advertisement

Labour in Philippine Informal Economy

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about Labour in Philippine Informal Economy
Education

Published on December 6, 2008

Author: ledacelis

Source: authorstream.com

advertisement

Slide 1: COUNTRY REPORT PHILIPPINES ‘LABOUR IN THE PHILIPPINE INFORMAL ECONOMY’ Slide 2: LEDA CANELLADA CELIS TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (t u c p) And Philippine agricultural commercial and industrial workers union –(Paciwu-tucp) Slide 3: Ever heard the story of a great ship – whose engine failed? Slide 4: The ship'sowners tried one expert after another, but none of them could figure how to fix the engine. Slide 5: Then they brought in an old man. An informal sector worker who had no formal training but has been fixing ships since he was a youngster. He carried a large bag of tools with him, and when he arrived, he immediately went to work. He inspected the engine very carefully, top to bottom Slide 6: Two of the ship's owners were there, watching this man, hoping he would know what to do. After looking things over, the old man reached into his bag and pulled out a small hammer. He gently tapped something. Instantly, the engine lurched into life. He carefully put his hammer away. The engine was fixed! Slide 7: A week later, the owners received a bill from the old man for ten thousand dollars. Slide 8: "What?!" the owners exclaimed. "He hardly did anything!“ So they wrote the old man a note saying, "Please send us an itemized bill." Slide 9: The old man sent a bill that read: Tapping with a hammer ......................... $2.00 Knowing where to tap ............................. $9998.00 Slide 10: Lessons learned from the story?? Slide 11: The Philippine INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL SECTOR : INFORMAL SECTOR OPERATED BY OWN ACCOUNT WORKERS (SELF EMPLOYED), (UNPAID FAMILY AND OCCASSIONAL HIRED WORKERS; OPERATED BY EMPLOYERS WHICH MAY EMPLOY LESS THAN 10 EMPLOYEES; APPROXIMATELY 25 MILLION WORKERS OR 78.34% OF THE COUNTRY’S TOTAL WORKFORCE (LFS, 2005) SECTOR IS HIGHLY HETEROGENOUS; PRODUCTION UNITS OF DIFFERENT FEATURES AND IN WIDE RANGE OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES AS WELL AS PEOPLE WORKING OR PRODUCING UNDER MANY TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS AND PRODUCTIVE ARRANGEMENTS; INFORMAL ACTIVITIES : INFORMAL ACTIVITIES UNLICENSED TRADING MANUFACTURING/ SERVICES BACKYARD FARMING SMALL SCALE FOOD MANUFACTURING CLOTHING WOOD PRODUCTS OPERATION OF TRICYCLES, TAXIS, JEEPNEYS, BANCAS MONEY CHANGING AND LENDING LEASING OPERATIONS SUBCONTRACTING CATERING SERVICES AMBULANT PEDDLING PLACEMENT AGENCIES SMALL SCALE HOUSEHOLD PROCESSING GOLD PANNING TAILORING AND DRESS SHOPS (HOME-BASED) MICRO-ENTREPRENEURS/ PETTY RETAILERS BARTER TRADERS SMALL SCALE MINERS/ QUARRY WORKERS/ SMALL LAND FARMERS NON-CORPORATE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS/ BARKERS/ VOLUNTEER WORKERS ENTERTAINERS, BEAUTICIANS, DHELPER, HAIRDRESSERS/ LAUNDRY PERSONS INFORMAL SECTOR ACTIVITIES : INFORMAL SECTOR ACTIVITIES INFORMAL ECONOMY (CONTRIBUTIONS) : INFORMAL ECONOMY (CONTRIBUTIONS) ABSORBS THE UNEMPLOYED, DISPLACED WORKERS, CONTRIBUTES AT LEAST 1/3 OF THE TOTAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT(GDP); PRODUCTIVE FACILITATED FLOW OF TECHNOLOGY EVEN IN AREAS WHERE THERE IS NONE, OR iMPOSSIBLE TO EXIST; READILY AVAILABLE MANPOWER EVEN IN TECHNICAL AND ENGINEERING AREAS; WORKING CONDITIONS : WORKING CONDITIONS KNOWN TO BE MOST NUMEROUS BUT THE LEAST PROTECTED; NO MINIMUM WAGE NO OVERTIME PAY NO NIGHT DIFFERENTIAL NO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING NO HEALTH INSURANCE NO PENSION SYSTEM NO DEATH AND ACCIDENT BENEFITS NO COMMERCIAL SPACE TO RENT VERY LITTLE OVERHEAD NO TAXES TO PAY VERY LITTLE HIRED LABOR NO BUSINESS PROCESSING EXPENSES Slide 17: WORKING CONDITIONS OFTEN SUBJECT TO EXPLOITATION OF UNSCRUPULOUS EMPLOYERS; AT BOTH FORMAL AND INFORMAL, THEY ARE MADE TO WORK AT LONG HOURS AT VERY LOW WAGES AND WITHOUT BENEFITS; WORK ENVIRONMENT IS NOT SUBJECT TO REGULATION AND MONITORING AFTER EXPOSING THEM TO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH HAZARDS. WORKERS AND SELF-EMPLOYED OWNERS ARE NOT REGISTERED WITH THE SSS; NOT ELIGIBLE TO BENEFIT FROM FORMAL SECURITY SCHEMES MANDATED BY LAW SINCE THEY HAVE NO CONTRIBUTIONS LIKE TAXES, LICENCES AND OTHER GOVERNMENT FEES. VERY LOW LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION AND TECHNOLOGY UNDER REPRESENTED IN POLICY MAKING BOIDES RELEVANT TO THEIR SOCIAL PROTECTION; WORKING