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Karbala - Iraq

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Published on November 12, 2008

Author: captainyr1

Source: slideshare.net

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12.11.08.Wed.
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ADAM THE VICEGERENT وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً قَالُواْ أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاء وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ 2:30 AND LO! The Sustainer said unto the angels: "Behold, I am about to establish upon earth one who shall inherit it." They said: "Will you place on it such as will spread corruption thereon and shed blood -whereas it is we who extol your limitless glory, and praise you, and hallow your name?" [God] answered: "Verily, I know that which you do not know!

وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً قَالُواْ أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاء وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ

2:30 AND LO! The Sustainer said unto the angels: "Behold, I am about to establish upon earth one who shall inherit it." They said: "Will you place on it such as will spread corruption thereon and shed blood -whereas it is we who extol your limitless glory, and praise you, and hallow your name?" [God] answered: "Verily, I know that which you do not know!

THE NAMES وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الأَسْمَاء كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلاَئِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاء هَـؤُلاء إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ 2:31 And He imparted unto Adam the names of all things; then He brought them within the ken of the angels and said: "Declare unto Me the names of these , if what you say is true. “

وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الأَسْمَاء كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلاَئِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاء هَـؤُلاء إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

2:31 And He imparted unto Adam the names of all things; then He brought them within the ken of the angels and said: "Declare unto Me the names of these , if what you say is true. “

BE CAREFUL مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِهِ إِلاَّ أَسْمَاء سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَآؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِنِ الْحُكْمُ إِلاَّ لِلّهِ أَمَرَ أَلاَّ تَعْبُدُواْ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ 12:40 "If you are worshipping anything without him, is nothing but names which you have named,- you and your fathers,- for which Allah has sent down no authority : the command is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him: that is the right religion, but most men understand not...

مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِهِ إِلاَّ أَسْمَاء سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَآؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِنِ الْحُكْمُ إِلاَّ لِلّهِ أَمَرَ أَلاَّ تَعْبُدُواْ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

12:40 "If you are worshipping anything without him, is nothing but names which you have named,- you and your fathers,- for which Allah has sent down no authority : the command is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him: that is the right religion, but most men understand not...

AUTHORITY وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَى بِآيَاتِنَا وَ سُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ HUD :96 And we sent Moses, with Our signs and an authority manifest. يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَن تَنفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَارِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانفُذُوا لَا تَنفُذُونَ إِلَّا بِسُلْطَانٍ Ar-Rahman :33 O assembly of Jinns and men! If you can pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, pass. You cannot without a clear authority.

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَى بِآيَاتِنَا وَ سُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

HUD :96 And we sent Moses, with Our signs and an authority manifest.

يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَن تَنفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَارِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانفُذُوا لَا تَنفُذُونَ إِلَّا بِسُلْطَانٍ

Ar-Rahman :33 O assembly of Jinns and men! If you can pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, pass. You cannot without a clear authority.

ANGELS DON’T KNOW THE NAMES قَالُواْ سُبْحَانَكَ لاَ عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلاَّ مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ 2:32 They replied: "Limitless art you in the glory! No knowledge have we save that which you hast imparted unto us. Verily, you alone art all-knowing, truly wise."

قَالُواْ سُبْحَانَكَ لاَ عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلاَّ مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

2:32 They replied: "Limitless art you in the glory! No knowledge have we save that which you hast imparted unto us. Verily, you alone art all-knowing, truly wise."

ADAM KNOWS THE NAMES قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنبِئْهُم بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ فَلَمَّا أَنبَأَهُمْ بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ 2:33 Said He: "O Adam, convey unto them the names of these [things]." And as soon as [Adam] had conveyed unto them their names , [God] said: "Did I not say unto you, `Verily, I alone know the hidden reality of the heavens and the earth, and know all that you bring into the open and all. that you would conceal'?"

قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنبِئْهُم بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ فَلَمَّا أَنبَأَهُمْ بِأَسْمَآئِهِمْ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ

2:33 Said He: "O Adam, convey unto them the names of these [things]." And as soon as [Adam] had conveyed unto them their names , [God] said: "Did I not say unto you, `Verily, I alone know the hidden reality of the heavens and the earth, and know all that you bring into the open and all. that you would conceal'?"

BOW TO ADAM وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُواْ إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ 2:34 And when We told the angels, "Prostrate yourselves before Adam!“ they all prostrated themselves, save Iblis, who refused and gloried in his arrogance: and thus he became one of those who deny the truth.

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُواْ إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ

2:34 And when We told the angels, "Prostrate yourselves before Adam!“ they all prostrated themselves, save Iblis, who refused and gloried in his arrogance: and thus he became one of those who deny the truth.

QUESTIONS 1- Why the angels thought that Adam would create mischief and shed blood? 2- What god knew that angels didn’t know? 3- What god taught Adam? 4- What god placed in front of angels? 5- Why angels couldn’t answer? 6- What was Adam’s answer? 7- When did God asked them to bow? 8- Why Iblis didn’t bow?

1- Why the angels thought that Adam would create mischief and shed blood?

2- What god knew that angels didn’t know?

3- What god taught Adam?

4- What god placed in front of angels?

5- Why angels couldn’t answer?

6- What was Adam’s answer?

7- When did God asked them to bow?

8- Why Iblis didn’t bow?

Why the angels thought that Adam would create mischief and shed blood? Angels ,being one dimensional beings without “NAFS”, believed that every creation with desire (NAFS ) would automatically follow his desires ,and to fulfill them would use every mean at his disposal.

Angels ,being one dimensional beings without “NAFS”, believed that every creation with desire (NAFS ) would automatically follow his desires ,and to fulfill them would use every mean at his disposal.

What god knew that angels didn’t know? God knew that he has put in Adam’s heart some qualities unknown to angels. Human beings are two dimensional creations capable of fighting their desires and sacrifice their terrestrial comfort to please god.

God knew that he has put in Adam’s heart some qualities unknown to angels.

Human beings are two dimensional creations capable of fighting their desires and sacrifice their terrestrial comfort to please god.

What god taught Adam? God taught Adam the human qualities that are divine and absent in angels creation. Self sacrifice, forgiveness, love, passion, giving…..

God taught Adam the human qualities that are divine and absent in angels creation.

Self sacrifice, forgiveness, love, passion, giving…..

What god placed in front of angels? God placed in front of angels some scenarios of those qualities . Those scenarios were the sacrifices and passion of the prophets, messengers of Allah and Imams.

God placed in front of angels some scenarios of those qualities .

