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lakshmi wireless

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Published on November 15, 2007

Author: Lassie

Source: authorstream.com

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Long-distance Wireless The Hope, the Hype and The Highway:  Long-distance Wireless The Hope, the Hype and The Highway Lakshminarayanan Subramanian UC Berkeley & Intel Research (with input from the TIER group!) “The technology life cycle has three stages – hype, disillusionment and application.” -- Bob Lewis, Volkswagen:  “The technology life cycle has three stages – hype, disillusionment and application.” -- Bob Lewis, Volkswagen The TIER take on long-distance wireless: “ Disillusionment is not the truth” -- Mason Cooley, aphorist The Hope:  The Hope Basic Network Setting:  Basic Network Setting Directional antenna:  Directional antenna Focus signal in a specific direction Directional links can provide roughly a few Mbps bandwidth over 50-100 kms The necessity for adoption:  The necessity for adoption For a technology to be adopted in the large-scale, it should: Offer something new Have a significant economic advantage to competing technologies Long-distance wireless can provide both! What’s new? Build a wireless backhaul network offering good bandwidth over 100-200km regions Economic advantages Cheap, low initial deployment cost The potential market…:  The potential market… Cheap networking infrastructure to rural regions in developing countries Challenges No power No infrastructure low purchasing power Requirements Low cost Low power Reasonable bandwidth Why long-distance wireless?:  Why long-distance wireless? Wireless vs Fiber Fiber provides much more bandwidth but has high setup cost Fiber ill suited for low population densities Intranet vs Internet Local Intranet applications like health-care, e-governance can be established! Fixed wireless vs Mobile wireless Point-to-point vs Omni-directional Need lower power for directional links Longer range Better performance Types of Technologies:  Types of Technologies Key: Use affordable technologies mass-produced standardized technologies are generally affordable! Computer networking industry WiFi (802.11) WiMax (802.16) Other commercial technologies WipLL, CorDect Telecommunications industry CDMA 450 CDMA 1xEVDO –data protocol for CDMA GPRS - Part of the GSM standard Satellite Networks The Hype:  The Hype Performance problems:  Performance problems Bad TCP performance over a single 802.11 link from Berkeley->SFO! Frequent timeouts due to bursty loss patterns Performance variability Link characteristics are variable! Other problems:  Other problems Reliability Unlike fiber, difficult to provide 99+% availability! Maintenance Link-repairs Labor charges (operating expenses can be high!) Limits of Multi-hop networks Performance degradation Deployment hassles Line of sight, terrain (water), antenna alignment The Highway (the road ahead):  The Highway (the road ahead) Questions…:  Questions… How to achieve good performance? MAC issues Multi-hop issues Understanding the wireless channel behavior How to ease deployment? Addressing line of sight challenges Are these technologies economically viable? Need for economic analysis What applications do they enable? Rural Telemedicine A specific example application:  Rural Telemedicine A specific example application Lack of doctors in rural regions 1 rural clinic for every 50000 people in Africa! Need to travel long distances Specialists are only present in big cities Time is ripe now… Nearest town is less than 200 kms away! Long-distance wireless can be an enabler Availability of cheap medical diagnostic devices Direct video interaction is possible Feasible bandwidth Mobile hospitals Real-time telemedicine:  Real-time telemedicine Requirements Good audio+video-conferencing capabilities Real-time medical data transmission + feedback The Remote Ultrasound Challenge Challenge #1: Data size Data compression/ transmission Challenge #2: Real-time feedback on image quality Challenge #3: Remote 3D reconstruction Need to ensure 2D images are good quality Networking Challenges:  Networking Challenges Rest of the session:  Rest of the session Case study “Aravind: Long-distance WiFi for telemedicine” – Sonesh Surana Technologies “802.11: MAC challenges and System Design Issues” – Rabin Patra and Michael Rosenblum “Performance analysis of CDMA 450 Backhaul Networks” – Sergiu Nedevschi “Optimal Antenna Steering” – Omar Bakr Economic Aspects “Economic Analysis of Long-haul Wireless Networks” –Shridhar Mubaraq Mishra Long-distance wireless: an example:  Long-distance wireless: an example

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