CONDITIONS : WORKING CONDITIONS IN SUMMARY, THE WORK IS CHARACTERIZED BY: LONGER HOURS; INSECURITY; LOWER INCOMES; HAZARDOUS WORKING CONDITIONS COVERAGE OF LABOR LAWS : COVERAGE OF LABOR LAWS THE PHILIPPINE LABOR CODE CATERS ONLY TO FORMAL EMPLOYMENT; hence, THERE IS LACK OF PROVISION IN THE LABOR CODE THAT COVERS THE SECTOR; SECTOR IS STILL PART OF THE WORKING SECTOR WHICH CONCERNS ARE PURELY WORK RELATED AND THEREFORE FALLS WITHIN THE JURISDICTION OF THE CODE; THERE IS LOGIC THEREFORE IN THEIR INCLUSION TO THE LABOR CODE. DECENT WORK AND PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT AS AN EXPLICIT OBJECTIVE OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND AS CENTRAL TO POVERTY REDUCTION; COVERAGE OF LABOR LAWS : COVERAGE OF LABOR LAWS THERE IS LOW AWARENESS ON LABOR STANDARDS AMONG WORKERS AND EMPLOYERS IN INFORMAL SECTOR ENTERPRISES; STRICT OR FORCED LABOR STANDARDS IS FEARED TO LEAD TO CLOSURES AND UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNDER EMPLOYMENT IN THE COUNTRY. IN ACCORDANCE WITH DOLE DEPT. ORDER NO. 57-07,2004 COMPLIANCE OF LABOR STANDARDS IS NOW VOLUNTARY IN BIG ENTERPRISES (WITH 200 OR MORE WORKERS) INSPECTION IS MAINTAINED IN ENTERPRISES WITH 10-199 WORKERS WITH PRIORITIES IN WORKPLACES THAT ARE SUBJECTS OF COMPLAINTS, HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH, THOSE EMPLOYING WOMEN AND CHILDREN AND CONSTRUCTION SITES; Slide 21: RATIONALE FOR INCLUSION OF INFORMAL WORKERS TO THE PHILIPPINE LABOR CODE LABOR CODE IS A STATUE THAT PROMOTES SOCIAL JUSTICE THAT WORKS BY ‘HUMANIZING LAWS, EQUALIZING SOCIO-ECONOMIC FORCES BY THE STATE SO THAT JUSTICE IN ITS RATIONAL AND OBJECTIVELY SECULAR CONCEPTION MAY AT LEAST BE APPROXIMATED; THE INFORMAL SECTOR REMAINS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF THE LIVES OF A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE, GENERATING JOBS, AND PROVIDING AFFORDABLE GOODS AND SERVICES; THOSE WHO FALL UNDER THE SECTOR ARE VULNERABLE WORKERS STRUGGLING TO SURVIVE THE ONSLAUGHT OF GLOBALIZATION, THE CODE WILL PROTECT THEIR INTERESTS, SOCIAL SECURITY, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH, ETC. Slide 22: DRIVERS FOR IMPROVING WORKING CONDITIONS OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR: ABSENCE OF LOCAL LABOR STANDARDS AND INDUSTRY CODES; DEGREE OF ADVOCACY AND ENFORCEMENT OF LABOR PROTECTION MEASURES BY THE LOCAL PARTNERS AT THE LGU LEVEL – LOCAL TRIPARTITE COUNCILS, SOCIAL ACCORDS AND ACCEPTED PRACTICES BY LOCALITY AND INDUSTRY GUILDS/ ASSOCIATIONS, ETC. TIE UP WITH FORMAL PRIVATE SECTOR ENTERPRISES OR INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES THAT UPHOLD OR REQUIRE LABOR STANDARDS COMPLIANCE; PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF WORKERS ORGANIZATIONS IN INFORMAL WORKPLACES LIKE TRADE UNIONS, COOPS, CRAFTS UNIONS/GUILDS AND PEOPLE’S ORGANIZATIONS; LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF CONSUMERS AND CONSUMER GROUPS ON LABOR PROTECTION AND STANDARDS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON CONSUMER WELFARE AND EARNINGS OF WORKER-CONSUMERS. SPECIAL LAWS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : SPECIAL LAWS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR BARANGAY MICRO BUSINESS ENTEPRISE LAW; THE COOPERATIVE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE THE COMPREHENSIVE AGRARIAN REFORM LAW AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES MODERNISATION ACT MAGNA CARTA FOR SMALL FARMERS SOCIAL REFORM AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION ACT HOW TO ENHANCE THE SPECIAL LAWS IMPLEMENTATION : HOW TO ENHANCE THE SPECIAL LAWS IMPLEMENTATION FOR TRIPARTITE COUNCILS, INDUSTRY , ASS’NS, BUSINESS GUILDS, COOPERATIVES AND OTHER FORMS OF ASSOCIATIONS OF SME’S MUST BE PROMOTED AT THE LGU’S OR INDUSTRY LEVEL; A NEED FOR MORE VIGILANCE AMONG CIVIL SOCIETY SECTORS FOR ADVOCACY AND CORRECT ENFORCEMENT OF LABOR PROTECTION LAWS IN THE INFORMAL SECTOR. (SOME LAWS ARE NOT ENFORCED PROPERLY, MISINTERPRETED, OR MINIMIZED LABOR PROTECTION IS PROVIDED. NEED TO ENFORCE THESE LAWS THROUGH MORE EFFORTS BY GOVERNMENT, CIVIL SOCIETY AND PRIVATE SECTOR; FOR MICRO ENTERPRISE WITH LESS THAN 10 WORKERS, DOLE’S POLICY IS TO PARTNER WITH THE NGO’S AND LGUS IN PROVIDING CONSULTANCY AND TRAINING SERVICES TO HELP IMPROVE WORKING CONDITIONS; PRACTICES AT THE LGU LEVEL THAT PROMOTES LABOR PROTECTION TO INFORMAL SECTOR : PRACTICES AT THE LGU LEVEL THAT PROMOTES LABOR PROTECTION TO INFORMAL SECTOR SIMPLIFIED LGU REGISTRATION PROCEDURES, TAX STRUCTURE AND COLLECTION SYSTEM; PROMOTIONAL INSPECTION