40 %
60 %
Information about KnowledgeManagement-101

Published on January 6, 2009

Author: aSGuest9391


Knowledge Management : Knowledge Management A practitioner’s perspective Agenda : Agenda What is knowledge management (KM) Definition(s) History Key concepts First, what is knowledge : First, what is knowledge In simplest terms, knowledge is the ability of an actor to respond to a body of facts and principles accumulated over a period of time One way to look at knowledge is as the apogee of the following continuum – data?information?knowledge Data=1 unit of fact; information=aggregation of data; knowledge=potential for action on information Data and information have intrinsic properties, the quality of knowledge depends on the properties of the agent What is knowledge management : What is knowledge management There is no universal definition for knowledge management At its broadest, KM is the ‘process through which organizations generate value from intellectual and knowledge based assets’ Knowledge assets : Knowledge assets There are two types of knowledge assets – Explicit or formal assets like copyrights, patents, templates, publications, reports, archives, etc. Tacit or informal assets that are rooted in human experience and include personal belief, perspective, and values The value of knowledge assets : The value of knowledge assets Knowledge assets are often described as the the intellectual capital of an organization The value of intellectual capital is often intangible A popular measure is the difference between the cost of capital assets and the cost of replacing them The value of KM : The value of KM It is important to manage knowledge assets because – Organizations compete increasingly on the base of knowledge (the only sustainable competitive advantage, according to some) Most of our work is information based (and often immersed in a computing environment) Our products, services, and environment are more complex than ever before Workforces are increasingly unstable leading to escalating demands for knowledge replacement/acquisition The development of KM : The development of KM Knowledge began to be viewed as a competitive asset in the 80s, around the same time that information explosion started becoming an issue The trend was fueled by the development of IT systems which made it simple to store, display, and archive classified, indexed information The process received a fillip after Drucker (and others) stressed the role of knowledge as an organization resource, and Senge popularized ‘learning organizations’ Seeds of KM may also be found in business practices like TQM and BPR to which KM is often compared The sources of KM : The sources of KM Today, KM draws from a wide range of disciplines/practices – Cognitive science Groupware, AI, KBMS Library and information science Document management Decision support systems Technical writing Organizational science Many more KM today (catch-all?) : KM today (catch-all?) There is a great risk today of KM over-reaching itself Everything from organizational learning to business and competitive intelligence has become fair game for KM There are KM components to each of these but these spaces are however best left to specialized practitioners The scope of KM : The scope of KM Today, most companies define the scope of KM as – KM mechanics (tools for information management) KM culture (knowledge as a social activity) KM systems (knowledge sharing as part of an organization’s DNA) KM mechanics : KM mechanics Information management may well be considered the first wave of KM (and is still often considered synonymous with KM) Information management tries to make the right information available to the right person at the right time though a variety of database driven information applications Information management tools try to capture the human experience of knowledge through the collecting, classifying, disseminating, searching, indexing, and archival power of technology Limitations of mechanical KM : Limitations of mechanical KM Reliance on technology produces consensual knowledge (over-reliance on best practices for instance) and may stifle innovation The notion that ‘right information’ is predictable and flows from historical data may be flawed Making information available in not enough; getting people to use it is more critical KM culture : KM culture All knowledge has a social and evolutionary facet There is a crying need to continuously subject knowledge to re-examination and modification It is important to keep the human and social elements of organization involved in all stored knowledge KM culture through CoP : KM culture through CoP Communities of practice (or thematic groups) are a popular way of injecting KM culture in an organization CoPs are fora where members share information and experiences, develop new insights, assimilate and transform knowledge CoPs emphasize shared interests and work across locations and time zones (often using technology developed during KM’s first wave) KM systems : KM systems KM succeeds fully when it is woven into the fabric of an organization and becomes intrinsic to an organization’s processes Common practices include – Formal KM leadership Formal rewards and recognition for KM oriented work Tools and mechanisms that encourage knowledge sharing Development of knowledge bases Intellectual asset management Metrics to evaluate KM initiatives KM systems today : KM systems today In many ways, the systemic approach is the logical culmination of KM mechanics and KM culture Many KM systems are however not yet robust enough – KM metrics (surveys, benchmarking, cost/benefit studies, service evaluation) are still an inexact science Knowledge workers are often KM resistant (KM is frequently considered an oxymoron) KM – the report card : KM – the report card Clearly, the jury is still out on KM though there is increased acceptance that KM can be central to organizational success The key achievements of KM have been in emphasizing that – There is a tacit dimension of knowledge creation which must be recognized and valued Knowledge is subjective and interpretative and distinct from raw data or information Meaning is central to knowledge creation Knowledge is social and interactive in nature Technology is an inalienable aspect of KM KM readings/references : KM readings/references Good sources on the internet include The KM forum ( The CIO magazine’s knowledge management research center ( The KMNetwork ( The KM resource center ( KM readings/references – contd. : KM readings/references – contd. The KM literature is vast, but good starting points include – Nonaka, Ikujiro, and Hirotaka Takeuchi. The Knowledge-Creating Company. Senge, Peter M. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization Wiig, Karl, M. Knowledge Management Foundations: Thinking About Thinking - How People and Organizations Represent, Create and Use Knowledge Menou, Michel J. (Ed.). Measuring the Impact of Information on Development Harris, Michael H. History of Libraries in the Western World Feedback/Questions : Feedback/Questions

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Knowledge Management 101: Definition and Key Studies ...

Knowledge Management is the management buzzword of the year. But what does it really mean? Here are some pointers and definitions of what KM is all about.
Read more - Content Unavailable

please enter the text below: SEARCH Content People Advanced Index. Invite Your Colleagues To
Read more

Knowledge management 101 -

Michela Ledwidge 23 October 2008 Knowledge management is one of those terms you have probably heard but dismissed as something only big companies do.
Read more

Knowledge Management 101 | VSubatra@MKM MMU

DefinitionKnowledge management is a discipline of enabling individuals, teams and entire organizations to collectively and systematically create, share ...
Read more - Knowledge Management 101

Here it is, a comprehensive crash course on knowledge management--what it is, what it does and why your company needs it.
Read more

"Knowledge Management 101" by Drake, Miriam A ...

Academic programs in information and library management have moved far beyond the traditional curricula in librarianship that emphasize sources and rules ...
Read more

Knowledge Management 101 KMS - YouTube

Knowledge Management 101 KMS XPERT TECHNOLOGIES - Empowering The Paperless Economy XPERT KNOWLEDGE ...
Read more

Knowledge Management 101? - Above and Beyond KM

Permalink. I whole heartedly agree! Knowledge management is not for idiots. It requires deep introspection and constant reassessment of whatever we think ...
Read more