Published on March 7, 2014
Kidney Disease Diet
Lesser the amount of Sodium Intake Sodium is an essential mineral needed for the body for water balance but if we consume more sodium content foods diseased kidneys can’t filter it out thereby extra sodium & fluid buildup inside the body. This situation leads to swollen ankles, puffiness, a rise in blood pressure, etc. Avoid high sodium content canned foods, processed meats, restaurant & takeaway foods, etc. Limit the amount of salt & salt seasonings like table salt, seasoning salt, garlic salt, meat tenderizer, etc. and Salty Sauces & Snacks like barbecue sauce, soy sauce, crackers, potato chips, nuts, popcorn, etc. Always check the Nutrition Facts Label of food products to know the amount of sodium. Always choose sodium free, salt free, very low sodium, unsalted, reduced sodium, light sodium, lightly salted food products.
Lesser the amount of Potassium in your Diet Potassium is a mineral needed for keeping heartbeat regular and proper working of muscles. If kidneys are not healthy the amount of potassium in blood increases to dangerous levels. Avoid high potassium foods like Dried fruits, Grapefruit juice, orange juice, honeydew, Artichoke, Baked beans, Carrots, black beans, lentils, legumes, pumpkin, tomato, chocolate, granola, milk, yogurt, etc. Safe level of potassium in blood for Adults is 3.5-5.0 mEq/L or 3.5-5.0 mmol/L Eat Low Potassium foods like Apple, blackberries, blueberries, cherries, grapes, pineapples, plums, watermelon, asparagus, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, kale, lettuce, onions, radish, watercress, etc. Eating more of these foods gives the result of high potassium foods so limit the amount to ½ cup size.
Choose Less Phosphorus Foods Phosphorus is needed for bones to be stronger. In the case of kidney diseases, kidneys cannot remove phosphorus very well. Extra phosphorus in your body pulls calcium out of your bones and bones became weak. Reduce the consumption of high phosphorus foods like chocolate drinks, beer, cheese, milk, ice cream, pudding, yogurt, oysters, sardines, lentils, black beans, baked beans, chick beans, bran cereals, caramels, seeds, nuts, wholegrain products, etc. Normal level of phosphorus in blood is 2.5 to 4.5 mg/dL
Limit the amount of Protein in Diet Protein is required for growth and repairing of all cells. When body breaks down protein from the foods you eat a waste product named Urea is created. In the case of kidney disease person this urea is not removed from the body. Increased level of urea in blood leads to fatigue & poor appetite. Eat enough amount of protein containing foods without overloading your kidney functions.
3 Simple Tests to Check for Kidney Disease 1. Blood Pressure High blood pressure is a symptom of kidney disease. The normal blood pressure level is 120/80 2. Urinalysis A urinalysis is a test that checks a sample of your urine for the amount of protein, blood (red blood cells and white blood cells) and other things. Protein and red and white blood cells are not normally found in the urine, so having too much of any of these may mean kidney disease. Having protein in the urine is one of the earliest signs of kidney disease. Other tests to check for protein in urine,
a. Protein to Creatinine ratio test It is the most accurate way to measure protein in the urine. A value of 200 mg/gm or less per day is normal. A value higher than 200 mg/gm is too high. b. Albumin to Creatinine ratio test It is good for people at increased risk for kidney disease — people with diabetes, high blood pressure, or family history of diabetes, high blood pressure or kidney failure. A value of less than 30 mg/gm per day is normal for the albumin to creatinine ratio; a value of 30 mg/gm per day or higher is high and may be a sign of early kidney disease. 3. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) GFR is estimated from results of a serum (or blood)creatinine test. The GFR tells how well your kidneys are working to remove wastes from your blood. It is the best way to check kidney function. A serum (or blood) creatinine test alone should not be used to check kidney function. GFR is calculated using the serum creatinine and other factors such as age and gender. In the early stages of kidney disease GFR may be normal. A value of 60 or higher is normal (GFR decreases with age). A GFR number of less than 60 is low and may mean that you have kidney disease.
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