Those scenarios were the sacrifices and passion of the prophets, messengers of Allah and Imams.

Why angels couldn’t answer? Because they are one dimensional beings. They cannot understand the meanings of those acts that are only understood by creations that are two dimensional with a NAFS and SPIRIT.

Because they are one dimensional beings.

They cannot understand the meanings of those acts that are only understood by creations that are two dimensional with a NAFS and SPIRIT.

What was Adam’s answer? Adam, remembering the teachings of his god, told the angels the names shown to them. Because Adam has the seed of human qualities planted in his heart

Adam, remembering the teachings of his god, told the angels the names shown to them.

Because Adam has the seed of human qualities planted in his heart

When did God asked them to bow? When the name of Imam Hussain and his ultimate sacrifice was mentioned , the angels were asked to prostrate in front of prophet Adam. They finally understood what God meant by “ I know something you do not know”.

When the name of Imam Hussain and his ultimate sacrifice was mentioned , the angels were asked to prostrate in front of prophet Adam.

They finally understood what God meant by “ I know something you do not know”.

Why Iblis didn’t bow? Sheytan was very proud of his physical nature. I’m made of fire and Adam is made of dirt. This fake proud and feeling of superiority due to his appearance made him a KAFAR. Even today, this feeling of pride and superiority based on physical attributes is the source of all evil behaviors on earth.

Sheytan was very proud of his physical nature.

I’m made of fire and Adam is made of dirt.

This fake proud and feeling of superiority due to his appearance made him a KAFAR.

Even today, this feeling of pride and superiority based on physical attributes is the source of all evil behaviors on earth.

 

HISTORY IS THE LIGHT WHICH ILLUMINATES THE FUTURE. Historical overview of the events leading to the massacre of Karbala.

Historical overview of the events leading to the massacre of Karbala.

INTRODUCTION PEOPLE WHO KILLED IMAM HUSSAIN ( A.S) AND HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS WERE ALL MUSLIMS WHO WERE PRAYING, GOING TO HAJJ, AND FOLLOWING ALL THE ISLAMIC RITUALS. The only difference between the two group, was their view of Islam, and their interpretation of Velayat and Sura Al-Maeda aya 3.

PEOPLE WHO KILLED IMAM HUSSAIN ( A.S) AND HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS WERE ALL MUSLIMS WHO WERE PRAYING, GOING TO HAJJ, AND FOLLOWING ALL THE ISLAMIC RITUALS.

The only difference between the two group, was their view of Islam, and their interpretation of Velayat and Sura Al-Maeda aya 3.

SURA AL- MAEDA AYA 3 (5-3)This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not ,but fear Me. This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.

(5-3)This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not ,but fear Me.

This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.

WHY? Bani Ummaya started infiltrating the Islamic power at the time of the second caliph, USSMAN. Their corruption became so important at his time that ended with a revolt and the death of Ussman. Muawiya , due to his hatred toward the prophet and his family started a campaign of misinformation, showing Imam Ali (A.S.) as the mastermind of Ussman’s death.

Bani Ummaya started infiltrating the Islamic power at the time of the second caliph, USSMAN.

Their corruption became so important at his time that ended with a revolt and the death of Ussman.

Muawiya , due to his hatred toward the prophet and his family started a campaign of misinformation, showing Imam Ali (A.S.) as the mastermind of Ussman’s death.

WHY? With this strategy he obtained the religious power that was missing from his financial and political power. Because Bani Umayya family were rich before the advent of Islam and didn’t want to loose that privilege, but were missing the spiritual power. (SABAA) 34:34 Never did We send a warner to a population, but the wealthy ones among them said: "We believe not in the messenger which you have sent."

With this strategy he obtained the religious power that was missing from his financial and political power.

Because Bani Umayya family were rich before the advent of Islam and didn’t want to loose that privilege, but were missing the spiritual power.

(SABAA) 34:34 Never did We send a warner to a population, but the wealthy ones among them said: "We believe not in the messenger which you have sent."

FAST EXPANSION AL-FATH :28 It is He , Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion, and enough is Allah for a Witness.

AL-FATH :28

It is He , Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion, and enough is Allah for a Witness.

POEM BY AREZOU, March 2004 30,000 against 72, Down the face of so many, spill cold For their unsung hero’s who faced their fears, blooded tears, On the banks of Euphrates such a terrible view, 680 AD, October 11 th 72 man fought, died and forever will remain Down the face of so many, spill cold blooded tears, For their unsung hero’s who faced their fears, 30,000 against 72, On the banks of Euphrates such a terrible view, 680 AD, October 11th 72 man fought, died and forever will remain in heaven,

30,000 against 72,

Down the face of so many, spill cold

For their unsung hero’s who faced their fears,

blooded tears,

On the banks of Euphrates such a terrible view,

680 AD, October 11 th

72 man fought, died and forever will remain

POEM BY AREZOU, March 2004 72 men fought, not for money, not for land, But for the future of Muslims to walk hand in hand, 72 man each took his last breath, They plunged into a war where they would meet their death, 72 men fought, not for money, not for land, But for the future of Muslims to walk hand in hand, 72 man each took his last breath, They plunged into a war where they would meet their death,

72 men fought, not for money,

not for land,

But for the future of Muslims to walk hand in hand,

72 man each took his last breath,

They plunged into a war

where they would meet their death,

POEM BY AREZOU, March 2004 The lives of 72 men were sacrificed in the sake that the truth might prevail, 30.000 against 72, there was much room to fail, 72 men knew they would die, but they had no tears to cry, Without a grim, without a sigh, 72 men get ready to die, The lives of 72 men were sacrificed in the sake that the truth might prevail, 30.000 against 72, there was much room to fail, 72 men knew they would die, but they had no tears to cry, Without a grim, without a sigh, 72 men get ready to die,

The lives of 72 men were sacrificed in the sake that the truth might prevail,

30.000 against 72, there was much room to fail,

72 men knew they would die, but they had no tears to cry,

Without a grim, without a sigh,

72 men get ready to die,

POEM BY AREZOU, March 2004 72 men left out to bleed, The enemy is still yet to succeed, The blood was shed, The word of god now would be spread, The lives of 72 man was taken away, They made possible for Islam to be living to this very day, 72 men left out to bleed, The enemy is still yet to succeed, The blood was shed, The word of god now would be spread, The lives of 72 man was taken away, They made possible for Islam to be living to this very day,

72 men left out to bleed,

The enemy is still yet to succeed,

The blood was shed,

The word of god now would be spread,

The lives of 72 man was taken away,

They made possible for Islam to be living to this very day,

POEM BY AREZOU, March 2004 72 is why the prophet said: Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein, Because 72 men saved Islam by enduring such pain, 72 men ….. 72 men …. 72 men….. Against 30,000, now you ask if they failed? And I say we wouldn’t have been here if they hadn’t prevailed. 72 is why the prophet said: Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein, Because 72 men saved Islam by enduring such pain, 72 men ….. 72 men …. 72 men….. Against 30,000, now you ask if they failed? And I say we wouldn’t have been here if they hadn’t prevailed.

