kyros_lecture5

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Spiritual-Inspirational

Published on January 5, 2009

Author: aSGuest9197

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The Fifth Step in the Line of Despair : Theology : The Fifth Step in the Line of Despair : Theology Kyros Lecture 5 Review : Review The Line of Despair Philosophy Art Music General culture Theology Philosophy : Philosophy Hegel Synthesis logic Kierkegaard Division of knowledge into rational and nonrational Leap of faith A Not A Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Philosophy : Philosophy Existentialism (Jaspers, Sartre, Heidegger) Truth is man’s projection of experience Authentication sought through undirected action Postmodernism Deconstructive readings Truth defined in context of culture Art : Art Impressionism Abstraction of subject Interest in light Van Gogh and Gauguin (noble savage) Failed to find a universal or meaning for man Left with only particulars Ended in despair (logical consequence of presuppositions) Art : Art Cezanne Geometric universal Picasso Cubism Loss of communication Dada – randomness Marcel Duchamp Seeks to destroy the observer by forcing him to sully himself Music : Music Debussy Incorporated dissonance Music concrete Used “real” sounds UNESCO’s Premiere Panorama de Music concrete Begins with a human voice speaking in Greek Voice slowly descends into chaos Unifying Factor in Line of Despair : Unifying Factor in Line of Despair Different mediums all express the new way of talking about and arriving at truth All end in despair Christian reaction Respect Compassion Maintain antithesis Offer a realistic alternative that gives hope Is Christianity “realistic”? The New Theology : The New Theology Philosophy Art Music General culture Theology Kierkegaard Religious existentialism Secular existentialism Modern existential theology : Modern existential theology Liberalism and neo-orthodoxy Founded in Kierkegaard’s leap of faith Define a system of thought Reformation Martin Luther confronted a system of thought that was in opposition to the Scriptures Today Christian’s must confront the dialectic methodology of the new theology Liberalism : Liberalism Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768 - 1834) Father of liberal theology Theology describes internal feelings, not external facts Emphasizes the individual Embrace deconstructionist readings of scripture Liberalism : Liberalism Accepts naturalistic presupposition of a uniformity of natural causes in a closed system Rejects the supernatural Attempts to find the “historical Jesus” failed Liberalism : Liberalism Faced with two rational options Return to Biblical Christianity Nihilism Chose instead a nonrational leap of faith Religious truth changes over time as individual’s experiences reveal new aspects of God Neo-orthodoxy : Neo-orthodoxy A crisis first-order experience. Faith an optimistic leap without verification or communicable content. Rational The Scripture is full of mistakes - pessimism Nonrational Karl Barth (1886 - 1968) : Karl Barth (1886 - 1968) Swiss neo-orthodox theologian Held to many of the tenets of Biblical Christianity Rejected the inerrancy of Scripture Resisted liberal support of Nazis God is not allied with human cultures Conclusions : Conclusions Separation of religion from both science and history System of thought that requires blind faith No verification Rests on divided view of truth

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