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Information about Krems2

Published on April 24, 2008

Author: Marcell


Slide1:  ICT and SOCIAL SPHERE ALENA ILAVSKA Technical University in Zvolen Slide2:  Time - schedule 9:00 - 10:30 Sociology and Social Sphere 10:30 - 10:45 Break 10:45 - 12:15 Slide3:  Prometheus in Cyberspace Moral Choice: The audacious Prometheus, according to Greek mythology, stole the fire from the Olympic Gods. When Zeus saw the glow of fire on earth, become very angry and punished humanity by sending Pandora. She carried a mysterious box and when she could not control her curiosity , she opened it. All disasters and plagues that were in the box escaped and spread around the world. Prometheus’s theft is essential for human progress. Yes, the myth warn us that progress exact the price: “the anger of Zeus” Slide4:  What society does mean? aggregate of the people living in some environment create culture co-operate understand each other Slide5:  What Sociologist does to understand Society ? has to be people watcher to be interested in people - why they do things they do wants to know why some thing happened why we are bounded by our - race, sex, age, place, class, nationality  sociologist tend to view these common human situation Slide6:  RAPID SOCIAL CHANGE follow industrial revolution was important inspiration for development of sociology mobility start to be one of the main trend of 20th century synonym of the mobility are mobile net of GSM Changes:  Changes Mobility in modern society means telecommunications PC’s tourism Slide8:  information is basic commercial source as e.g. Energy… change in the nature of the work - majority is mentation require of lifelong-learning change of the organisational structures - flat organisational structure increasing of free time depending on information means vulnerability of society (PC crime) Slide9:  1. computer section is growing 2.5 times faster than traditional fields 2. technologies pushed us into information society 50% employees are working with information 3. changes are not only technical Figures:  Figures agricultural sector decreased by 76% industry by 33% at the same time top-technologies increased by 44% high sector by 26% In Germany Slide11:  In Europe due to specialisation of the job lack of workers without appropriate qualification The centres of these technologies:  The centres of these technologies are situated near named universities Slide13:  In U.S. University Berkley University Stanford Massachusetts Institute California Institute o Technology Slide14:  In Europe München Dresden Zürich In Japan Kanagawa Slide15:  Our present society we marked with different names: information society service society knowledge society postindustrial postmodern postmaterial risk society adventure society global diversity of the names shows the mobility of the modern people and their change from earth-based individuals to knowledge-based Slide16:  BUT we are thinking that ICT’s are part of our modern life There are some others figures which say: 2 billions people in the world don’t have electricity 3 billions suffer for innutrition 1 billion don’t have water 2 billions are without house It is reasonable that these people are not interesting in ICT and for long period will not be Slide17:  Digital divide /priepast access to technology and disability to use it will divide the society on winner and defeated access to new technologies will be criterion for dividing society more than income of people and status Slide18:  Using computers /100 people Slide19:  Using mobile phone Slide20:  Knowledge society = more spiritual and moral aspects in our behaviour ours lives are very short to calculate the future effects Slide21:  Changes in communication We are confronted with enormous cultural changes Also life style is affected by increasing mobility - here (wherever it is) - now (nobody wants to wait) - for me (not forced to share something with somebody) Slide22:  Technical limits the limits of telematics are the transport of information 7% of communication is used for the content 33% for the voice 60% are needed for non-verbal signals as feelings, body language which can be hardly transported by the new medias Slide23:  Limits: network knows no frontiers is not correct distribution of the internet users is following: - 43,2% North America - 28,2% Europe - 20,6% Asia - 5,6 Latin America - 2,4 Africa In Germany we need for to bye PC one salary - in Bangladesh it has the value of 10 years salary Slide24:  spiritual laziness it is wrong idea that more and more information = more intelligence a good basis in common education is unavoidable new technologies represent basis for co-operative learning student is able to learn by himself and from others fragility of our society is not globalisation but the concentration of knowledge uncertainty - science present predictions not solutions Slide25:  Shift of Skills secretary is not typist any more teacher not prepare facts and figures any more, research work for learning can be passed over to the students teacher interprets students reports and coaches the class many mechanisms in the house easier the house work  writing culture is changed to multi-media cultur and ICT change our relation to these tools and our methods of education Slide26:  e.g. study of hypertex it is completely different from book - non linear reading we are not skilled enough with ethics rules through new media Slide27:  Virtuality we can compare it with a dream - is a physiological - a biographical - infotographical the event happened and event transported are different Slide28:  Social-political mobility technical tools allows us to be reach nearly everywhere it means greater independence of locations time factor becomes more important than the location we are not leaving in a region but in the communication system we do not leave in the house but in the programme segments digital nomads are sitting in front of screen - surfing through u.a t. Slide29:  Social mobility traditional society = problem to move to the upper class 20 th century - 50% population working in agricultural sector changes started in 1970: - 1/5 of workers are farmers - half workers came from worker families - 40% employees and civil servants derived from civil servant families in 21 st century we have to rethink situation it is no possible any more for farmers changed to easily for software experts like in previous time to the industrial workers Slide30:  Increase in the percentage of the old people specially in developed countries e.g. in Germany more than 50% of the population will be older than 50 years in 2030  basic question : how can a society with the majority o old people be further innovative? Slide31:  All around Europe in 2000 the lowest level of fertility rate was reached children per woman 1963 131.5 2.78 1999 78.1 1.36 In Slovakia last year the minus rate was reached Slide32:  Internet and his influence Sociologists defined “ digital homeless” - people who don’t accept the new media and are not able to handle them (Negroponte) age of them is between 30 - 45 students at the TU in Zvolen made small research at the University result - only 30% teachers between 35 - 45 years Slide33:  young people have access mainly in the schools - 80% e.g. in 1999 were 63% schools in America equipped with PC and Internet but in 1996 it was only 14 % 35% of pupils are surfing daily in Germany - 56% pupils between 6-14 have access 87% have PC in parents house 20% is minimally one per month on net Slide34:  In Czech Republic average of the age 13,5 - 54% pupils daily 18% every second day 82% boys and 18% girls we have to remember that