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Published on November 20, 2007

Author: lebahiep

Source: slideshare.net

BOOK REVIEWS Polymicrobial virus type 1, measles viruses, JC virus, sclerosis, and cancers, such as Kaposi Epstein-Barr virus, and herpes sim- sarcoma, hepatocellular sarcoma, and Diseases plex virus-1. The chapter on mixed cervical cancer. I recommend the book mycotic infections adequately dis- to those who think beyond the “single K.A. Brogden cusses how fungi interact by mecha- agent, single disease” framework and and J.M. Guthmiller, editors nisms such as commensalism, imagine multifactorial causes for opportunism, mixed colonization, co- those diseases currently listed as “eti- ASM Press isolation, and dual and polymicrobial ology unknown.” Washington, D.C., 2002 infection. Harry W. Haverkos ISBN: 1-55581-244-9 Growing two or more microbes in Pages: 446, Price: $115.95 the laboratory in a clinical situation Food And Drug Administration, Rockville, does not prove that a polymicrobial Maryland Polymicrobial diseases involve infection is the cause of the disease. multiple infectious agents and are The editors and authors do not provide referred to as complex, complicated, a framework similar to that of Robert Manual of mixed, dual, secondary, synergistic, Koch or Bradford Hill, which one can concurrent, polymicrobial, coinfec- use to decipher the role(s) of each can- Commercial tions. This new book, a collection of didate agent in a polymicrobial dis- Methods in Clinical 21 chapters written by a variety of ease. A limited discussion is provided authors, reviews mixed infections in Microbiology on the role of noninfectious factors, animals and humans. The chapters are such as genetics of the host, retained gathered into sections on polyviral “hardware,” alcohol in hepatitis, or Allan L. Truant diseases, polybacterial diseases, viral tobacco use in respiratory diseases. and bacterial infections, fungal infec- How each of the chapters was selected American Society tions, infections resulting from for inclusion and what other topics for Microbiology microbe-induced immunosuppres- were considered is not clear. Washington, D.C., 2002 sion, and a concluding perspective. The reference lists are one of the ISBN: 1-55581-189-2 Polymicrobial diseases described book’s strengths but also a weakness. Pages: 502, Price: $115.95 include abscesses, AIDS-related The lists are extensive, occupying opportunistic infections, conjunctivi- about 30% of the book’s pages. Priori- During the past 25–30 years, tre- tis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis, multiple tizing the outside readings on each mendous strides have been made in sclerosis, otitis media, periodontal dis- topic would have been useful. Several the development of various commer- eases, respiratory diseases, and genital of the chapters might have been com- cial methods designed to simplify the infections. Approximately two-thirds bined, such as the two on periodontal isolation (in some cases) and the of the chapters deal with human dis- diseases, those on retroviruses, and detection or identification (in most eases; the others discuss infections in those on respiratory diseases in cases) of many different microbes in cattle, goats, and pigs. humans, cattle, and pigs. In the next the laboratory. During these years, the The chapters are generally well edition, the authors might explore the time-honored conventional test meth- written with a focus on microbiology, polymicrobial etiology of Reye syn- ods have served the overall science of pathogenesis, and to a lesser degree, drome, autoimmune disorders, athero- treatment. The chapters on abscesses, multiple sclerosis, and mixed mycotic infections are especially informative. The chapter on abscesses provides a comprehensive review of the microbi- ology processes involved, the role of anaerobes in mixed infections, and animal models. The section on viruses and multiple sclerosis is provocative in its proposal that several viruses might coexist and interact to promote multiple sclerosis and other neuro- logic diseases. The list of candidate etiologic agents includes Human herp- esvirus-6, human T-lymphotropic • Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2003 141 Emerging Infectious Diseases

BOOK REVIEWS on licensure and regulation of com- microbiology well. However, in a clin- audience for this book is primarily mercial products is also included, ical microbiology laboratory, speed clinical microbiologists and other pro- which I found helpful. In addition, the and accuracy are essential because the fessionals who work in these environ- book provides an appendix that lists specimen must be processed and the ments, I suspect that many physicians, the manufacturers and distributors for results returned to the requesting phy- including infectious disease special- many of the systems described in the sician by yesterday, if possible. Thus, ists, will find this book especially book. The authors include a descrip- many of the commercial methods valuable when deciding what tests to tion of the sensitivities, specificities, reviewed in this book were developed order for their patients, especially in and predictive values of the tests from mainly for use in the clinical microbi- light of the high costs of health care. peer-reviewed sources. Another chap- ology laboratory, providing both rapid As with any multi-authored text, ter of interest focuses on future tech- and accurate results with a minimum some unevenness in the writing is nology for the clinical microbiology of hands-on use. expected. However, I believe that the laboratory. My only suggestion is that To my knowledge, this reference overall scope and format of this book future editions of this text include a manual is the first resource that covers are quite useful, and that readers will chapter on the history of how all these all subdisciplines of clinical microbi- find this manual a valuable, compre- commercial tests came into being, ology. The book contains 18 chapters, hensive source of information. The instead of various authors alluding to including separate chapters on molec- authors are to be commended for tack- this point in their respective chapters. ular microbiology, emerging infec- ling such an enormous project and Each chapter is well referenced, tious diseases, information manage- successfully presenting it in such a and many chapters contain tabular ment, and veterinary clinical microbi- readable format. material that is, for the most part, easy ology, as well as chapters on bacterial William J. Martin to read and understand. The photogra- identification and antimicrobial sus- phy is adequate, although several pho- ceptibility testing, blood cultures, Tucson, Arizona tographs are blurred and lack clear mycology and mycobacteriology, definition. Although the intended virology, and parasitology. A chapter Full text free online at www.cdc.gov/eid The print journal is available at no charge to public health professionals YES, I would like to receive Emerging Infectious Diseases. Please print your name and business address in the box and return by fax to 404-371-5449 or mail to EID Editor CDC/NCID/MS D61 1600 Clifton Road, NE Atlanta, GA 30333 Moving? Please give us your new address (in the box) and print the number of your old mailing label here______________ • Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2003 142 Emerging Infectious Diseases

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