Landscape Design- E. Killinger

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Information about Landscape Design- E. Killinger
Education

Published on March 24, 2014

Author: ekillinger1

Source: slideshare.net

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Elizabeth's presentation from 3-24-14

Know how. Know now.Know how. Know now.Know how. Know now. Landscape Design By: Elizabeth Killinger Extension Educator Extension is a Division of the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln cooperating with the Counties and the United States Department of Agriculture. University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension educational programs abide with the nondiscrimination policies of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and the United States Department of Agriculture.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Landscape Design 101  Landscape design principles  Plant Considerations  Designing  Landscaping mistakes

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Landscape Design Principles  Order/Design Framework  Balance  Repetition  Proportion/scale  Rhythm  Unity  Emphasis

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Order/ Design Framework  The big picture  Achieved by using a consistent design theme (formal, informal, natural)  Grouping plants help enhance, usually in odd numbers  Does it make sense?  Is there a quality of ‘one-ness?’

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Balance  Two common types- Symmetrical- has a central axis, most common, easy to design Asymmetrical- uses different shapes and sizes on either side of the axis, but still gives visual balance

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Repetition  Repeating any element- color, form, texture, particular plant, or a plant grouping  Most common mistake is trying to use too many different plant species.  Repetition contributes to rhythm

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Proportion/Scale  Relative Scale- size relationship between different landscape elements  Absolute Scale- the relation of a design element to a human, affects how you feel in a landscape  Intimate or “distant”  Small perennials get lost in large spaces  Large perennials overwhelm small spaces  Scale is always a relationship

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Rhythm  Organized movement  May be visual, the eye is pulled through the landscape, or physical, moves the person though the landscape through stepping stones or pathways

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Unity  Physical linking of various landscape elements  Achieved in many ways- using the blue containers to bring out the blue color of the front door, using a line for edges of beds and sidewalks  Repetition and unity work together to create a whole landscape

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Emphasis  Focal points  Spark interest and draw attention when viewing a landscape as a whole  Each major area has a focal point  Focal points draw interest so be sure it is an area you want attention drawn to.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Plant Considerations  Environmental Requirements/ Growing Environment  Aesthetic Quality Form Texture Color

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. The Growing Environment  Climate—Macro and micro  Temperature and slopes  Sun and slopes  Moisture and slopes  Wind and slopes  Soils and slopes  Pests and pathogens  Management practices Kim Todd

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Aesthetic Quality  First the place  What do you have and what do you want? Desired function and actual function Growing environment Management  Then the plants  By scale and form and texture Kim Todd

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Consider the Growing Environment

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Whatever…

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd From This Place

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Sun Worshippers

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Under Cover (of Darkness)

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Water Lovers

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Rock On

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd Hold Me

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd I Want to Live Forever…

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Kim Todd

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Aesthetic Quality What do you LIKE?  Blend in or stand out  Trendy or traditional  Structured or casual balance  From THIS place or THAT  Colorful or subdued Kim Todd

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Form  What works for this space?  Same forms  Different sizes  Different textures  Different colors  Contrasting forms  One is dominant Kim Todd

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Texture  Lasts beyond color  Any form and size can be any texture  Usually changes seasonally  Can be high contrast or subtle  Is seen in relation to its surroundings

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Texture  Too little contrast blurs lines and diminishes individuality  Too much contrast reduces continuity and makes every plant a show-off

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Using Texture  Bold textures move forward  Fine textures recede  Color becomes its own overlay if it is a pattern

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Jack Frost and Sedum

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Color  Changes with time of day, time of year, weather conditions, maturity of plant or plant part  May be fleeting— unless it’s green  Can be its own focal point

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. What Affects Color?  Light  Proximity  Texture  Background  Contrast

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Understanding Color  Traditional color wheel contains 12 colors  3 Primary  3 Secondary  6 Tertiary www. cyber-prof.com

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Warm Up or Cool Down  Warm  Yellow undertone  Energetic  Advance and stand out  Cool  Blue undertone  Calm  Recede and blend in

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Choosing Colors  Hue  The color itself, with no black or white  Value  Luminosity  Amount of dark (shade) or light (tint)  Intensity  Brightness