for the baby the most important is to look for standard so it is very necessity to create www pages which are safer for them Slide35:  This idea driving us to reject the fact - old people are vice like it was in traditional society paperless - users below 30 read directly from the screen successful people are often using telecommunication tools one manager of our society has more contact to people in one day than a man living in the Middle age during his whole life  people between 51 - 60 are important target group to access internet because it means active living from the beginning of 2001 market interest to offer them internet access increased Slide36:  Women and the mobile society in Western countries proportion of women is increasing more than 50% of population in Europe is female due to social changes increased female labour  - women get married later - the level of education is better than in past time - modern housekeeper minimised housework - the number of children is decreasing - the position of women within the families is changing Slide37:  women and man are equal qualitative aspect of changes means that both sexes together are stronger women train their natural talent and improving it at work the society is developing from families towards individuals paradox of modern society => within the traditional family communication is decreasing we have less time to be together Slide38:  in 1960 every 10th household was single in 1998 every 3th women are independent and very often have a baby without a partner => how will this fact change the attitude of these kind of babies? Full time mother - new phenomenon of 21th century 60% women are fleeding from unemployment only 12% put emphasis on their careers th household was single Slide39:  in the field of new technology women represent the minority but in the small and medium sized companies the number of women is already relatively high in spite of fact that in Near East, south Asia and Africa the number of primary schools girls doubled between 1975 and 2000, the life expectancy improved in the developed countries by 15 to 20 years Slide40:  Screenager young people spending most of their time in front of screens television screen = passive consumption, PC screen = active participation in virtual world familiar with PC, more flexible and quicker, able to think multifunctional they use their brain on the different way than they parents children are equal members of family due to skills in the past parents can order something, now they have to justify Slide41:  Mobility within partnerships ICT are creating new individuals possibilities to act Freedom in distance and time changing social relations and opinions in traditional society individuals were always suspect modern people love freedom and living like individuals the traditional marriage will be minority it is partnership for a phase in one’s life Slide42:  Single Individualisation has two main points to mention: it is leading to egoism and hedonism goes along with self-development these alone people compensate solitude with more communication revolution in 1960 was not intellectual but it was fight for sexual emancipation new generation is mainly interested in himself Slide43:  no interest in politics and church no participation in organisations of any kind less motivation in daily work less marriages increasing divorces more singles decreasing number of children Slide44:  The group system is more complicated and allow more efficiency individual is not so important within the system group work is essential in the business and in the education the interest bring people together Slide45:  ICT in the field of education electronic system create conditions in which traditional system have no change the whole knowledge is available and distributeable Slide46:  Globalisation similar process in the past - change from local to regional, from regional to national motor of these changes is globalisation of economical activities in fact we are not able to define it in detail Keller wrote: “globalisation is a process throughout democratically elected governments step by step loosing the right to determine about the things for which were elected.” Slide47:  Social impact of Globalisation raise of unequal social and economics development the main decision makers affect character and priority of public sector the strongest influence of multinational corporation is on the state and on the proportion of the power between public and private sector => small business companies within national framework normally paid taxis big multinational corporation are able immediately transform its money and decrease tax bite Slide48:  globalisation mainly means management and organisation of production and services in the world rank ICT support process of globalisation - technical infrastructure we are able to move billions euros just to press button of PC “digitalisation of money “ accelerate globalisation and internalisation of cash flow is the most important mechanism of g.p. we are witness of the change of real money to the digital one Slide49:  Difference between internationalisation and globalisation internationalisation means international business which is created by producing organised intro national economy globalisation doesn’t depend on national borders as an barrier which close producing inside these condition allow creation of multinational companies => international is not only business with its products but international is also production process Slide50:  What does globalisation mean? A T-shirt can provide an answer: The cotton comes from fields in West Africa. It is spun in Turkey. The raw thread is delivered to weaving mills in Taiwan. The material is then sent to Poland where it is dyed. In Bangladesh, finally, it is cut out and sewn together. European dealers buy the ready-made garments on the spot and bring them into our shops. Slide51:  Decentralisation and democratisation of the society Internet allow to all people acquire the same information peer - to - peer nets means embodiment of the freedom they connected thousands users without any central control they created net through which could disseminate all information we can say that I. is the technology with the biggest democratic potention Slide52:  Global education Not a new subject, but a teaching principle should enable students, by means of appropriate knowledge and abilities, to act with responsibility in the complex interconnections global society is a comprehensive guiding principle for teaching at all levels Slide53:  global Education is learning for the future Being fit for global society does not only mean: having a knowledge of English and computers to be able to enter the labour market, Global education will encourage people and empower them to be active in forming world society, creating conditions world-wide for solidarity in thinking Slide54:  There are three levels of learning in this process: learning to understand the global correlations of our daily life (knowledge), e.g. how do the children live who work in garment factories? learning to develop personal behaviour and attitudes concerning individual topics (values), (e.g.labour of children in shamefull conditions) learning to apply lessons learnt (capabilities) . e.g. I change my behaviour as a consumer and buy fair-trade products. Slide55:  The end of political neutrality of technology? Technology essentially is not good, bad and even is not neutral. (Levy) but it seems that we will not escape to the neutrality, where we will be able to solve all problems Technologies start to be new war - field

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