72 is why the prophet said: Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein,

Because 72 men saved Islam by enduring such pain,

72 men ….. 72 men …. 72 men….. Against 30,000, now you ask if they failed?

And I say we wouldn’t have been here if they hadn’t prevailed.

YA ABA ABDULLAH Karbala garden of swords, blood and inspiration for innumerable pens. Karbala is the word of right…the hymn on the lips of time. Karbala is a poem…a rhyme of anguish and pain. Karbala never passes away. Its sun never sets in the horizon of history. Its anguish can never be effaced from the conscience of freemen by the collective conspiracy of tyrants.

Karbala garden of swords, blood and inspiration for innumerable pens.

Karbala is the word of right…the hymn on the lips of time.

Karbala is a poem…a rhyme of anguish and pain.

Karbala never passes away. Its sun never sets in the horizon of history. Its anguish can never be effaced from the conscience of freemen by the collective conspiracy of tyrants.

YA ABA ABDULLAH Imam Hussein awakens free consciences and stirs within man the spirit of revolution and Jihad. His voice is still echoing in the ears of mankind: “ By God, I will never give you my hand like a man who has been humiliated, nor will I flee like a slave.”

Imam Hussein awakens free consciences and stirs within man the spirit of revolution and Jihad. His voice is still echoing in the ears of mankind:

“ By God, I will never give you my hand like a man who has been humiliated, nor will I flee like a slave.”

 

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS 1. Some 50 years before the event of Karbala, the Prophet wept when he was told by the angel Gabriel that Hussein would be killed by the army of Yazid in Karbala.

1. Some 50 years before the event of Karbala, the Prophet wept when he was told by the angel Gabriel that Hussein would be killed by the army of Yazid in Karbala.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS Then Gabriel asked, "O Prophet of God, do you want me to give you some earth from his place of martyrdom ?" The Prophet said, "Yes". Gabriel gave him a handful of earth of Karbala and the Prophet began weeping uncontrollably.

Then Gabriel asked, "O Prophet of God, do you want me to give you some earth from his place of martyrdom ?" The Prophet said, "Yes". Gabriel gave him a handful of earth of Karbala and the Prophet began weeping uncontrollably.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS This tradition is recorded in Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, and Sirrul-'alamin of Imam Ghazali; and has been narrated by Imam Baihaqi, Imam Hakim and scores of other traditionalists.

This tradition is recorded in Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, and Sirrul-'alamin of Imam Ghazali; and has been narrated by Imam Baihaqi, Imam Hakim and scores of other traditionalists.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS The Prophet gave that earth to his wife, Umm Salmah, and told her, "When you see this earth turned into blood, know that Hussein has been martyred."

The Prophet gave that earth to his wife, Umm Salmah, and told her, "When you see this earth turned into blood, know that Hussein has been martyred."

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS 2. On the 10th of Muharram, 61 A.H., Umm Salmah was asleep in the afternoon when she saw the Prophet in her dream: He stood there , his hair was dusty , and in his hand was a bottle full of blood. Umm Salmah asked him what it was. The Prophet said:

2. On the 10th of Muharram, 61 A.H., Umm Salmah was asleep in the afternoon when she saw the Prophet in her dream: He stood there , his hair was dusty , and in his hand was a bottle full of blood. Umm Salmah asked him what it was. The Prophet said:

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS Hafiz Ahmad bin Hussain Baihaqi, says that Abul Qasim Hasan bin Muhammad Mufassir reported from Abu Baqar Muhammed Bin Abdullah bin Ahmed bin Aamir Tai in Basra from his father from Ali Bin Musa from his father Musa bin Jafar from his father Muhammed bin Ali from his father Ali bin Hussain from Asma binte Umais. Asma says: "I assisted your grandmother [Fatema (A)] during the birth of Hassan and Hussain (A). When Hassan (A) was born (she gave details and then continued) ... When Hussain was born, the Holy Prophet (S) came to me and said, 'O Asma! Bring my son [Hussain .' I wrapped Hussain in a white cloth and took him to the Holy Prophet (S) and placed him in his blessed hands.

Hafiz Ahmad bin Hussain Baihaqi, says that Abul Qasim Hasan bin Muhammad Mufassir reported from Abu Baqar Muhammed Bin Abdullah bin Ahmed bin Aamir Tai in Basra from his father from Ali Bin Musa from his father Musa bin Jafar from his father Muhammed bin Ali from his father Ali bin Hussain from Asma binte Umais. Asma says:

"I assisted your grandmother [Fatema (A)] during the birth of Hassan and Hussain (A). When Hassan (A) was born (she gave details and then continued) ... When Hussain was born, the Holy Prophet (S) came to me and said, 'O Asma! Bring my son [Hussain .' I wrapped Hussain in a white cloth and took him to the Holy Prophet (S) and placed him in his blessed hands.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS The Prophet (S) recited the Azan in his right ear and Aqamat in his left ear. Then he kept him on his lap and began to weep profusely. I enquired, 'May my parents be sacrificed for you. Why are you weeping?' The Holy Prophet (S) said, 'I am weeping upon this son of mine.' I asked, 'He is just born?' The Prophet (S) replied, 'A group of oppressors will kill this son of mine. Allah will not allow them my intercession.' Then he (S) continued, 'O Asma! do not tell this to Fatema (s.a.) because she has just delivered (the baby).' "

The Prophet (S) recited the Azan in his right ear and Aqamat in his left ear. Then he kept him on his lap and began to weep profusely.

I enquired, 'May my parents be sacrificed for you. Why are you weeping?' The Holy Prophet (S) said, 'I am weeping upon this son of mine.' I asked, 'He is just born?' The Prophet (S) replied, 'A group of oppressors will kill this son of mine. Allah will not allow them my intercession.'