STRATEGIES OF LGU’S PROVIDING ECONOMIC INCENTIVES TO ENCOURAGE REGISTRATION FACILITATING MEMBERSHIP IN SSS, PHILHEALTH, ETC. ASSISTANCE TO INFORMAL SOCIAL PROTECTION SCHEMES ESTABLISHING LGU-BASED TRIPARTITE COUNCILS. TRADE UNION EXPERIENCE IN ORGANIZING THE INFORMAL SECTOR : TRADE UNION EXPERIENCE IN ORGANIZING THE INFORMAL SECTOR LARGEST CONFEDERATION OF LABOR IN THE PHILIPPINES WITH MEMBERS ACROSS INDUSTRIES FROM MANUFACTURING TO AGRICULTURE INCLUDING THE INFORMAL SECTOR AND OFWs DEDICATED TO Building democratic trade union organizations; Strengthening capacities and skills of workers; Instilling nationalism, solidarity, equity and social responsibility Improving the working conditions and the workers, their families and communities Slide 27: COMMITTED TO: Developing critical cooperation with government; Advocating for an economic policy which promotes national interest and international competitiveness; Further strengthening internal and international solidarity and cohesiveness among the union of the world. PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR ADVOCACY WORKS AND PRACTICAL MEASURES FOR THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN HOMEWORKERS AND CHILDREN AGAINST EXPLOITATION, SEXUAL HARASSMENT AGAINST DISCRIMINATION AND ABUSE PROMOTION OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES LIKE ACCESSTO RESOURCES, CREDITS, TECHNOLOGY AND TRAINING; ACCESS TO SOCIAL SECURITY, MEDICARE AND INSURANCE PROGRESSIVE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR INCLUDING MONITORING COMPLIANCE WITH THE ILO CORE STANDARDS. RESEARCH, INFORMATION, BUILDING SKILLS, ADVOCACY, ALTERNATIVE STRUCTURES, MONITORING CASES. PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR SERIOUS STUDY ON POSSIBLE AMENDMENTS TO LABOR LAW AND PRACTICE; ADVOCATE FOR IMPROVED GOVERNMENT SERVICE, POLICIES AND PROGRAMS; ISSUES CONCERNING HOMEWORKERS LIKE SEXUAL HARASSMENT, DISCRIMINATION CHILD LABOR; LAWS AFFECTING OFW’S; IMPROVEMENT OF GENERAL JUSTICE SYSTEM; SOME CONCERNS REGARDING ELECTORAL PROCESS. PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR INITIATIVE TO CREATE THE INFORMAL SECTOR COALITION OF THE PHILIPPINES WITH ACTIVITIES SUCH AS: APPRECIATION OF CHILD LABOR AS A LABOR ISSUE IN WORKPLACES AND COMMUNITIES; PASSAGE OF LEGISLATIVE MEASURES AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE STRUCTURES TO CURB CHILD LABOR PRACTICES ADOPTION/REVIEW OF POLICIES TO IMPROVE ENFORCEMENT OF ANTI-CHILD LABOR LAWS; PROGRESSIVE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR CHILD LABOR RESCUE PROGRAM : CHILD LABOR RESCUE PROGRAM DISCOVERY AND RESCUE OF 8 MINORS EMPLOYED IN A PIGGERY FARM; IDENTIFICATION AND RESCUE OF 3 MINORS AND 28 OTHER BONDED WORKERS IN AN ISRAELI-OWNED GARMENT FACTORY (CHILDREN HELD CAPTIVE UNDER HAZARDOUS AND VERY POOR WORKING CONDITIONS AND NOT PAID OF SALARIES); DISCOVERY OF 20 CHILDREN BELOW 18 YEARS OLD WHO WERE MADE TO DO DANGEROUS WORK AND ARE EXPOSED TO HAZARDOUS WORK CONDITIONS IN A HANDICRAFT FACTORY. TUCP PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : TUCP PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR FILING OF CASES WITH DOLE, AND OTHER APPROPRIATE AGENCIES REGARDING LABOR STANDARDS VIOLATIONS; ADVOCACY FOR POLICY CHANGES (DOLE’S POLICY IN HANDLING CHILD LABOR CASES);] LOBBIED FOR INCLUSION OF CHILD LABOR AS COMPONENT TO NATIONAL ANTI-POVERTY COMMISSION; LGU’S COMPELLED TO ADOPT CHILD LABOR AS PRIORITY CONCERNS AND ALLOCATE FUNDS TO SUPPORT NAPC CHILD LABOR AGENDA; ISP SERIES OF NATIONAL AND LOCAL ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF BARANGAY PROTECTION OF CHILDREN (BCPC) WITH CORRESPONDING BUDGET. AS A RESULT, SOME 200 BCPC’S WERE CREATED. TUCP PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR : TUCP PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR ISP HOSTED NATIONAL CONFERENCE TO CREATE VENUE FOR SHARING EXPERIENCES AND BEST PRACTICES AMONG BPC OFFICIALS; SPEARHEADED DIALOGUES AND CAMPAIGN FOR RATIFICATION OF ILO CONVENTION 182 BY THE PHILIPPINE SENATE (PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE ACTION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE WORST FORM OF CHILD LABOR); PIONEERED EFFORTS TO MONITOR COMPLIANCE OF THE CODES OF CONDUCT BY PHILIPPINE GARMENT EXPORTERS TO THE US. CREATION OF YOUTH ADVOCATES TO MONITOR CHILD LABOR LAW VIOLATION/ CASES REFERRED FOR ACTION TO GOVERNMENT COUNCILS FOR PROTECTION OF CHILDREN, COMMUNITY PARTNERS OPERATING IN THE ISP PILOT AREAS. CREATION OF BARANGAY BASED HOMEWORKERS TASK FORCE COMPOSED OF COALITION WATCH GROUPS THAT MONITOR COMPLIANCE