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Simple Combinations  Complimentary  Across from each other  Strong contrast  Split complimentary  Either side of a complimentary color  Contrast, but not as much

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Split Complementary

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. More Combinations  Triad  Equidistant on the color wheel Middle-of-the-road  Analogous  Next to each other Harmonious but may not contrast enough  Monochromatic  Shades and tints of the same color

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Triads Equidistant on the color wheel

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Primary

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Hot Colors

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Cool Colors

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Analogous Next to each other Harmonious but may not contrast enough

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Monochromatic Shades and tints of the same color

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Blenders  Colors that allow visual transition  Subtle, toned-down  A tint or shade of a dominant color  A neutral color

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Classic Combos  Blue, silver, yellow  Pastels  Jewel tones  Whites  Green is a color…

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Sugar-Sweet Pastel

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Jewel Tones

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Season of Interest  Emphasize a season in a single spot with texture and color  Change focal emphasis with time

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. All-Season Interest  Combine woody and herbaceous plants  Use hardscapes and garden elements  Look from all vantage points  Screen unsightly objects for all seasons  Leave seedheads

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Show-offs/ Focal points  Sweeps, overlapping masses, and backdrops let the odd ones show  Only the most dramatic plants placed properly in relation to their friends deserve center stage

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Designing  Starting Point  Designing Ideas  Landscape Use Areas  Concept Plan  Symbols  Full Blown Design

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Starting Point  What is already there? Is there existing plant material Where are the sight lines  Do a site analysis and base map

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. What is already there?  Site Analysis and Base map should include: Existing plant material A direction and scale An idea of all hardscapes and structures Property lines, sight lines, utilities Any noticeable slopes, drop offs, low areas Views- both the keep and screen Potential problems of the sight. Measurements

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Base Map vs. Site Analysis Base Map  Contains existing materials  hardscapes and plant materials  Site lines  Property lines  Structures Site Analysis  Contains information about the site  Slope  Winds  Aspect  Utilities Often done on the same drawing

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Practice  Draw a base map/ site analysis for a portion of the room Share with your neighbor

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Are you Ready?  Do you think you are ready to start designing? Remember  Many contributing factors can be from surrounding environments.

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Get Ideas  Questions to ask What do you have in mind for this space? What do you want to get out of this landscape? What type of style do you like or dislike? Function of the Landscape Others?

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Designate Landscape Use Areas  Public  What the public sees from the street. Main purpose it to frame the house and create an inviting landscape  Private/ Family area  Take into account privacy, year-round interest, climate control, (possibly) play area  Service/ Utility  Compost, garbage

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Landscape Use Areas

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Concept Plan  Bubble diagram for ideas that you have for the space.  Very broad, doesn’t name plant materials only designates the areas

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols  Symbols help to convey your vision Shading Understory plantings Directions Groupings

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Which one would you choose? Most clients choose with their eyes when it comes to landscape design

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. North Arrow and Scale

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Plan View  A bird’s eye-view of the landscape  Center dots locate plants in a design  Plants in a grouping often have their center dots connected to show a mass planting

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Plan View  Tell you what is to be done with a plant

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Plan View  Size of the canopy relates to the size of the plant

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Plan View

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Plan View

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Elevation View  Easier to relate to an elevation view than to a plan view  Always include a person or other object for scale in a elevation view

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Elevation View

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Symbols- Elevation View

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Adding Texture

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now.  A legend gives good insight to the plants and their symbols

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Landscape Design  Start inserting plants based upon their form and what they are going to do for the space, then meet the requirements of the client; fruit bearing, red color…

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Landscaping Mistakes  Poor Scale or Proportions  Looking in a bubble  Plant ping-pong  Too Much  Volcano Mulch  Bad angles/placement  Dead horse berm

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. So many more so little time…  Poor installation  Poor management  Mowing the lawn too short  Poor plant choices/locations  Topiary/animal shrubs  House hugging foundation plantings  Topping Trees!

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Resources  Home Landscaping: Understanding the basics of landscape design. EC1254  Landscape Sustainability. G1405  Landscapes for Shade. G1341

University of Nebraska–Lincoln Know how. Know now. Thank you.  Any questions?

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