Keys to Success The Qwerty Keyboard

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Information about Keys to Success The Qwerty Keyboard

Published on November 20, 2008

Author: laneydee


Keys to Success:  Keys to Success Learning to Use the Computer Keyboard Ergonomics Qwerty Keyboard Layout Key Usage Touch Typing Character Maps Cleaning Your Keyboard Ergonomics First:  Ergonomics First Qwerty Keyboard Layout:  Qwerty Keyboard Layout Keyboard:  Keyboard The name "QWERTY" for our computer keyboard comes from the first six letters in the top left alphabet row (the one just below the numbers 1-7). Sometimes referred to as "Universal" keyboard. Inventor C. L. Sholes put together the prototypes of the first commercial typewriter in a Milwaukee machine shop back in the 1860's and sold to Remington in the same year, when it first appeared in typewriters. Windows Keys:  Windows Keys Pressing and releasing the Windows key by itself opens the Start Menu Pressing the key in combination with other keys allows invoking many common functions through the keyboard. Application Key:  Application Key This key has an image of a mouse pointer on a menu. Depressing this key will display the selected item's shortcut window. This is the menu that is displayed by right-clicking. Function Keys:  Function Keys Most computer keyboards have a row of function keys at the top of the keyboard – they are marked F1 through F10 or F12. NumLock and Numeric Keys:  NumLock and Numeric Keys Many, but not all, computer keyboards have a numeric keypad located on the right side of the keyboard. Cursor Control Keys:  Cursor Control Keys Cursor control Arrow keys are used to control the movement of cursor around the screen. Home, End, PgUp, PgDn also control cursor movement. Enter/Return Keys:  Enter/Return Keys In any dialog box, a selected button or command can be selected by depressing the Enter key. Creates a new paragraph <p> or what is referred to as a Hard Return when typing. Slide11:  When you press F1, the application you are using displays a help topic most closely related to the component—a window or button for example—that is highlighted. Or, if a dialog box is open, pressing F1 will display an explanation of the dialog box. The F1 key is a shortcut for clicking the dialog box's Help button. If there is no open application, F1 will open Windows Help. Press - The Help Key Space Bar:  Space Bar Inserts a space between words. It is suggested that you utilize Tabs (or other formatting commands) to put distance between different separations (such as columns). Using the space bar to insert visual space works but would not be considered good practice in your page design. Pressing the Space Bar while viewing a web page in Internet Explorer will scroll the page downwards. Escape:  Escape The Escape key, which is marked ESC on most keyboards, is basically used to exit or escape from programs and tasks. In many cases, it will have no effect at all. However, it can sometimes get you out of trouble by making the computer go back or escape to a previous screen. Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button. Shift Keys:  Shift Keys This key allows selection of capital letters when depressing the alphabet characters, or selecting the characters above other non-alpha keys. The shift key is commonly located on both the left and right-hand of the keyboard and is commonly located below the caps lock key and the enter or return key. Depressing the Shift key while inserting a CD/ROM will bypass autoplay. Caps Lock:  Caps Lock Locks keyboard to an ALL CAPS mode. This is a toggle key, meaning you press once to type in ALL CAPS mode. Press again to return to normal typing. Only applies to alphabetical keys. The Caps Lock key should be used with caution. Using ALL CAPS is a netiquette NO-NO (it means you are shouting!). PrintScreen:  PrintScreen The Print Screen key is usually located at the upper right hand corner of your keyboard (usually next to Scroll Lock and Pause/Break) keys. Can be abbreviated as PrtScr, the Print Screen key can be very useful and is supported on most, but not all, PCs. Windows and some graphics programs use the Print Screen key to capture the screen (screen captures). Freeware programs are available to help you capture screens. Control Key (CTRL) :  Control Key (CTRL) Find the CTRL key on your keyboard. The CTRL key is used in conjunction with another key. Holding it down while pressing another key will initiate a certain action. CTRL key combinations are defined by the application being used. Alternate Key (ALT):  Alternate Key (ALT) Like the Control Key, the ALT key is used in combination with other keys. In most Windows programs, each of the menu choices at the top of the screen has one letter underlined. Holding down the ALT key while pressing the key corresponding to the underlined letter will open the menu just as though you had clicked your mouse on that menu choice. Touch Typing:  Touch Typing All fingers are first placed on their "home keys". A S D F and J K L ; are called the home keys. Let’s Type! Inserting Symbols Not on Keyboard:  Inserting Symbols Not on Keyboard Have you ever noticed that the computer keyboard doesn't include symbols like the cent sign , the degree sign or the registered symbol? Yet these symbols are fairly easy to insert into computer documents if you know how to find them.  You will need a Character Map. Inserting Symbols Not on Keyboard:  Inserting Symbols Not on Keyboard In Windows Windows XP or Vista, click: Start All Programs Accessories System Tools Character Map. Character Map:  Character Map When the Character Map appears it will look similar to the example Shortcut Key to Character:  Shortcut Key to Character If you use that particular symbol a lot, you can also use its shortcut key to put it in any document without opening the Character Map every time you want to use that symbol. In the example below, the shortcut keys for the ¢ character would be Alt+0162 on the numeric keypad If You Use Characters Frequently…:  If You Use Characters Frequently… Jot down that shortcut key. If you will use it a lot, memorize it or put it on a sticky note on your computer. Then go to the email or document and put your cursor where you want the symbol to appear. Make sure the NumLock for the numeric keypad is on. (It is a toggle key, pressing once will turn it on, pressing it again will turn it off.) Let’s Do It!:  Let’s Do It! Hold down the Alt key while you enter the numbers that represent that symbol: 0162. Use the numeric keypad. When you release the Alt key, the symbol will appear in your document. More Information on Character Maps:  More Information on Character Maps How to Clean Your Keyboard (Video):  How to Clean Your Keyboard (Video) A keyboard can get dirty pretty quickly. There are many ways to clean a keyboard, but as usual, there is a right way to perform this simple task.   Turn your computer off and unplug the keyboard, noting the location of the connection so you can reconnect it later, before cleaning. Let’s watch a short video: Online Typing/Keyboard Links:  Online Typing/Keyboard Links Slide29:  Thanks for coming!

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