OF DOLE ORDER NO. 5 ON HOMEWORKERS AND LABOR CONTRACTORS; Slide 34:  CONSOLIDATED SOME 205 YOUTH ORGANIZATION INTO A NATIONAL COALITION KNOWN AS THE YOUTH FOR EMPOWERMENT AND SOLIDARITY OR YES, WITH CHAPTERS IN 5 PROVINCES. THE YES SERVES AS PARTNER IN THE ISP CHILD LABOR ADVOCACY; The TUCP is the first trade union organization in the country to implement a comprehensive health and welfare services for its members, and has been actively engaged in promoting FP since 1984. USAID funding was provided as initial support that enabled the TUCP to establish and operate medical and dental clinics in various parts of the country, as well as train nurses and community-based health volunteers. The program was implemented from 1984 – 1992. Other international donors, including UNFPA and the Packard Foundation later broadened these efforts. Currently, the TUCP operates Family Welfare Clinics in Davao, Cebu, Ormoc, Bacolod City, Cavite, Laguna, and the National Capital Region, staffed by highly trained professional health officers. TUCP PROGRAMS FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR Slide 35: Cooperatives/Enterprise Development Program (CEDP) Among regular training courses conducted: Basic Cooperative Orientation Cooperative Enterprise Planning Cooperative Accounting and Financial Management Credit Cooperative Management Organizational Development and Planning for Cooperatives Business Identification and Planning Basic Business Management Housing Program KMPI, in partnership with private developers and housing finance institutions such as the Pag-IBIG Fund, implements Workers Village project. The Workers Village projects assist members have access to socialized housing projects. The Workers Mart is a bulk-buying station for basic consumer products. It purchases large quantities of goods from manufacturers and distributors and sells these to workers' associations engaged in retail. Workers Social Insurance Program (WSIP) Slide 37: Cooperatives Coop Education Curriculum Managing/Administering Cooperatives Coop Finance/Bookkeeping   Gender Responsiveness and Mainstreaming of Unions, including: Maternity Protection Sexual Harassment at Work Labor Law Revision/Amendments Better Implementation of Laws Human an Trade Union Rights   Monitoring Core Standards, Corporate Codes of Conduct /Global Compact and OECD Guidelines Appreciation of Standards and Codes Verifying Compliance Filing cases   Organizing Organizers’ Conference Industry Planning/Organizing Techniques Industry Situationer/Analysis Merger Forum Alliance Building/Work   Workers Education Education Curriculum, Modules "Back to Basics" Political / Ideological Education   Collective Bargaining/Negotiations Project Design/Planning Project Administration Management Slide 38: Youth Organizing and Leadership Development   TUCP Organizational Effectiveness and Development Middle Level Officers' OED Federation OED   Globalization and Unions Productivity and Competitiveness of Workers Decent Work Workers' Solidarity Workers and Information Technology   Civic Advocacy Barangay/LGU Representatives Education RTWPB Representatives Education Prospective Sectoral Representatives Training Health Concerns Occupational Safety and Health Workplace Reprductive Health HIV / AIDS and the World of Work Drugs and Substance Abuse Special Concerns Migrant Worker's Concerns Environmentally Sustainable Development Informal Sector Child Labor Family Welfare / Family Budget PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURAL COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL WORKERS UNION (PACIWU) : PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURAL COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL WORKERS UNION (PACIWU) FOUNDED IN 1965 AND REGISTERED ON JUNE 6, 1966; OPERATES IN NORTHERN LUZON, SOUTHERN TAGALOG, METRO MANILA, VISAYAS PARTICULARLY IN NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, NEGROS ORIENTAL AND PANAY ISLAND; ORGANIZING IS CONCENTRATED IN SUGAR INDUSTRY, TRANSPORTATION, HOSPITAL, MEDICAL SCHOOLS, PRIVATE SCHOOLS, WATER AND UTILITY SERVICES, BEVERAGE INDUSTRY, AND IN THE MANUFACTURING AND GENERAL MERCHANDISING SECTORS. PACIWU EDUCATION PROGRAMS : PACIWU EDUCATION PROGRAMS BASIC TRADE UNIONISM, LEADERSHIP, LABOR RELATIONS AND LABOR STANDARDS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING TECHNIQUES AND STATISTICS, GRIEVANCE HANDLING, SHOP STEWARD SYSTEMS, TRAINER’S TRAINING, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH, GLOBALIZATION AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND PRODUCTIVITY; ENHANCE