Then he (S) continued, 'O Asma! do not tell this to Fatema (s.a.) because she has just delivered (the baby).' "

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS This tradition has also been recorded in the book 'Maqtal al Hussain' by Hafiz Abul Moeed Khwarazmi (Khalifa Zamakshari) Vol. 1, p. 87-88. He has quoted his teacher Hafiz Baihaqi (extracted from Al-Ghadeer of Allama Amini). Allama Amini says: "This was the first majlis in Islam that was performed in the consecrated house of the Holy Prophet (S) to lament the chief of the martyrs. Has it ever happened, that except for the son of Fatema Zehra (A), a mourning ceremony is held upon the birth of a child?"

This tradition has also been recorded in the book 'Maqtal al Hussain' by Hafiz Abul Moeed Khwarazmi (Khalifa Zamakshari) Vol. 1, p. 87-88.

He has quoted his teacher Hafiz Baihaqi (extracted from Al-Ghadeer of Allama Amini).

Allama Amini says: "This was the first majlis in Islam that was performed in the consecrated house of the Holy Prophet (S) to lament the chief of the martyrs. Has it ever happened, that except for the son of Fatema Zehra (A), a mourning ceremony is held upon the birth of a child?"

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS Hafiz Nishaburi in his book 'Mustadrak al Sahihain' Vol 3, p.76, writes : Narrates Abu Abdillah Mohammed Bin Ali Johri from Abul Ahwas Mohammad bin al Heesham Qazi in Baghdad from Mohammed bin Masab, from Auzaaee, from Abu Ammar Saddad from the daughter of Harith, Ummul Fazi, that she approached the Holy Prophet (S) and said: "O Messenger of Allah, I had a terrible dream last night." Holy Prophet (S) asked, "What did you see?" "A terrifying dream!" "What did you dream?" "A part of your body has been separated and put into my lap." The Holy Prophet (S) said : "You have had an auspicious dream. Soon, Fatema (S) will give birth to a child and it shall be in your hands. Needless to add, the same occurred. A child was born to Fatema Zehra (S) and I was the nurse.

Hafiz Nishaburi in his book 'Mustadrak al Sahihain' Vol 3, p.76, writes : Narrates Abu Abdillah Mohammed Bin Ali Johri from Abul Ahwas Mohammad bin al Heesham Qazi in Baghdad from Mohammed bin Masab, from Auzaaee, from Abu Ammar Saddad from the daughter of Harith, Ummul Fazi, that she approached the Holy Prophet (S) and said:

"O Messenger of Allah, I had a terrible dream last night." Holy Prophet (S) asked, "What did you see?" "A terrifying dream!" "What did you dream?" "A part of your body has been separated and put into my lap." The Holy Prophet (S) said :

"You have had an auspicious dream. Soon, Fatema (S) will give birth to a child and it shall be in your hands. Needless to add, the same occurred. A child was born to Fatema Zehra (S) and I was the nurse.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS One day, the Holy Prophet (S) came and for a moment he turned towards me. I saw that tears were flowing from his eyes. I enquired, "O Prophet of Allah! May my parents be sacrificed for you, what is the matter?" He said : "Jibrael (A) came to me and informed me that my Ummat will slay this son of mine." I asked Jibrael (A), "This son?" Jibrael (A) replied "Yes." He then brought a handful of red soil and said that it was from his (Hussain's) grave. Hakim comments, regarding this hadith, "Although Muslim and Bukhari have not included this tradition in their collections, it is correct as per their standard."

One day, the Holy Prophet (S) came and for a moment he turned towards me. I saw that tears were flowing from his eyes. I enquired, "O Prophet of Allah! May my parents be sacrificed for you, what is the matter?" He said :

"Jibrael (A) came to me and informed me that my Ummat will slay this son of mine." I asked Jibrael (A), "This son?" Jibrael (A) replied "Yes." He then brought a handful of red soil and said that it was from his (Hussain's) grave.

Hakim comments, regarding this hadith, "Although Muslim and Bukhari have not included this tradition in their collections, it is correct as per their standard."

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS On page 79 of this book Hakim says, narrates Abul Abbas Mohammed bin Yaqub from Mohammed bin Ishaq from Mohammed bin Ismail from Abi Samina from Mohammed bin Masab from Awzaee from Abu Ammar from Ummul Fazi that: when Imam Hussain (A) was in the lap of the Holy Prophet (S), he (S) said, "Jibrael (A) has informed me that my Ummat will slay Hussain (A)." Then Hakim comments, "Ibn Abi Samina has reported this tradition briefly whereas it is considerably longer." Baihaqi in his book, "Dalail un Nabuwwah" mentions this narration in the section that deals with the conditions of Imam Hussain (A) ( Al Ghadeer).

On page 79 of this book Hakim says, narrates Abul Abbas Mohammed bin Yaqub from Mohammed bin Ishaq from Mohammed bin Ismail from Abi Samina from Mohammed bin Masab from Awzaee from Abu Ammar from Ummul Fazi that:

when Imam Hussain (A) was in the lap of the Holy Prophet (S), he (S) said, "Jibrael (A) has informed me that my Ummat will slay Hussain (A)." Then Hakim comments, "Ibn Abi Samina has reported this tradition briefly whereas it is considerably longer."

Baihaqi in his book, "Dalail un Nabuwwah" mentions this narration in the section that deals with the conditions of Imam Hussain (A) ( Al Ghadeer).

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS The great Hafiz, Abul Qasim Tabarani, in his book 'Al Mojamul Kabir while describing the life of the younger grandson of the Holy Prophet (S), Hussain (A) says: Reports Abdullah bin Ziyad Asadi from Amr Bin Sabit from Amash from Abu Wael Shaqeeq bin Salma from Umme Salma (r.a.): Hasan and Hussain (A) were in my house, playing with the Holy Prophet (S). Just then Jibrael (A) descended and pointing towards Hussain (A) said, "O Mohammed, after you, your Ummat will slay this son of yours. " Umme Salma says, "The Holy Prophet (S) embraced Hussain (A) and began to weep. Jibraeel (A) said, "This handful of soil is a trust with you." He (S) smelt the soil and said, "This soil smells of sadness, calamity and tragedy."

The great Hafiz, Abul Qasim Tabarani, in his book 'Al Mojamul Kabir while describing the life of the younger grandson of the Holy Prophet (S), Hussain (A) says:

Reports Abdullah bin Ziyad Asadi from Amr Bin Sabit from Amash from Abu Wael Shaqeeq bin Salma from Umme Salma (r.a.):

Hasan and Hussain (A) were in my house, playing with the Holy Prophet (S). Just then Jibrael (A) descended and pointing towards Hussain (A) said, "O Mohammed, after you, your Ummat will slay this son of yours. " Umme Salma says, "The Holy Prophet (S) embraced Hussain (A) and began to weep. Jibraeel (A) said, "This handful of soil is a trust with you." He (S) smelt the soil and said, "This soil smells of sadness, calamity and tragedy."

