Keep talking: from text to touch screen (2014)

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Information about Keep talking: from text to touch screen (2014)

Published on March 5, 2014

Author: LeonieWatson



A look at the origins of assistive technology for blind people, its context within the digital evolution, the challenges of evolving screen reader technology, and a glimpse into the future of assistive technology.

Keep talking From text to touch screen @LeonieWatson 1

Overview • • • • Where it all began Technology changed the world From text to touch screen Keep talking @LeonieWatson 2

Where it all began @LeonieWatson 3

1st Century Magnifying glass • Seneca the Younger writes: • "Letters, however small and indistinct, are seen enlarged and more clearly through a globe or glass filled with water." @LeonieWatson 4

14th Century Eye-glasses • Friar Alessandro della Spina makes corrective eye-glasses @LeonieWatson 5

1808 Typing machine • Pellegrino Turri invents a typing machine @LeonieWatson 6

1876 Telephones • Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone @LeonieWatson 7

1917 Condensing microphone • EC Wente invents condenser microphone @LeonieWatson 8

1936 Artificial speech • HW Dudley invents artificial talking machine @LeonieWatson 9

1952 Speech recognition • Davis, Biddulph and Balasek invent first speech recognition device @LeonieWatson 10

Technology changed the world @LeonieWatson 11

1948 Transistor • Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain invent the transistor @LeonieWatson 12

1955 Transistor computer • Felker and Harris create first fully transistor based computer @LeonieWatson 13

1970 Xerox PARC • Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) is established @LeonieWatson 14

1971 Email • Ray Tomlinson sends first email over ARPANet @LeonieWatson 15

1974 Mouse • Xerox Alto is first computer with mouse input @LeonieWatson 16

1981 Personal Computer • IBM PC with DOS ignites the Personal Computer (PC) market @LeonieWatson 17

1983 Graphical User Interface • Apple releases first PC with Graphical User Interface (GUI) @LeonieWatson 18

1984 Keyboard • IBM ships first PC with keyboard peripheral @LeonieWatson 19

1985 Windows • Windows 1.0 is released by Microsoft @LeonieWatson 20

1990 Web • Tim Berners Lee proposes HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML) @LeonieWatson 21

1993 Mosaic • Mosaic web browser is released @LeonieWatson 22

1994 Netscape Navigator • Netscape Navigator 1.0 is released @LeonieWatson 23

1995 Internet Explorer • Internet Explorer 1.0 is released @LeonieWatson 24

From text to touch screen @LeonieWatson 25

1969 BCAB • British Computer Association of the Blind (BCAB) is established @LeonieWatson 26

1978 Speak n Spell • Speak n Spell is released @LeonieWatson 27

1986 IBM Screen Reader • IBM Screen Reader is released @LeonieWatson 28

1989 Outspoken • Outspoken for Macintosh is released @LeonieWatson 29

1990 IBM Screen Reader 2 • IBM Screen Reader 2 is released @LeonieWatson 30

1995 Jaws 1 • Jaws 1.0 is released by Henter Joyce @LeonieWatson 31

1995 Window-Eyes • Window-Eyes is released by GW Micro @LeonieWatson 32

2002 Jaws 4 • Jaws 4.0 is released, introducing quick navigation @LeonieWatson 33

2005 VoiceOver • VoiceOver is released with OSX10.4 @LeonieWatson 34

2007 NVDA • Non Visual Desktop Access (NVDA) is released by NV Access @LeonieWatson 35

2009 Mobile • VoiceOver for iOS and TalkBack for Android are released @LeonieWatson 36

Keep talking @LeonieWatson 37

2013 Tactile air • Disney develops tactile air feedback @LeonieWatson 38

2013 Tactile 3D • Disney prototypes 3D tactile interface @LeonieWatson 39

2013 Google Glass • Google Glass goes into public beta @LeonieWatson 40

2011 Argus II • Argus II visual prosthesis approved for clinical trial in the EU @LeonieWatson 41

2014 Contact lenses • Prototype contact lenses relay images @LeonieWatson 42

Thank you @LeonieWatson 43

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