OF EARNINGS AND PROVIDE MEMBERS WITH THE OPPORTUNITY TO AUGMENT THEIR INCOMES FEDERATION ORGANIZES LOCAL UNIONS INTO COOPERATIVES WITH TRAINING ON PMES, MANAGEMENT, STRATEGIC PLANNING, VALUES EDUCATION, SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP, BUSINESS PLANNING, CREDIT AND COLLECTION, FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT. PACIWU EDUCATION PROGRAMS : PACIWU EDUCATION PROGRAMS EFFORTS TO PROVIDE MEMBERS WITH BASIC ORIENTATION ON EMERGING ISSUES SUCH AS SEXUAL HARASSMENT, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, CHILD LABOR AND PROTECTION AGAINST EXPLOITATION OF WOMEN AND MINORS, MATERNITY PROTECTION AND INFORMAL SECTOR. ASSIST MEMBERS AND DEPENDENTS IN EXPLORING LIVELIHOOD PROGRAMS, PARTICULARLY THOSE DIRECTED TO SEASONAL SLOW DOWNS SUCH AS TRAINING CUM PRODUCTION HOLLOW BLOCKS MAKING, STEEL PRODUCTION, WELDING, BAKERY, DRESS MAKING AND TAILORING, FOOD PRESERVATION, RATTAN FURNITURE; WITH LIVELIHOOD COMPONENT – SWINE FATTENING/BREEDING PROJECTS, CARABAO DISPERSAL/ BREEDING PROJECT, FARM LOTS, POULTY RAISING, VEGETABLE GROWING AND OTHER CROP PRODUCTION. TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) : TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) WOMEN’S COMMITTEE CAPITALIZED ON EXISTING FAMILY / SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS; AMEND CONSTITUTION TO PROVIDE WOMEN ACCESS TO DECISION MAKING (20% OF THE BOARD SEATS) SECTORAL REPRESENTATION YOUTH AND WOMEN (IN ALL DECISION MAKING BODIES OF THE UNION) SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) : SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) DOCUMENTATION OF SUCCESS STORIES/ SOURCE OF FAILURES SPECIALIZED TRAINING MODULES: Social Entrepreneurship; Reproductive Health/ Violence Against Women Feasibility studies/ Marketing plan Business Management Leadership / Strategic Planning Cooperatives/ Credit Management/ Food Preservation Herbal Medicines/ Maternal & Child Care TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) : TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) Representation in government and other tripartite bodies like: Regional, Provincial, City & Municipal Development Councils; TESDA, RTWPB, DTC, STC, TIPC Facilitate Linkages with Agencies for scholarships, farm inputs assistance, technical and vocational training, capital needs, marketing, legal protection, social security claims, referral for special medical cases like cleft palate and cataract operations, medical missions, etc. TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) : TRADE UNION ORGANIZING INITIATIVES FOR INFORMAL SECTOR (FEDERATION LEVEL) Advocacy on following issues: Implementation of labor standards/ Inspection of workplaces/ child labor law/ VAWC Environmental protection; Special programs to eradicate child labor and exploitation in agriculture; More jobs especially during off-milling season for sugar industry workers; Other laws and national policies that may affect workers welfare. PROBLEMS AND CONCERNS : PROBLEMS AND CONCERNS LOW NUMBER OF UNIONIZED RURAL WORKERS DUE TO: ARCHIPELAGIC CHARACTER OF THE PHILIPPINES – BARRIERS IN TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION AND LANGUAGE CONTRIBUTE TO THE DIFFICULTIES IN UNIONIZING; GENERALLY NATURE OF WORK AND GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT IS SEASONAL THUS WORKERS ARE HIGHLY DEPENDENT TO THEIR EMPLOYERS FOR SUPPORT AND LIVELIHOOD DURING THE PERIODS THAT THEY DO NOT HAVE INCOME; FEUDALISM IN MOST RURAL AREAS STILL EXISTS. PROBLEMS AND CONCERNS : PROBLEMS AND CONCERNS EMPLOYERS ARE AGAINST THE IDEA THAT THEIR WORKERS WILL JOIN OR FORM FREE AND INDEPENDENT LABOR UNIONS; THE DISENCHANTMENT OF THE RURAL WORKERS IN THE SMALL PACE AND LONG DELAY IN THE RESOLUTION OF THEIR COMPLAINTS AND GRIEVANCES; MOST HAVE NEGATIVE ATTITUDE AND FEAR IN ORGANIZING THEMSELVES INTO LABOR UNIONS; MANY LABOR UNIONS AND LABOR LEADERS DO NOT FIND ORGANIZING RURAL WORKERS ECONOMICALLY AND FINANCIALLY BENEFICIAL. Slide 50: DECENT WORK CHALLENGE… EMPLOYMENT IS CHARACTERIZED BY SHORTER WORKING HOURS, LOWER WAGE RATES, DWINDLING WORK WITH NOT ENOUGH JOBS. HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNDEREMPLOYMENT DUE TO SEASONALITY OF CROPS POOR QUALITY OF EMPLOYMENT /UNDERRATED WORKING AND LABOR STANDARDS PRESENCE OF MIGRANT WORKERS CONTRACTUALIZATION OF LABOR/DEFECTIVE LABOR LAWS ABSENCE OF OFF –FARM EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES BURGEONING EXCESS FARM LABOR NEW FORMS OF WORK ARRANGEMENT IE. CASUALIZATION UNDER MINING WAGE ENTITLEMENT, CONDITIONS, BENEFITS AND