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS Umme Salma further adds : "The Holy Prophet (S) then told me : "O Umme Salma! When the soil turns into blood, you will know that my son has been martyred." The narrator says, "Umme Salma poured the soil in a bottle and she used to look at it everyday and say, "O soil! The day you turn into blood shall be a great day of sadness!" Hafiz Abul Qasim Ibn Asaakir Damishqi writes in 'Tarikh-e-Sham': "Abu Ali Haddaad and other narrators report that Abu Bakr Bin Zaida says "Suleman Bin Ahmed (i.e. Tabarani) has narrated the same from Abdulla Bin Ahmed Bin Hanbal only with the difference that the Holy Prophet (S) exclaims, "O sadness and calamity l" (Al Ghadeer)

Umme Salma further adds : "The Holy Prophet (S) then told me : "O Umme Salma! When the soil turns into blood, you will know that my son has been martyred." The narrator says, "Umme Salma poured the soil in a bottle and she used to look at it everyday and say, "O soil! The day you turn into blood shall be a great day of sadness!"

Hafiz Abul Qasim Ibn Asaakir Damishqi writes in 'Tarikh-e-Sham': "Abu Ali Haddaad and other narrators report that Abu Bakr Bin Zaida says "Suleman Bin Ahmed (i.e. Tabarani) has narrated the same from Abdulla Bin Ahmed Bin Hanbal only with the difference that the Holy Prophet (S) exclaims, "O sadness and calamity l" (Al Ghadeer)

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS This is the blood of Hussein and his companions. I was collecting it since this morning." Umm Salmah woke up and hurried towards the bottle which contained the earth of Karbala; she saw red blood flowing from it. Then she cried and called her relatives and started mourning for Hussein. This tradition is narrated in Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal , Mishkatul-Masabih , Sahih of Tirmidhi and other books.

This is the blood of Hussein and his companions. I was collecting it since this morning."

Umm Salmah woke up and hurried towards the bottle which contained the earth of Karbala; she saw red blood flowing from it. Then she cried and called her relatives and started mourning for Hussein.

This tradition is narrated in Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal , Mishkatul-Masabih , Sahih of Tirmidhi and other books.

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS 3. Sheikh 'Abdul Qadir Jilani writes in his book Ghunyatut-Talebeen , Vol. II page 62; "70,000 angels came on the grave of Hussein bin 'Ali after his martyrdom and they are weeping on him and will remain weeping unto the Day of Judgment."

3. Sheikh 'Abdul Qadir Jilani writes in his book Ghunyatut-Talebeen , Vol. II page 62; "70,000 angels came on the grave of Hussein bin 'Ali after his martyrdom and they are weeping on him and will remain weeping unto the Day of Judgment."

KARBALA IN SUNNI BOOKS 4. God says in the Qur'an about Pharaoh and his army: " neither the Sky nor the Earth wept for them and they were not given chance. " (ad-Dukhaa, Verse 29) Muslim records in explanation of this ayat, "When Hussein was martyred, the Sky as well as the Earth wept on him and weeping of the sky is its being red." ( Sahih of Muslim).

4. God says in the Qur'an about Pharaoh and his army: " neither the Sky nor the Earth wept for them and they were not given chance. " (ad-Dukhaa, Verse 29)

Muslim records in explanation of this ayat, "When Hussein was martyred, the Sky as well as the Earth wept on him and weeping of the sky is its being red." ( Sahih of Muslim).

IMAM HUSSEIN MARTYRDOM EVENTS IN ENGLAND The book the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, written in year 1954, contains the historical events that occurred to the British nation since the time of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him). The book mentions for every year the events happened during it until it comes on the mention of the events happened during the year of 685 after Christ and it is the year of 61 Hijri – the year of martyrdom of the grandson of holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him & his progeny), Al-Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) . then the author mentions that in this year the sky rained blood and the people in Britain found that milk and butter turned to blood!!!

The book the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, written in year 1954, contains the historical events that occurred to the British nation since the time of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him).

The book mentions for every year the events happened during it until it comes on the mention of the events happened during the year of 685 after Christ and it is the year of 61 Hijri – the year of martyrdom of the grandson of holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him & his progeny), Al-Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) . then the author mentions that in this year the sky rained blood and the people in Britain found that milk and butter turned to blood!!!

 

 

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION It is a sign of the greatness of the 10th Muharram that Allah commanded the Israelites to observe it as a day of mourning; it was accompanied by a stern warning that anybody disobeying that law would be cut off from his tribe. The following is the passage quoted from Leviticus (Chapter 23, verses 23-32):—

It is a sign of the greatness of the 10th Muharram that Allah commanded the Israelites to observe it as a day of mourning;

it was accompanied by a stern warning that anybody disobeying that law would be cut off from his tribe.

The following is the passage quoted from Leviticus (Chapter 23, verses 23-32):—

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, in the seventh month, in the first day of the month, you shall have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.

And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, in the seventh month, in the first day of the month, you shall have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION You shall not work therein; but you shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation unto you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

You shall not work therein; but you shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation unto you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION And you shall not work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

And you shall not work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION You shall in no manner work; it shall be a stature for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.

You shall in no manner work; it shall be a stature for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION This command is also briefly mentioned in Leviticus 16: 29-34. To understand what is meant by the seventh month, the following facts should be kept in mind: 

This command is also briefly mentioned in Leviticus 16: 29-34.

To understand what is meant by the seventh month, the following facts should be kept in mind: 

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION 1- The year of the Hebrews was based on lunar system. To make it coincide with solar year, a thirteenth month, Veadar, was added 7 times in a cycle of 19 years. The year began with the month of Abib (i.e., Nisan) with the new moon next before or next after the spring equinox.

1- The year of the Hebrews was based on lunar system. To make it coincide with solar year, a thirteenth month, Veadar, was added 7 times in a cycle of 19 years. The year began with the month of Abib (i.e., Nisan) with the new moon next before or next after the spring equinox.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION 2- The Arabs before Islam used to follow the same system. Thus their months coincided with the Jewish months; and Rajab coincided with Abib (i.e., Nisan) of the Jews. And the Jewish 7th month coincided with Muharram of the Arabs. (In original Hebrew reckoning, this seventh month was called Ethanim; now it is called Tishri I). As the original Jewish year began near the spring equinox (i.e. 21st March of the Gregorian calendar), the seventh month was bound to occur in September-October

2- The Arabs before Islam used to follow the same system. Thus their months coincided with the Jewish months; and Rajab coincided with Abib (i.e., Nisan) of the Jews. And the Jewish 7th month coincided with Muharram of the Arabs. (In original Hebrew reckoning, this seventh month was called Ethanim; now it is called Tishri I). As the original Jewish year began near the spring equinox (i.e. 21st March of the Gregorian calendar), the seventh month was bound to occur in September-October

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION 3- Some time after the Exile, the Jews changed the new year from Nisan to the day of the new moon of the 7th month. Now it is their first month; except that the system of fasting and observing other laws concerning the 1st, 9th and 10th days (of the 7th month) mentioned above continues unchanged.

