch/en/students/activities/foremidback/ Go to this site and find out about: Foreground Middleground Background Go to: http://www.teachartathome.com/colpencil.html: Go to: http://www.teachartathome.com/colpencil.html The direction of your stroke (in any medium) will add movement and feeling to your drawing. Observe the swirling strokes in Vincent van Gogh's "Starry Night". See how they create a feeling of movement to the sky! Direction of your pencil or brush stroke adds movement and mood to your artwork.: Direction of your pencil or brush stroke adds movement and mood to your artwork. In a colored pencil drawing, the direction of your strokes will create the following sensations: VERTICAL: Creates a feeling of calm - like a steady rainfall is covering the page. An entire composition can be rendered this way for an interesting feel. Horizontal Strokes: Horizontal Strokes HORIZONTAL: Will "widen" the composition in the viewer's eye. I only recommend this for parts of a drawing, like a peaceful lake. Diagonal Lines: Diagonal Lines DIAGONAL: Creates tension and a stormy feeling.