PROTECTION; WORKERS LACK OF SKILLS FOR URBAN EMPLOYMENT; WHOLESALE CONTRACT WORKERS CALLED DURING HARVEST SEASON ONLY WHERE PRODUCTION QOUTAS ARE SET WITH SUBSTANDARD Agriculture Slide 54: Land Reform Concerns……………. Continuing landowner resistance; Problematic UPAL (w/o documentation); ARB legal personality issue; Non-installation of ARBs Land valuation issue ARCs and Non-ARC FBs Relocation issue Merged DLR—where to? In the new MTPDP (04-10)—AR seems to have been de-emphasized. Facilitative of land conversion & undermines CARL & NLWUA; HB 5511: “ARB Farmland as Collateral” Bill= opportunity for land reconsolidation. National Land & Water Use Act= rationalizes use of land & water Perennial budget problem Slide 55: PROPOSED ACTIVITIES FOR ORGANIZING AND EDUCATING WORKERS IN THE INFORMAL SECTOR RECOMMENDATIONS : RECOMMENDATIONS INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH TO SOCIAL SECURITY AND PROTECTION FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR, SUCH AS: INCOME SUFFICIENT TO COVER BASIC NEEDS (FOOD FOR FAMILY, HEALTH SERVICES) FREEDOM FROM VIOLENCE IN THE HOME, WORKPLACE AND COMMUNITY INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH : INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH A LEVEL OF EDUCATION THAT WILL ENABLE ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION IN SOCIETY; OPPORTUNITIES TO REPRODUCE AND CHANGE SKILLS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MARKET REQUIREMENTS ; OPPORTUNITIES TO WORK AND PURSUE A CAREER INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH : INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH FOR SELF EMPLOYED, ACCESS TO CAPITAL FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY; REASONABLY RELIABLE MARKET OR DEMAND FOR COMMODITY OR SERVICE; OVER-RIDING CONCERNS FOR WOMEN WORKERS IN INFORMAL SECTOR – DEALING WITH RISKS AND VULNERABILITIES; POLITICAL AGENDA IN HARMONY WITH STANCE OF INFORMAL ECONOMY. INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH : INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH ADVOCACY THAT CAN COMBINE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT STRATEGIES (ENTERPRISE BUILDING, MICRO-FINANCE, SOCIAL MARKETING, ETC.) WITH FACILITATION OF ACCESS TO SOCIAL PROTECTION AS WELL AS PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING IN PHASES OF WOMEN’S LIVES, HOME, WORKPLACE, COMMUNITY, NATION AND GLOBAL BODIES. INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH : INTEGRATED AND EMPOWERING APPROACH PROMOTION OF AND SUPPORT FOR INDIGENOUS SOCIAL PROTECTION SCHEMES AS WELL AS COMMUNITY BASED MICRO-HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEMES WHICH WILL BENEFIT WOMEN WORKERS IN PARTICULAR. FORMULATION OF POLICY DIRECTIVES AND IMPLEMENTING GUIDELINES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE THRUSTS. RECOMMENDATIONS : RECOMMENDATIONS STRENGTHENING THE CAPACITY OF NATIONAL AND LOCAL AGENCIES AND ASSIST IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK, IN WHICH PARALLEL EFFORTS WILL BE MADE TO BUILD THE CAPACITY OF THE IS WORKERS THROUGH INTENSIVE ORGANIZING AND TRAINING ON THE RUDIMENTS OF MANAGING SUSTAINABLE ORGANIZATION 2. CREATION OF SPECIAL BODIES TO ENSURE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE MAINSTREAMING OF INFORMAL SECTOR CONCERNS. ENSURE COMPETENT GOVERNANCE FOR THE INFORMAL SECTOR AND IN WIDENING THEIR ACCESS TO PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES. RECOMMENDATIONS : RECOMMENDATIONS 3. OFFICIAL RECOGNITION OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR BY POLICY MAKERS AND PROGRAM SERVICE PROVIDERS ESPECIALLY AT THE LOCAL LEVEL SO THEY CAN BE PERSUADED TO ALLOCATE RESOURCES AND TAKE ACTION FOR THE PROTECTION AND WELFARE OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR. 4. LINKAGES BETWEEN FORMAL AND INFORMAL SECTOR. CLOSER LINKAGES WOULD MUTUALLY BENEFIT BOTH IN TERMS OF MARKET ACCESS, PRODUCTIVITY, EMPLOYMENT AND WORKING CONDITIONS. THE DRIVE TO SUPPORT SME’S FOR HIGHER PROFITABILITY BE ACCOMPANIED WITH IMPROVEMENT OF GENERAL WORKING CONDITIONS, OSH SERVICES AND MEMBERSHIP IN SSS AND PHIL HEALTH. RECOMMENDATIONS : RECOMMENDATIONS 5. PROMOTING INTEREST AND WELFARE OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR MUST GIVE SHIFT TO RIGHTS BASED FRAMEWORK OF DEVELOPMENT LIKE: RIGHT TO SELF ORGANIZATION; RIGHT TO ENHANCE ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILL; CAPABILITIES TO BECOME MORE PRODUCTIVE AND SELF RELIANT ENSURING PARTICIPATION IN MAINSTREAM ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES; RIGHT TO BE FREE FROM