3- Some time after the Exile, the Jews changed the new year from Nisan to the day of the new moon of the 7th month.

Now it is their first month; except that the system of fasting and observing other laws concerning the 1st, 9th and 10th days (of the 7th month) mentioned above continues unchanged.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION Yom Hakippurim is faithfully observed on the 10th day of the original seventh (i.e. the present first) month. (The Hebrew term, Yom Hakippurim, is rendered as Yaum-ul-Kaffarah in Arabic and Day of Atonement in English.

Yom Hakippurim is faithfully observed on the 10th day of the original seventh (i.e. the present first) month.

(The Hebrew term, Yom Hakippurim, is rendered as Yaum-ul-Kaffarah in Arabic and Day of Atonement in English.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION 4- In the 9th year of Hijra, Islam forbade intercalation of the additional month every leap year. "Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve . . . Postponing (of a month, i.e. by intercalation) is only an addition in disbelief..." (Qur'an, 9: 37-38) From then on, the parity between the Jewish and the Muslim calendars disappeared. 

4- In the 9th year of Hijra, Islam forbade intercalation of the additional month every leap year. "Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve . . . Postponing (of a month, i.e. by intercalation) is only an addition in disbelief..." (Qur'an, 9: 37-38) From then on, the parity between the Jewish and the Muslim calendars disappeared. 

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) IN JEWISH TRADITION 5- In spite of that disparity, the Muharram of 61 A.H. began with Tishri I; and 10th Muharram, the day when Imam Hussein was martyred was 10th Tishri (Yom Hakippurim). Thus the relationship of Yom Hakippurim with 10th Muharram was true not only because originally Muharram used to coincide with Tishri, but also because the martyrdom actually occurred on that very day. 

5- In spite of that disparity, the Muharram of 61 A.H. began with Tishri I; and 10th Muharram, the day when Imam Hussein was martyred was 10th Tishri (Yom Hakippurim).

Thus the relationship of Yom Hakippurim with 10th Muharram was true not only because originally Muharram used to coincide with Tishri, but also because the martyrdom actually occurred on that very day. 

FAMILY TREE

HISTORY In the second (2) year of Hijra, the Prophet’s cousin, Imam Ali (pbuh) married the Prophet’s daughter Fatima; the Lady of Light (pbuh) in the simplest possible manner. . They had four children, Imam Hassan, Imam Hussein, Zainab and Kulthoom.

In the second (2) year of Hijra, the Prophet’s cousin, Imam Ali (pbuh) married the Prophet’s daughter Fatima; the Lady of Light (pbuh) in the simplest possible manner.

. They had four children, Imam Hassan, Imam Hussein, Zainab and Kulthoom.

BIRTHDAY Imam Hussein (pbuh) was born on the 3rd of Shabaan in the fourth (4) year of Hijra. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) came to Fatima (pbuh) and took the baby in his lap and said : “ Hussainun minni wa ana minal Hussein (Hussein is of me and I am of Hussein).”

Imam Hussein (pbuh) was born on the 3rd of Shabaan in the fourth (4) year of Hijra. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) came to Fatima (pbuh) and took the baby in his lap and said :

“ Hussainun minni wa ana minal Hussein (Hussein is of me and I am of Hussein).”

LOVE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD(P.B.U.H) FOR IMAM HUSSAIN(A.S) One day, when he was in prostrate (Sajdah) Imam Hussein (pbuh) climbed on his back. The Holy Prophet remained in prostrate until Imam Hussein came down by himself. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) used to carry Imam Hussein (pbuh) and his elder brother Imam Hassan (pbuh) in his arms and declare expansively in front of his companions. “ O God, I love them and love those who love them.”

One day, when he was in prostrate (Sajdah) Imam Hussein (pbuh) climbed on his back. The Holy Prophet remained in prostrate until Imam Hussein came down by himself.

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) used to carry Imam Hussein (pbuh) and his elder brother Imam Hassan (pbuh) in his arms and declare expansively in front of his companions.

“ O God, I love them and love those who love them.”

LOVE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD(P.B.U.H) FOR IMAM HUSSAIN(A.S) “ These two sons of mine are my two plants of sweet basil in this world.” “Whoever loves Hassan and Hussein then he loves me and whoever dislikes them he dislikes me.” “ Hassan and Hussein are the chiefs of the youth of paradise.”

“ These two sons of mine are my two plants of sweet basil in this world.” “Whoever loves Hassan and Hussein then he loves me and whoever dislikes them he dislikes me.”

“ Hassan and Hussein are the chiefs of the youth of paradise.”

THE THREE CALIPHS After the death of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Caliphs were 1. Abu Bakr for 2 years and 4 months 2. Omar for 10 years and 6 months 3. Othman for 11 years and 11 months

After the death of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Caliphs were

1. Abu Bakr for 2 years and 4 months

2. Omar for 10 years and 6 months

3. Othman for 11 years and 11 months

MUAWIYA Muawiya the governor of Syria appointed by second Caliph Omar took full advantage of the patronage of the Umayyads by the third Caliph and had established himself strongly at Damascus and had made the place a stronghold of his own.

Muawiya the governor of Syria appointed by second Caliph Omar took full advantage of the patronage of the Umayyads by the third Caliph and had established himself strongly at Damascus and had made the place a stronghold of his own.

IMAM ALI (A.S.) AND BATTLES Imam Ali (pbuh) became the Caliph at the age of fifty seven (57) years, and remained Caliph for next 4 years and 9 months. During this period he fought three battles : First with Ayesha the daughter of the first Caliph Abu Bakr, and the widow of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).and Talha and Zubayr at Basra called as Jung-e-Jamal (Battle of Camel) in 36 Hijra. Second the battle of Seffin with moaawiah . Third the battle of Nahruvan with the Kavarej.

Imam Ali (pbuh) became the Caliph at the age of fifty seven (57) years, and remained Caliph for next 4 years and 9 months.

