Key Elements Of African Geography

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Information about Key Elements Of African Geography

Published on March 26, 2008

Author: rhalter

Source: slideshare.net

Key Elements of African Geography

Size Second largest continent Three times the size of the United States Divided in half by the equator

Second largest continent

Three times the size of the United States

Divided in half by the equator

Great Rift Valley U-shaped valley 2,000 feet deep, 30-50 miles wide Major geographic barrier, transportation was very difficult

U-shaped valley

2,000 feet deep, 30-50 miles wide

Major geographic barrier, transportation was very difficult

Coastline Smooth coastline = few natural harbors Shallow coastal areas forced boats to anchor far offshore These two factors prevented exploration

Smooth coastline = few natural harbors

Shallow coastal areas forced boats to anchor far offshore

These two factors prevented exploration

Rivers Excellent potential for hydroelectric power Nile – worlds longest river Many of the rivers are not navigable

Excellent potential for hydroelectric power

Nile – worlds longest river

Many of the rivers are not navigable

Natural Resources Gold (Ghana, Zaire) Oil (Nigeria, Libya, Algeria) Diamonds – 80% of worlds supply

Gold (Ghana, Zaire)

Oil (Nigeria, Libya, Algeria)

Diamonds – 80% of worlds supply

Deserts 40 % of continent Sahara – worlds largest desert, about the size of the United States Geographic barrier – divides the continent into two halves, north and south Kalahari desert located in the southern part of Africa

40 % of continent

Sahara – worlds largest desert, about the size of the United States

Geographic barrier – divides the continent into two halves, north and south

Kalahari desert located in the southern part of Africa

Effects of Geography Transportation is difficult Rivers have rapids and waterfalls Smooth coastline Climate Sahara is a cultural barrier Farming is difficult due to scarcity of farmland and hot temperatures Poor soil Resources are plentiful Need money and skilled laborers to develop Major hydroelectric potential

Transportation is difficult

Rivers have rapids and waterfalls

Smooth coastline

Climate

Sahara is a cultural barrier

Farming is difficult due to scarcity of farmland and hot temperatures

Poor soil

Resources are plentiful

Need money and skilled laborers to develop

Major hydroelectric potential

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