Published on March 6, 2014
China KNOW YOUR COMMUNITY – KNOW YOUR WORLD
SHANNON ANICAS • I have been studying Chinese culture at the University of Akron since 2008, began studying Chinese in 2009 • My first trip to China was 2010 • I lived in China from August 2011 through August 2012
QUICK FACTS • • • • • • • • • • Full name: People’s Republic of China (October 1, 1949) Population: 1.35 billion (UN, 2011) Capital: Beijing Largest city: Shanghai Area: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq mi) Major language: Mandarin Chinese Major religion: Buddism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 76 years (women) Monetary unit: Renminbi (yuan) Main exports: Manufactured goods, including textiles, garments, electronics • GNI per capita: US$4940 (World Bank, 2011)
The Capital has moved 15 different times! • 31 Provinces (States)
There are 56 different minority groups within mainland China.
CHINA’S OFFICIAL… Bird: Red Crowned Crane Flower: Peony Animal: Panda Sport: Ping Pong Fruit: Kiwi Symbol: Dragon
LANDFORMS Huang He Yellow River Xi’an City Wall Leshan Giant Buddha Gobe Desert Guilin Mountians Yangtze River Three Gorges Tibet Beijing-Temple of Heaven
China’s Governement Xi Jinping •LEADER: Xi Jinping was just elected •GOVERNMENT: People’s Congress System (Communist) •VOTING AGE: 18 •Since the founding of the PRC there have been only 6 other men in charge.
Chairman Mao Zedong Zhao Ziyang Jiang Zemin Hua Guofeng Hu Yaobang Hu Jintao
CHINA IS THE WORLD’S OLDEST CONTINUOUS CIVILIZATION. The Bronze Masks The Bronze Bell Set THE Mogao Grottos The Great Wall The terracotta warriors
CHINESE DYNASTIES • There were 12 major dynasties with numerous subdynasties.
ECONOMICS • Market socialism China is the fast growing economy in the world. It has grown nearly 10% every year for the past 30 years.
Everyday-Economics CNY: CHINESE YUAN RENMINBI money-changing ： 1.00 USD = 6.21 CNY (4/2013)
WHAT CAN $1.00/6.21RMB BUY?
Everyday-Economics JOBS – WHAT AGE DO YOUNG PEOPLE START WORKING - KINDS OF JOBS ? • According to the Labor Law of the People’s Republic of China, young people who are 16-year-old can join a part-time job after regular school time. • However, education is extremely important in families and students are expected to focus all their attention on school so they rarely work until after high school.
CHINESE TRADITIONAL HOLIDAYS Spring Festival Festival of Lanterns Tomb-sweeping Day Dragon Boat Festival Chinese Valentine's Day Mid-autumn Festival The Double Ninth Festival
CHINESE SPRING FESTIVAL （ CHINESE NEW YEAR ） Jan.1 Chinese Lunar Calendar
Dumpling for Spring Festival
FESTIVAL OF LANTERNS 15 days after Chinese New Year
Lanterns made by Ice
Tomb-sweeping Day Qingming Festival
DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL
ZONG ZI (STICKY RICE DUMPLING WRAPPED IN BAMBOO OR REED LEAVES ) Minister Qu Yuan’s death-Suicide by jumping in the river
Mid-autumn Festival MOON CAKE
CONTEMPORARY CUSTOMS- MUSIC - DANCE – SPORTS & TRADITIONS
WHAT IS LIFE LIKE FOR YOUR COUNTERPART? • So, you may wonder what does the person that is your age like, what is in their bed rooms or on their ipods. You might be surprised.
• Since children, beginning at a very young age, are expected to spend many hours not only in school but at school related study sessions, often times from 6 am until after midnight, they don’t have the free time at your age that you do. They often spend it with friends, playing video games, or listening to music.
LANGUAGE: MANDARIN CHINESE nǐ nǎo 你 好 xíng 行 zài jiàn 再 见
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