During this period he fought three battles :

First with Ayesha the daughter of the first Caliph Abu Bakr,

and the widow of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).and Talha and Zubayr at Basra called as Jung-e-Jamal (Battle of Camel) in 36 Hijra.

Second the battle of Seffin with moaawiah .

Third the battle of Nahruvan with the Kavarej.

BATTLE WITH MUAWIYA Second battle is against Muawiya son of Abu Sufyan the Arch-enemy of Islam and the great grandson of Umayya, at Siffin, near the banks of river Euphrates. Muawiya’s army took over the river Euphrates and stopped the army of Imam Ali (pbuh) from getting any water. Imam Hassan and Imam Hussein who were now young men, led a group of fighters and got back the control of the river from the enemy. Imam Ali allowed everyone to use the river including the enemies. It was on this same river twenty three (23) years later that Imam Hussein fought his final battle for the sake of saving Islam.

Second battle is against Muawiya son of Abu Sufyan the Arch-enemy of Islam and the great grandson of Umayya, at Siffin, near the banks of river Euphrates.

Muawiya’s army took over the river Euphrates and stopped the army of Imam Ali (pbuh) from getting any water. Imam Hassan and Imam Hussein who were now young men, led a group of fighters and got back the control of the river from the enemy.

Imam Ali allowed everyone to use the river including the enemies. It was on this same river twenty three (23) years later that Imam Hussein fought his final battle for the sake of saving Islam.

BATTLE WITH THE KHARJITES After the unsatisfactory conclusion to the Battle of Siffin, which ended in arbitration, Imam Ali (pbuh) returned with his army back to Kufa on 37 Hijra. During the march, a group of tweleve thousand (12,000) men kept themselves at a distance from the main part of the army. These were the Kharjites (Kharjite means one who rebels against religion). Ultimately Imam Ali (pbuh) fought the third battle against Kharjites at Nahrawan. This battle took place on the 38 Hijra.

After the unsatisfactory conclusion to the Battle of Siffin, which ended in arbitration, Imam Ali (pbuh) returned with his army back to Kufa on 37 Hijra.

During the march, a group of tweleve thousand (12,000) men kept themselves at a distance from the main part of the army.

These were the Kharjites (Kharjite means one who rebels against religion). Ultimately Imam Ali (pbuh) fought the third battle against Kharjites at Nahrawan. This battle took place on the 38 Hijra.

MARTYRDOM OF IMAM ALI (A.S.) Two years later, the plot against history and humanity was carried out by ‘Abdur Rahman son of Muljim’. He striked his head with a poisoned sword, during the dawn prayer at Kufa Mosque, on the 19th day of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 Hijra. Imam Ali (pbuh) attained martyrdom on the 21st day of the same month, at the age of sixty three (63) years.

Two years later, the plot against history and humanity was carried out by ‘Abdur Rahman son of Muljim’.

He striked his head with a poisoned sword, during the dawn prayer at Kufa Mosque, on the 19th day of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 Hijra.

Imam Ali (pbuh) attained martyrdom on the 21st day of the same month, at the age of sixty three (63) years.

IMAM HASSAN (A.S.) AND MUAWIYA Imam Hassan was forced to accept a treaty with Muawiya in order to save Islam. It was therefore the hallmark of Imam Hassan’s life that making peace was his share in the same manner as the Holy Prophet of Islam did in Hudaibiya. The salient points of the treaty are:

Imam Hassan was forced to accept a treaty with Muawiya in order to save Islam. It was therefore the hallmark of Imam Hassan’s life that making peace was his share in the same manner as the Holy Prophet of Islam did in Hudaibiya. The salient points of the treaty are:

IMAM HASSAN (A.S.) AND MUAWIYA 1. Muawiya should rule strictly according to the Holy Quran and the Sunna of Holy Prophet. 2. Muawiya should not appoint or nominate anyone to the Caliphate after him but that choice should be left to the Muslims.

1. Muawiya should rule strictly according to the Holy Quran and the Sunna of Holy Prophet.

2. Muawiya should not appoint or nominate anyone to the Caliphate after him but that choice should be left to the Muslims.

IMAM HASSAN (A.S.) AND MUAWIYA 3. The people should be left in peace, wherever they are in the land of God. 4. The persecution of the companions of Imam Ali should immediately be stopped; their lives, properties and families guaranteed safe conduct and peace. 5. The cursing of Imam Ali from the pulpit should stop immediately. 6. No harm should be done secretly or openly against Imam Hassan and his younger brother Imam Hussein or any of the Ahlul Bayt (pbut).

3. The people should be left in peace, wherever they are in the land of God.

4. The persecution of the companions of Imam Ali should immediately be stopped; their lives, properties and families guaranteed safe conduct and peace.

5. The cursing of Imam Ali from the pulpit should stop immediately.

6. No harm should be done secretly or openly against Imam Hassan and his younger brother Imam Hussein or any of the Ahlul Bayt (pbut).

TREASON OF MUAWIYA TO THE TREATY. History tells us that from day one Muawiya did not comply with any one of the terms of the treaty agreed upon between him and Imam Hassan. He trampled the treaty under his feet saying to the people of Kufa, “do you think I have taken power to teach you about Islam. No, I have taken power for the sake of it and if any one of you tries to disagree with me shall pay a costly price of losing his head.”

History tells us that from day one Muawiya did not comply with any one of the terms of the treaty agreed upon between him and Imam Hassan.

He trampled the treaty under his feet saying to the people of Kufa, “do you think I have taken power to teach you about Islam.

No, I have taken power for the sake of it and if any one of you tries to disagree with me shall pay a costly price of losing his head.”

MARTYRDOM OF IMAM HASSAN (A.S.) Muawiya carried out his ambition of keeping the power in his family by nominating his son Yazid after him as the ruler of the Kingdom. This demanded that Imam Hassan should predecease him, an unlikely event considering their discrepancy in their ages. Hence Muawiya bribed Ju’ada daughter of Ash’ath (wife of Imam Hassan), to poison him. He also promised to marry her to his son Yazid and so Ju’ada poisoned Imam Hassan in 50 Hijra. Imam Hassan died with the effect of poisoning on 28th of the month of Safar, at the age of forty seven (47) years.

Muawiya carried out his ambition of keeping the power in his family by nominating his son Yazid after him as the ruler of the Kingdom.

This demanded that Imam Hassan should predecease him, an unlikely event considering their discrepancy in their ages.

Hence Muawiya bribed Ju’ada daughter of Ash’ath (wife of Imam Hassan), to poison him. He also promised to marry her to his son Yazid and so Ju’ada poisoned Imam Hassan in 50 Hijra.

