KOTCHA03

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Business-Finance

Published on January 13, 2009

Author: aSGuest10388

Source: authorstream.com

Chapter 3 : Chapter 3 The Global Marketing Environment PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING Eighth Edition Philip Kotler and Gary Armstrong Marketing Environment : Marketing Environment All the actors and forces influencing the company’s ability to transact business effectively with it’s target market. Includes: Microenvironment - forces close to the company that affect its ability to serve its customers. Macroenvironment - larger societal forces that affect the whole microenvironment. The Marketing Environment : The Marketing Environment Company Demographic Economic Natural Technological Political Cultural Company Customers Intermediaries Suppliers Competitors Publics Slide 4: The Microenvironment Company Customers Publics Suppliers Competitors Intermediaries Forces Affecting a Company’s Ability to Serve Customers The Company’s Microenvironment : The Company’s Microenvironment Company’s Internal Environment- functional areas such as top management, finance, and manufacturing, etc. Suppliers - provide the resources needed to produce goods and services. Marketing Intermediaries - help the company to promote, sell, and distribute its goods to final buyers. The Company’s Microenvironment : The Company’s Microenvironment Customers - five types of markets that purchase a company’s goods and services. Competitors - those who serve a target market with similar products and services. Publics - any group that perceives itself having an interest in a company’s ability to achieve its objectives. Customer Markets : Customer Markets Company Consumer Markets International Markets Government Markets Business Markets Reseller Markets The Macroenvironment : The Macroenvironment Demographic Technological Cultural Economic Political Natural Forces that Shape Opportunities and Pose Threats to a Company The Company’s Macroenvironment : The Company’s Macroenvironment Demographic - monitors population in terms of age, sex, race, occupation, location and other statistics. Economic - factors that affect consumer buying power and patterns. Natural - natural resources needed as inputs by marketers or that are affected by marketing activities. Key U.S. Demographic Trends : Key U.S. Demographic Trends Changing Age Structure Population is getting older Changing Family Structure Marrying later, fewer children, working women, and nonfamily households Geographic Shifts Moving to the Sunbelt and suburbs (MSA’s) Increased Education Increased college attendance and white-collar workers Growing Ethnic and Racial Diversity 73% Caucasian, 12% African-American, 10% Hispanic & 3.4% Asian Economic Environment : Economic Environment Changes in Consumer Spending Patterns Economic Development Changes in Income Key Economic Concerns for Marketers Natural Environment : Natural Environment Factors Affecting the Natural Environment More Government Intervention Shortages of Raw Material Increased Costs of Energy Higher Pollution Levels The Company’sMacroenvironment : The Company’sMacroenvironment Technological - forces that create new product and market opportunities. Political - laws, agencies and groups that influence or limit marketing actions. Cultural - forces that affect a society’s basic values, perceptions, preferences, and behaviors. Technological Environment : Technological Environment Rapid Pace of Change High R & D Budgets Focus on Minor Improvements Increased Regulation Issues in the Technological Environment Political Environment : Political Environment Greater Concern for Ethics Increased Legislation Changing Enforcement Key Trends in the Political Environment Cultural Environment : Cultural Environment Responding to the Marketing Environment : Responding to the Marketing Environment Environmental Management Perspective Taking a proactive approach to managing the microenvironment and the macroenvironment to affect changes that are favorable for the company. How? Hire lobbyists , run “advertorials”, file law suits and complaints, and form agreements.

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