ANY FORM OF DISCRIMINATION WHETHER BASED ON GENDER, AGE, ETHNICITY, POLITICAL, RELIGION OR SEXUAL ORIENTATION; RIGHT TO JUST AND HUMANE WORKING CONDITIONS INCLUDING ACCESS TO PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES, SOCIAL PROTECTION, OCCUPATIONAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES; RIGHT TO REPRESENT THEIR ORGANIZATION IN A CONTINUING PROCESS OF CONSULTATION AND DIALOGUE TOWARDS MAXIMIZING THE PROVISION OF COMPREHEN SIVE PACKAGE OF REFORMS, INTERNVENTIONS, SERVICES IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICULATED INTERESTS. LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES : LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES REGISTER AND GET ACCREDITATION TO ACQUIRE LEGITIMACY MICRO INSURANCE SCHEMES RESERVE FUNDS AND TIMELY SERVICES NEED TO STRENGTHEN INFORMATION, MEMBERSHIP, COLLECTION CAMPAIGN; CULTIVATE RELATIONSHIPS WITH LGU’S FOR MORE SUPPORT LIKE PRESENCE OF MEDICAL PERSONNELS IN HEALTH CARE CENTERS LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES :  LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES STRENGTHEN LIVELIHOOD AND MARKETING CAPABILITIES TO SUSTAIN CONTRIBUTIONS TO SCHEMES. CONTINUED DOCUMENTATION AND MAPPING OF THE STATUS OF INFORMAL WORKERS, FOCUSING ON WORKING CONDITIONS, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIPS, REMUNERATION SYSTEM, RH, OSH AND OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS, RIGHTS OF WORKERS AND AVAILABLE SOCIAL PROTECTION; GO’S AND NGO’S PROMOTE SOCIAL PARTICIPATION IN THE PROMOTION OF SOCIAL WELL BEING, COMPARE INITIATIVES ACROSS COUNTRIES LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES : LOCAL LEVEL FOCUS OF INITIATIVES CASE STUDIES OF HOW WORKERS PROCEED WITH THE EMPOWERMENT PROCESS, THEIR DEPENDENCY ON RESOURCE AND WORK STATUS, GENDER, ETHNICITY, MIGRATION, LEVEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL ENGAGEMENT, NATURE OF COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT, MACRO ECONOMIC REALITIES SUCH AS TRADE LIBERALIZATION ALONG WITH GLOBALIZATION. Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda : Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda To incorporate or negotiate provisions in the CBA for specific measures in observance of decent work and its objectives; Expand present activities in respect to promoting equal opportunities in employment, and effective elimination of the worst forms of child labor; To express great concern on the continued displacement of workers and destabilization of labor relations; Push for respect of human and trade union rights and promotion of decent work; Design new programs to incorporate framework of decent work. Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda : Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda Incorporate in organizing activities other sectors such as informal workers, industry guilds, homeworkers, rural workers and communities; Re-engineer organization to meet new challenges including organizing selves along industry trade or craft lines as well as in computerizing operations and establishing leaner and more efficient administration; Expand present activities in respect to promotion equal opportunities and elimination of the worst forms of child labor; Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda : Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda In collaboration with ILO to advocate for adoption of Decent Work in all policies designed by the World Bank and make it integrative of GATT-WTO agreements and national laws and practice. Trade unions should promote among members the concept of Filipino independence and self-determination in our national economic, political and socio-cultural life. Ensure building of stronger solidarity among members and other local democratic labor movements by forging alliance to advance equity and promote social responsibility. Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda : Trade Unions and the Decent Work Agenda Due to widening crisis which continue to displace workers and threaten job security, insist on the commitment of government to fight poverty, provide jobs for all and integrate marginalized sectors in the mainstream of social life. Advocate for new global social order to accompany global economic integration through adoption of the social clause, promotion of core international labor standards and multi-national codes of conduct. Slide 71: Proposed MACRO Strategies HUMAN RIGHTS PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT/ DECENT WORK Slide 72: for Listening and Have a Good Day