Imam Hassan died with the effect of poisoning on 28th of the month of Safar, at the age of forty seven (47) years.

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S.) ABIDE BY THE TREATY WITH MUAWIYA When Imam Hassan (pbuh) died, the followers of Imam from Iraq began to make plans. They wrote to Imam Hussein (pbuh) concerning removing Muawiya and giving the pledge of allegiance to him. However, he refused and chooses to abide by the treaty between Imam Hassan and Muawiya, which he could not break until the period came to an end.

When Imam Hassan (pbuh) died, the followers of Imam from Iraq began to make plans.

They wrote to Imam Hussein (pbuh) concerning removing Muawiya and giving the pledge of allegiance to him.

However, he refused and chooses to abide by the treaty between Imam Hassan and Muawiya, which he could not break until the period came to an end.

MUAWIYA NOMINATE YAZID But the decision of nominating Yazid as the ruler, stirred widespread agitation among the faithful, particularly amidst prominent personalities such as Imam Hussein son of Imam Ali (pbuh), Abdul- Rahman son of Abu Bakr, Abdullah son of Omar, Abdullah son of Al-Zubayr and other well-known, leading figures. Because, Muawiya was the first one to appoint his son to succeed him and the first ever to do so during his life.

But the decision of nominating Yazid as the ruler, stirred widespread agitation among the faithful, particularly amidst prominent personalities such as Imam Hussein son of Imam Ali (pbuh), Abdul- Rahman son of Abu Bakr, Abdullah son of Omar, Abdullah son of Al-Zubayr and other well-known, leading figures.

Because, Muawiya was the first one to appoint his son to succeed him and the first ever to do so during his life.

MUAWIYA NOMINATE YAZID After the death of Muawiya in 60 Hijra, Yazid succeeded his father to the throne. Imam Hussein was then fifty seven years old. Yazid was known to be even worse than his father and represented a real danger to the Islamic nation, for he was not a true Muslim. He was not properly educated with the teachings of Islam. And he used to drink alcohol, gamble, and commit all other sins according to historic sources. He said: “ Hashimites staged a play to obtain the Kingdom. Actually, there was neither any news (from God) nor any revelation.”

After the death of Muawiya in 60 Hijra, Yazid succeeded his father to the throne.

Imam Hussein was then fifty seven years old. Yazid was known to be even worse than his father and represented a real danger to the Islamic nation, for he was not a true Muslim.

He was not properly educated with the teachings of Islam. And he used to drink alcohol, gamble, and commit all other sins according to historic sources. He said:

“ Hashimites staged a play to obtain the Kingdom. Actually, there was neither any news (from God) nor any revelation.”

IMAM HUSSAIN(A.S) GOES TO THE GRAVE OF THE PROPHET He went to his grandfather’s grave, and recited the following prayer: “ O God, This is the grave of your Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh) and I am his daughter’s son, and I have come to know what you undoubtedly know. O God, I like to enjoin the good and reject the evil. I ask you O Almighty God by this grave and by who is in it to choose for me what would please You and Your Prophet.”

He went to his grandfather’s grave, and recited the following prayer:

“ O God, This is the grave of your Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh) and I am his daughter’s son, and I have come to know what you undoubtedly know. O God, I like to enjoin the good and reject the evil. I ask you O Almighty God by this grave and by who is in it to choose for me what would please You and Your Prophet.”

Imam Hussain (A.S.) at the Grave of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) Imam (A.S.) continued weeping until the morning, then he placed his head on the grave and slept for a short time. He dreamt that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), surrounded by the angels from the left, right and front, coming towards him. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) came near and pressed Imam Husain (A.S.)'s head to his chest. Then he kissed him between his eyes and said :

Imam (A.S.) continued weeping until the morning, then he placed his head on the grave and slept for a short time. He dreamt that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), surrounded by the angels from the left, right and front, coming towards him. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) came near and pressed Imam Husain (A.S.)'s head to his chest. Then he kissed him between his eyes and said :

Imam Hussain (A.S.) at the Grave of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) "O my beloved Hussain (A.S.)! It is as if I see you smeared in blood at the place of grief and trials, and a group from among my people have beheaded you, and you are thirsty while they do not quench your thirst. In spite of this they desire my intercession (on the day of Qiyamah). May Allah keep them away from my intercession? O my beloved Hussain (A.S.)! Your Father, Mother and Brother have come to me and they are desirous of meeting you, And you have acquired such a lofty position in Paradise, that unless you attain Martyrdom you shall not get there.

"O my beloved Hussain (A.S.)! It is as if I see you smeared in blood at the place of grief and trials, and a group from among my people have beheaded you, and you are thirsty while they do not quench your thirst. In spite of this they desire my intercession (on the day of Qiyamah). May Allah keep them away from my intercession? O my beloved Hussain (A.S.)! Your Father, Mother and Brother have come to me and they are desirous of meeting you, And you have acquired such a lofty position in Paradise, that unless you attain Martyrdom you shall not get there.

Imam Hussain (A.S.) at the Grave of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) Imam (A.S.) looked at his Holy Grandfather (S.A.W.) and said: "O Grandfather (S.A.W.)! I do not desire to return back to this world. Please take me along with you and enter me into your grave." The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) replied: "You should return back (towards the world) and attain martyrdom, and thus gain whatever great rewards Allah has reserved for you. For on the day of Qiyamah, you, your Father, your Uncle and Your Father's Uncle shall arise as a distinguished group until you all enter Paradise."

Imam (A.S.) looked at his Holy Grandfather (S.A.W.) and said:

"O Grandfather (S.A.W.)! I do not desire to return back to this world. Please take me along with you and enter me into your grave."

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) replied:

"You should return back (towards the world) and attain martyrdom, and thus gain whatever great rewards Allah has reserved for you. For on the day of Qiyamah, you, your Father, your Uncle and Your Father's Uncle shall arise as a distinguished group until you all enter Paradise."

IMAM HUSSAIN(A.S.) FIRST COMMUNIQUE He declared his first revolutionary communique which took the form of a will he wrote to his brother, Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyyah: “ ...I did not revolt for the cause of evil tyranny or corruption, but to reform my grandfather’s [Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)] nation. I want to enjoin the good and denounce the evil, and take the course of my father and grandfather.”

He declared his first revolutionary communique which took the form of a will he wrote to his brother, Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyyah:

“ ...I did not revolt for the cause of evil tyranny or corruption, but to reform my grandfather’s [Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)] nation. I want to enjoin the good and denounce the evil, and take the course of my father and grandfather.”

IMAM HUSSAIN K

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