Kohlberg’s theory of moral development

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Information about Kohlberg’s theory of moral development

Published on March 17, 2014

Author: SSilb

Source: slideshare.net

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Facilitating learning

Lawrence Kohlberg A psychologist who modified and expanded upon Jean Piaget's work to form a theory that explained the development of moral reasoning. Jean Piaget - described a two-stage process of moral development

"The Heinz Dilemma" - Kohlberg based his theory upon research and interviews with groups of young children.

“Heinz steal the drug" - One example of the dilemmas Kohlberg presented.

Level 1. Preconventional Morality Stage 1 - Obedience and Punishment • At this stage, children see rules as fixed and absolute. Obeying the rules is important because it is a means to avoid punishment. Stage 2 - Individualism and Exchange • At this stage of moral development, children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs.

Level 2. Conventional Morality Stage 3 - Interpersonal Relationships • This stage of moral development is focused on living up to social expectations and roles. Stage 4 - Maintaining Social Order • At this stage of moral development, people begin to consider society as a whole when making judgments.

Level 3. Postconventional Morality Stage 5 - Social Contract and Individual Rights • At this stage, people begin to account for the differing values, opinions and beliefs of other people. Stage 6 - Universal Principles • At this stage, people follow these internalized principles of justice, even if they conflict with laws and rules.

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