k waldron avnwx tdas

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Published on March 7, 2008

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Decision Support Capabilities: AF Tactical Decision Aids:  Decision Support Capabilities: AF Tactical Decision Aids Major Kim Waldron 26 July 2000 Overview:  Overview Mission Requirements Warfighter Support Tools Tactical Decision Aids Visualizations Mission Requirements: Warfighter Support:  Mission Requirements: Warfighter Support Pre-Deployment Climo Impacts 0-12 months /Deployment Mission Rehearsal Visualizations 0-12 hours Theater Aerospace Operations Sustainment Impacts on Sustainment 0-5 days Operations Planning Impacts on Ops 24-72 hours Mission Planning Impacts on Missions 6-24 hours Mission Execution Re-targeting Wx during mission Re-Deployment Re-Deployment Impacts 0-10 days Warfighter Support Real-Time Accurate Relevant:  Warfighter Support Real-Time Accurate Relevant H-30 Days H-120 Hours H-72 Hours H-36 Hours H-12 Hours H-3 Hours - Long-range planning - Troop deployments - Course of action development - Strategy Development - AEF & Force Deployment - CINC Guidance Letter - Shape of the Battlefield - Defensive / Offensive Planning - Build Tasking Order; Weapon Selection - AEF Employment; BDA H-Hour - Mission Planning - Tactic Selection - EOTDA / COMMS - Brief Crew Weather people, weather information involved at every level Bombs on Target/BDA Climatology air & space Operational Area Forecast (air & space wx impacts) Planning forecasts (air & space, mission-specific) 5-day global / theater / space wx forecast Target / enroute air & space forecasts (go / no-go) Mission Requirements: Planning and Execution:  Mission Requirements: Planning and Execution Focus of current decision aids and on-going development work Allows analysis of weather impacts on weapon system Adjust target selection Change mission timing Pick alternate weapon Optimize route of flight Tools Overview:  Tools Overview Tactical Decision Aids Warfighter Weather Effects (WxFX) Integrated Weather Effects Decision Aid (IWEDA) Joint Environmental Exploitation Segment (JEES) Target Acquisition Weather Software (TAWS) Geophysical and Environmental Effects Distributor (GEED) Visualizations Warfighter Weather Effects:  Warfighter Weather Effects Will deliver high resolution weather effects / impacts products to the warfighter for mission rehearsal and long-range planning The program will produce Integrated Weather Effects Decision Aids (IWEDAs) and climatological IWEDAs (CLIMOWEDAs) POC: ASNE MSEA Slide8:  Warfighter Wx Effects Integrated Weather Effects Decision Aid:  Integrated Weather Effects Decision Aid Rules-based application to produce graphical output (stoplight chart) for a given weapon system Utilizes numerical weather prediction data POC: Army Research Laboratory / 88 WS Slide10:  Technologies: Weather Effects Visualization IWEDA provides a stop-light representation of weather impacts on sensors, systems, platforms and operations at different times of the day based on critical value thresholds Joint Environmental Exploitation Segment:  Joint Environmental Exploitation Segment Part of a test version of Theater Air Planner (TAP) Initial prototype interfaces with "canned" versions of the Target List and other available databases Will be extended to incorporate weather impacts in additional areas including: Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS) Force Level Execution (FLEX) for target replanning during the ATO execution Time Critical Targeting (TCT) POC: AFRL TAP Screen Mockup:  TAP Screen Mockup Cane 01 Cane 01 Slide13:  Cane 01 Cane 01 Slide14:  Cane 01 Cane 01 Slide15:  Cane 01 Cane 01 TAP - All Better:  TAP - All Better Cane 01 Cane 01 Target Acquisition Weather Software:  Target Acquisition Weather Software Utilizes models developed in several research programs to predict the impact of weather and environmental effects on IR, TV, NVG, and Laser weapon and navigation system performance and surveillance and targeting systems Provides graphs for lock-on range versus time, lock-on range versus approach azimuth, and a graph showing approach angle to maximize sensor detection ranges Joint program AF, Navy, and Army program POC: AFRL Target Acquisition Weather Software:  Target Acquisition Weather Software Geophysical Environmental Effects Distribution System:  Geophysical Environmental Effects Distribution System Incorporates TDAs to determine atmospheric effects on weapons / sensor performance Expands capability to include space environmental effects Initially for wargaming and exercises Future plans to provide operational capability POC: AFRL Slide20:  Geophysical Environmental Effects Distributor (GEED) Slide21:  PIPPER and 2D Profile of Scud Launcher (2000Z) Geophysical Environmental Effects Distributor (GEED) Slide22:  Screen Capture of DIS Game Board Slide23:  PIPPER and 2D Profile of Scud Launcher (0500Z) Slide24:  Barstow EW site Game Board Showing EW Site Slide25:  PIPPER and 2D Profile of EW Site’s Generator Tools Overview:  Tools Overview Tactical Decision Aids Visualizations Infrared Target-scene Simulation Software (IRTSS) Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulations (ACMES) Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) visualization packages CSSM/IRTSS Infrared Cloud Scenes:  CSSM/IRTSS Infrared Cloud Scenes Develops and upgrades models for predicting and visualizing weather impacts on air-to-ground IR targeting and navigation Provides weather-impacted visualization of target scenes in the IR as they would be seen in cockpit displays Being expanded to TV and NVG scenes Situational awareness provides geographic cues to aid pilots in finding targets in a complex scene POC: AFRL CSSM/IRTSS Infrared Cloud Scenes:  CSSM/IRTSS Infrared Cloud Scenes Clouds Generated by CSSM, rendered with IRTSS Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulation:  Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulation One-of-a-kind system that recreates high resolution (40km, 10km, [1km in Oct '00]) atmospheric data over selected, high-interest, data sparse areas using a limited-area mesoscale, physics-based model Cornerstone of ASNE atmospheric data production POC: AFCCC / ASNE MSEA Office Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulation:  Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulation Summary: Support System Capabilities:  Summary: Support System Capabilities Decision Makers Warfighter Support - Supported CINC, Air Operations Center, etc Flight Safety - individual aircrews guided by MAJCOM directed limitations Resource Protection - Wing or Installation Commander Slide32:  KOSOVO DAY 1 Weather Impacts On Operations STRATRECCE HI TACRECCE LO TACRECCE CAS HELO OPS TAC AIRLIFT PERSONNEL GROUND OPS FAVORABLE MARGINAL UNFAVORABLE PGMs 23/02Z 24/02Z 14Z 08Z 20Z CREATED: 23 MAY 0200Z Severe Wx Improvements:  Severe Wx Improvements New severe weather paradigm -- 2 HOUR WARNINGS ON POTENTIAL Base-wide severe wx education is key Enhances combat readiness New products and services will help -- AFWA providing 2 hour point wx warnings for active, guard, and reserve bases Reengineering the long term solution Use base-wide team approach to protect people and resources from severe wx Summary: Support System Capabilities:  Summary: Support System Capabilities Developing multi-purpose decision aids Planning / Execution New TDAs will include optical turbulence in support of the Airborne Laser Program CONOPS are evolving with technology and support infrastructure changes

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