Just in time in English

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Information about Just in time in English
Education

Published on March 20, 2009

Author: uniban_ADMSPGRUPO

Source: authorstream.com

Just in time : Just in time History (short) : History (short) In 50 years, Toyota sought to produce a greater variety of cars without being drowned by rising costs; The production system of Toyota (Just in Time) was born of the need to develop a system to produce cars of many different classes in small volumes with the same process. Taiichi Ohno, Toyota officials in the 50s, creator of the known system Just in Time The beginning of JIT : The beginning of JIT Adopted by other Japanese manufacturers from the 70s; Producing only the amount demanded; From that time the Japanese car manufacturing took a very competitive world market. Notes : (1) (English) : Notes : (1) (English) Just-in-time (JIT) refers to a collection of practices that eliminate waste. These organization wide practices encompass the entire logistics flow of materials from purchasing through production and distribution. The elements of JIT may include shared product design with suppliers and customers, movement toward single sourcing, proximate suppliers and customers, reduced machine set-up times, total preventive maintenance, reliance on analytic tools (such as fishbone diagrams) to identify sources of defects in products and processes, demand-pull support, and cellular plant layout, among others.' JIT goals : JIT goals Flexible enterprise; Only produce products needed; Reducing the inventory in process, finished goods and raw materials; Reduce costs of manufacturing; Creating space in the factory; Minor "lead time" in manufacturing; Better customer service; Less waste; Greater return on investment. JIT Advantages : JIT Advantages Reduce the waste; Diversification of production Only produce what sells; Flexible production; Results in the short, medium and long term; Notes (2) (English) : Notes (2) (English) The benefits are pervasive and include lower total system costs and improved product quality. A good deal of anecdotal evidence is available to support the claim of improved performance derived from adoption of JIT components. Some plants have reduced in-process inventory more than 50% and lead time more than 80%. The purpose of this research is to examine empirically the relationship of JIT adoption with one dimension of performance: the level of inventory held by the firm. References to JIT's ability to reduce inventory buffers or slack resources (that is, inventory levels) abound in the literature and support our claim of widespread belief in an inventory effect from JIT.2 The initial research question addressed here is whether the level of JIT correlates inversely with the level of inventory. JIT Disadvantages : JIT Disadvantages Requires a search possible in the short term; Arises from uncertainties involving the business environment; A “good back up” system requires Just-in-Time inventory effect : Just-in-Time inventory effect Lean production; Subsets (components); Raw material in adequate quantity and on time; Smaller lots; Efficiency; Credits : : Credits : Charles Douglas Camila Rossetto Thiago Aquino Débora Raguzo Renata Melo Juliana Conceição Wilson Xavier

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