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Informal economy (CO-Manila)

The informal economy ... labour sectors in the Philippines to strategically support the growing sector, enhance the role of informal workers as ...
Read more

Informal sector - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The informal sector, informal economy, ... are not considered part of the informal economy. As the International Labor Organization ... Philippines. 39 ...
Read more

The informal economy, employment and development ...

The other informal economy is a dynamic ... productivity employments of labor. Informal economies in ... of Philippine labor, ...
Read more

Informal economy - International Labour Organization

Some of the characteristic features of informal ... The Resolution concerning decent work and the informal economy adopted ... International Labour ...
Read more

Informal Economy Budget Analysis in Philippines and Quezon ...

In the Philippine labour market, jobless growth has intensified problems of unemployment, with more ... informal economy in Quezon City, ...
Read more

Magna Carta of Workers in the Informal Economy ...

While NGOs such as Alliance for Workers in the Informal Economy or Magna Carta for Informal ... informal labour ... Economy (NOE): The Philippines ...
Read more

Statistical update on employment in the informal economy

TABLE I. Employment in the informal economy in non-agricultural activities by component, ... Philippines (2008) 15,150 70.1 ... the informal sector Labour ...
Read more

Precarious Philippines: Expanding Informal Sector ...

Abstract. This article outlines two realities about the Philippine labor market: the continuing expansion of the large informal economy and ...
Read more

Department of Labor and Employment - News

... and other workers in the informal economy are expected to participate in ... Labor Code of the Philippines; The Philippine Labor and Employment Plan ...
Read more