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Kashif APNG Presentation

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Information about Kashif APNG Presentation
Business-Finance

Published on January 15, 2009

Author: aSGuest10698

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: Role of Information Technology in Natural Disasters and Hazard Reduction– An eye on Pakistan Earthquake Kashif Adeel MS (Project Mgmt.), National University (NUCES), Lahore, Pakistan Quality Lead, Advasys Pvt. Ltd. Slide 2: Roadmap Own Experience - 8th Oct 2005 Earthquake in Pakistan Scientific information - Pakistan earthquake of 8 Oct 2005 Technologies for disasters prevention and management Remote Sensing Systems Geographic Information System Global Positioning System Warning and Forecasting System Internet Communication Technology Slide 3: Roadmap Information Systems required to manage disasters Strategies, Recommendations and Future plans for Disaster Mitigation and Recovery Management References Pakistan : Pakistan Population 162 Million (Ranked 6th) Area 800,000 Sq. Km. (Ranked 34th) GDP (PPP) $ 392,526 Million (Ranked 26th) Province 4 Capital Islamabad Urban Population 33% Rural Population 67% Literacy rate 44% Slide 5: Proportion of People Killed per Type of Disaster (1980-2000) % UNDP Slide 6: Earthquake Nature Almost unpredictable disaster No early warning But we can protect ourselves & minimize the damage to our homes, schools & work places by using Information Technology Slide 7: Peak Ground Acceleration (m/s2) Earthquake hazard zones Slide 8: Date: 30 May 1935 Location: Quetta / Balouchistan Magnitude: 8.1 on the Richter scale Time: 19:00:46.9 UTC Epicentre: 27.39N, 88.75E Depth: 17 Kms Death: 30,000 Largest earthquake in Pakistan ! Pakistan8th October Earthquake : Pakistan8th October Earthquake Slide 10: One of the strongest earthquakes in the area Earthquake, 8 Oct 2005: Slide 11: Magnitude: 7.6 on the Richter scale (USGS) 7.8 on the Richter scale (JMA) Classification: Major Aftershock: ~ 200 from 5.4 – 6.2 Date: Saturday 8 Oct 2005 Time: 8:50 AM at the local time Earthquake, 8 Oct 2005: Slide 12: When disaster strikes, years of development can be wiped out in seconds Earthquake Statistics : Earthquake Statistics Dead: 73,000 persons This includes over 18,000 children Injured: 150,000 persons Overall affected: 3.2- 3.5 million persons Without Shelter: 2.8 million persons (approx.) Without adequate food: 2.3 million persons Employment loss: 325,000 persons (30%) Housing : 400153 shelter units destroyed or seriously damaged. 2.8 million persons without shelter Education : 4844 destroyed 2647 damaged Health : 455 destroyed 119 damaged Roads : 4429 km damaged (37%) Source: Government of Pakistan - as of Nov 3, 2005 Time to Learn : Time to Learn In many areas of the world, like Pakistan and Iran, earthquake is the feature of our life Just we need is understanding the nature and characteristics of the earthquake We should learn how be prepared and what we should do when it happens. Use the Right Technology! DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMPONENTS : search & rescue DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMPONENTS DISASTER MANAGEMENT MITIGATION RESPONSE Risk analysis Prevention Preparedness hazard assessment structural measures warning and evacuation vulnerability assessment non-structural measures Planning of disaster response rehabilitation risk assessment reconstruction DISASTER MANAGEMENT MITIGATION RESPONSE Risk analysis Prevention Preparedness hazard assessment structural measures warning and evacuation vulnerability assessment non-structural measures Planning of disaster response rehabilitation risk assessment reconstruction DISASTER MANAGEMENT MITIGATION RESPONSE Risk analysis Prevention Preparedness hazard assessment structural measures warning and evacuation humanitarian assistance vulnerability assessment non-structural measures Planning of disaster response rehabilitation risk assessment reconstruction Information Technology! Slide 18: Role of Technology and Systems Disaster Management Mitigation and Response Technologies : Technologies Remote Sensing Systems Geographic Information System Global Positioning System Warning and Forecasting System Internet Communication Technology REMOTE SENSING SYSTEM : REMOTE SENSING SYSTEM Set of techniques used to obtain information about the earth’s surface and atmosphere at some distance , usually by means of radiation from the electro-magnetic spectrum. e.g Earth Observation and Weather satellites Geographic Information System (GIS) : Geographic Information System (GIS) It is a computer system capable of integrating, storing, editing, analyzing, sharing, and displaying geographically-referenced information. e.g. GIS can allow emergency planners to easily calculate emergency response times in the event of a natural disaster Role of GIS and Remote Sensing in various disasters : Role of GIS and Remote Sensing in various disasters Earthquake Floods Landslides Search and Rescue Global Positioning System : Global Positioning System User at any point on or near the Earth’s can obtain instantaneous three-dimensional coordinates of their location. Makes it possible to pinpoint the location of damage sites and floodplains. Warning and Forecasting System : Warning and Forecasting System Forecasting, monitoring and issuing early warning plays the most significant role in determining whether a natural hazard will assume disastrous proportions or not. Flood Cyclone Earthquake warning station Internet : Potentially revolutionary option for : Rapid, automatic and global dissemination of disaster information. e.g. RISEPAK - Relief Information System for Earthquakes Pakistan Award Winning under “Public Administration”category by Stockholm Challenge 2005-2006 Easy way to disseminate the information related to: Weather observations Forecasts Satellite and other data Internet Communication Technology : Communication Technology Communication Technology is recognized as an integral to disaster management for a long time which include: Internet Mobile Phones Fax E-Mail Radio and Television HAM Radio Can be effectively used in mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Slide 27: Natural Disasters would keep  happening, we cannot avoid them, so let’s prepare ourselves. Lets build a Disaster Management Information System.............. Information Systems required to manage Disasters : Information Systems required to manage Disasters Critical Incident Management System Supply Chain Management System Disaster Information System Integrated Financial Management System Applicant Assistance Centers Computer Networks e.g IBM Crises Management System, SAHANA in Collaboration with NADRA Pakistan Slide 29: In the coming years the new technologies in communication and information will potentially redefine the conventional disaster management system. CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION Recognizing the fact that hazard mitigation pays high social and economic dividends. Carry out the engineering, architecture and planning measures -Risk Assessment -Land use zoning -Planning of habitat -Implementation of building codes Create the supportive structure of -public awareness -education and training -research and development about the safety from natural disasters Appropriate policy, financial and institutional support at national and state levels need to be provided for putting this strategy into a workable action plan. Slide 31: The international community should demonstrate strong political determination required to mobilize adequate and make efficient use of existing resources, including financial, scientific and technological means, in the field of natural disaster reduction, bearing in mind the needs of the developing countries, particularly the least developed countries. Final Words.. Acknowledgements : Acknowledgements Special thanks to the participant: Industrial concerned Government People References : References Earthquake Pakistan online Portal www.earthquakepakistan.com/ US Geological Survey web resources on earthquakes http://quake.wr.usgs.gov/ Recommendation on Establishment of Early Warning Systems by Dr. Xuan, Chairman ICST UNESCAP, Bangkok World Disaster Report 2005 – IFRC/RCS Disaster Preparedness: Mitigation and Response New Technologies and Systems by P.V.K. Reddy.IPS, Director NISA, Hyderabad Relief Information Systems for Earthquakes – Pakistan, http://www.risepak.com/Default.aspx Q & A : Q & A

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