Kraus CHAPTER08

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Information about Kraus CHAPTER08
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Published on January 14, 2009

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Slide 1: 1 The Leisure Service System: Governmental, Nonprofit, and Commercial Recreation Agencies 8 Objectives : 2 Objectives Identify the key elements in the leisure service system. Discuss the various roles the federal government agencies play in the provision of recreation and leisure. Identify and discuss the role of state governments in the provision of recreation and leisure. Identify and discuss the role of county, local and municipal recreation and park departments in the provision of recreation and leisure. Objectives (cont’d) : 3 Objectives (cont’d) Discuss recreation administration in Canada, and compare its structure with that of the United States. Define nonprofit organization, including their mission, goals, and service areas, specifically addressing the roles they play in the provision of recreation and leisure programming. Identify several types of nonprofit youth serving agencies. Objectives (cont’d) : 4 Objectives (cont’d) Discuss the significance of nonprofit organizations in America. Discuss the role and impact of commercial recreation on the recreation and leisure service field. Identify the benefits and risks of increasing commercial recreation programs and companies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of forming partnerships among major leisure service agencies. Introduction : 5 Introduction Three major types of recreation providers Governmental agencies Nonprofit community organizations Commercial recreation businesses Background, mission, and chief program elements of each Key Elements in the Leisure Service System : 6 Key Elements in the Leisure Service System Ten types of leisure service organizations Table 8.1 Three highlighted in this chapter, other seven will be discussed in future content Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services : 7 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services Federal Government’s Role Direct management of outdoor recreation resources Conservation and resource reclamation Assistance to open space and park development programs Direct programs of recreation participation Advisory and financial assistance Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 8 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) Federal Government’s Role Aid to professional education Promotion of recreation as an economic function Research and technical assistance Regulation and standards Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 9 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) The National Park Service Department of the Interior Budget cuts have reduced funding Initiatives of the late 1990s New and higher fees to support maintenance/staffing Remodeling or removal of parking areas, roads, and bridges to reduce traffic Stronger emphasis on the role of the Park Service in historical interpretations to reflect the role of women and minorities Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 10 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) The Forest Service Part of U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest and grassland with an emphasis on multiple use Promotion of recreational uses Management of some National Monuments and National Recreation Areas Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 11 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) Other Federal Agencies Bureau of Land Management Bureau of Reclamation US Fish and Wildlife Service Tennessee Valley Authority US Army Corps of Engineers Agricultural Stabilization Service Bureau of Indian Affairs Image © BrandXPictures. Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 12 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) Progress in Health and Human Services, Education, and Housing Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging Children’s Bureau Public Health Service Rehabilitation Services Administration Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 13 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development Model Cities Program Metropolitan Development Act Neighborhood Facilities Program Community Development Block Grants Arts and Humanities Support National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities National Endowment for the Arts Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) : 14 Government Recreation, Park, and Leisure Services (cont’d) Physical Fitness and Sports Promotion President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports President’s Challenge Physical Fitness Program Recreation-Related Functions of State Governments : 15 Recreation-Related Functions of State Governments Outdoor Recreation Resources and Programs State Parks Wilderness areas State reserves and natural preserves Recreation areas Other state functions Therapeutic recreation service Promotion of professional advancement Development of enforcement of standards Role of County and Local Governments : 16 Role of County and Local Governments County and Special District Programs Intermediate range between state and incorporated local government Counties have become a base for coordinating and fueling federal grant programs Role of County and Local Governments (cont’d) : 17 Role of County and Local Governments (cont’d) Regional and Park Districts Establishment of special park and recreation districts Primarily located in heavily populated areas Frequently cross municipality and political boundaries Separate taxing authority California, Illinois, Ohio, Oregon and North Dakota have enabling legislation Municipal Recreation and Park Departments : 18 Municipal Recreation and Park Departments Functions/Structure of Municipal Agencies Parks and recreation departments Police departments Welfare departments Youth boards Health and hospital agencies Public housing departments Cultural departments or boards School systems and community colleges Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) : 19 Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) Programs of Municipal Agencies Youth and Adult sports Aquatics Outdoor and nature-oriented programs Arts and crafts Performing arts Image © LiquidLibrary. Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) : 20 Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) Programs of Municipal Agencies Special services Social programs Special interest groups Playground and community center activities Holiday celebrations and municipal festivals Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) : 21 Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) Varied Program Emphases Fitness programming Fitness Coalition Human service programs Youth services Family services Manpower and employment training Senior citizen activities Image © Corbis. Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) : 22 Municipal Recreation and Park Departments (cont’d) Fee Based Programs Businesslike approach to leisure management Question of economic discrimination Innovative Developments in Larger Cities Benefits-based programming as a means to documenting and providing direction Public Recreation and Parks in Canada : 23 Public Recreation and Parks in Canada Canada began conservation efforts in 1760s Public Parks Act of Ontario led to development of municipal public parks Rocky Mountain Park established by federal government Efforts parallel those in America Emphasis on recreation and conservation at all levels of government Nonprofit Organizations: The Voluntary Sector : 24 Nonprofit Organizations: The Voluntary Sector Nonprofit But Fee-Charging Fees intended to help maintain financial stability without profit Used to subsidize other services to disadvantaged Nonprofit does not mean voluntary Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies : 25 Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies Nonsectarian Youth-Serving Organizations Boy Scouts of America Girl Scouts of the USA Boys and Girls Clubs of America Police Athletic Leagues Camp Fire Boys and Girls Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) : 26 Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) Church and Synagogue Recreation Programs Sponsor recreation for their own members and promote involvement within the institution Provide leisure to the community at large National Youth Organizations YMCA and YWCA Catholic Youth Organization Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) : 27 Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) Special Interest Organizations Conservation and Outdoor Recreation Sierra Club Appalachian Mountain Club National Outdoor Leadership School Organizations Promoting Youth Sports and Games Little League Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) : 28 Types of Nonprofit Youth Serving Agencies (cont’d) Arts Councils and Cultural Organizations Service and Fraternal Clubs Promotional and Coordinating Bodies Significance of Nonprofit Organizations : 29 Significance of Nonprofit Organizations Broad goals extend beyond recreation Greater flexibility with development and administration of goals and objectives Sometimes quicker to respond to local needs Commercial Recreation : 30 Commercial Recreation The Nature of Commercial Recreation Profit motive is distinguishing characteristic Categories of Service Admission to facilities Organized instruction Membership in a commercially operated club Provision of hospitality or social contacts Commercial Recreation (cont’d) : 31 Commercial Recreation (cont’d) Categories of Service, continued Arrange tours or cruises Commercial manufacture, sale and service of recreation equipment Entertainment and special events Provision of recreation experiences Water parks Theaters (movies and plays) Casinos And many others Commercial Recreation (cont’d) : 32 Commercial Recreation (cont’d) Outdoor Recreation Hunting preserves and guides Charter fishing Marinas and boating Ski centers and schools Paintball centers Image © AbleStock. Commercial Recreation (cont’d) : 33 Commercial Recreation (cont’d) Health Spas and Fitness Clubs Aquatic and fitness centers Exercise groups Conditioning counseling or remedial services Physical therapy Group therapy Image courtesy of Bill Branson/National Cancer Institute Commercial Recreation (cont’d) : 34 Commercial Recreation (cont’d) The “Learning Studio” Approach Short term learning experiences for adults Focus on specific and appealing subjects Family Fun Centers Play activities and equipment Video games and computerized activities Refreshments Commercial Recreation (cont’d) : 35 Commercial Recreation (cont’d) Other For-profit Ventures Private golf or tennis clubs Bowling alleys and billiard parlors Contract bridge and chess clubs Night clubs and dance halls Dating services Dancing halls Differences and Similarities Among Agencies : 36 Differences and Similarities Among Agencies Social Values in Recreation Planning Commercial recreation must consider social impact Subject to regulation of state, county, and municipal laws Public attitudes can influence the direction of leisure agencies Competition can improve quality Partnerships Among Major Leisure-Service Agencies : 37 Partnerships Among Major Leisure-Service Agencies Cooperation between agencies and companies is common Promotes services to broader audience Maximizes limited funding “Land swapping” deals Professional societies developing partnership

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