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Information about jovage32zi7d3p6

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: Charlo


Slide1:  Bonn, May 23rd 2006, 18 h Deutsche Bahn AG Deutsche Bahn – a front-runner in environmental protection Keep Kyoto on Track – side event "Solar" room, Ministry of Environment Stephanie Bauer Railway Environment Centre Transport a major headache for the environment :  Transport a major headache for the environment Mobility involves responsibilities Transport is a major source of greenhouse-gas emissions, accounting for 20 % of overall emissions of CO2 in Germany, or 800 million tonnes a year Road traffic and aviation are mainly responsible for increasing emissions of CO2 in transport Surveys conducted by the Federal Environmental Agency indicate that the public regards railway noise as being less of a nuisance than road and aircraft noise Urgent problems yet to be tackled Environmentally friendly mobility:  Environmentally friendly mobility More than 5 million people travel on DB trains every day DB runs more than 30,000 services a day for this purpose All in all, 73 billion passenger kilometres per year are clocked up DB carries 264 million tonnes of freight a year and works 5,500 freight trains a day That adds up to 83 billion tonne-kilometres per year DB moves people and freight DB’s transport achievements DB AG Environment Programme 2004-2008:  DB AG Environment Programme 2004-2008 Focus areas in environmental protection DB’s ambitious climate protection goals:  DB’s ambitious climate protection goals * assuming improvements in framework policies Since it launched its climate protection programme in 2002, DB has already cut emissions of CO2 by 5.5 % 1990 An example from actual practice: energy-saving driving is part of the train drivers’ everyday routine:  An example from actual practice: energy-saving driving is part of the train drivers’ everyday routine * Measured savings due to energy-saving driving patterns. Other savings effects are not taken into account.. Source: P.RBB 3 – Energy cost management (2006) Consumption displays and driving recommendations for switching off traction help drivers to practise energy-saving driving. Climate friendly railway:  Climate friendly railway Example : The transfer of over one per cent of freight traffic from road to rail would save emissions of approx. half a million tonnes of CO2. Absolute CO2 emissions in Germany in 2002 Germany, total 864 million tonnes Of which 20.4 % traffic 176.2 million tonnes Of which 19.2 % road 165.9 million tonnes DB (traction) 7.7 million tonnes 1994 figure as comparison DB (traction) 8.22 million tonnes The more people who leave their car in the garage and travel by rail, the more protection for our climate. If the railway did not exist, an additional 16 million tonnes of CO2 would be emitted per annum. That figure corresponds to the annual CO2 emission of a city like Hamburg. EnvironmentalMobilityCheck: individual emission check:  EnvironmentalMobilityCheck: individual emission check Comparison of rail and car emissions on selected routes schedule carbon dioxide per person and journey energy consumption in litres per person and journey electric power consumption/ fuel consumption Only 2.8 litres per 100 kilometres on average in long-distance rail passenger transport For the environment’s sake: switch freight traffic from road to rail:  For the environment’s sake: switch freight traffic from road to rail Precise calculation of the environmental impact of transporting freight within Europe Available in English, German, French, Italian and Swedish EcoTransIt compares the energy consumption and pollutant emissions of trains, lorries, ships and aircraft, in the process also covering intermodal transport. Environmentally friendly railway at a competitive disadvantage:  Environmentally friendly railway at a competitive disadvantage Mineral oil tax Green tax Renewable Energies Act (EEG) Combined Heat and Power Act Emission Trading Mineral oil tax Green tax net liability approx. €380 million exemption savings approx. €128m* exemption savings approx. €397m* DB is currently liable to tax and duty on energy to the tune of €380 million per annum. Aviation and domestic shipping are completely exempt by contrast. * according to 20th Federal Government’s Subsidies Report Political action is needed: the subsidisation of climate-damaging aviation must stop:  Political action is needed: the subsidisation of climate-damaging aviation must stop DB has to pay mineral-oil and green tax Aviation is completely exempt from both, yielding a shortfall in federal receipts of about €397 million per year The tax advantage enjoyed by aviation amounts to €23 per person and journey on the route from Cologne to Berlin Including aviation in the emission trading process is not enough on its own: this would only mean an additional €1.91 per ticket for travel between Cologne and Berlin The matter can be resolved politically – by creating a level playing field:  The matter can be resolved politically – by creating a level playing field It is necessary to adopt policies ensuring a level playing field Remove the competitive disadvantages that beset environmentally friendly rail EU Directive on energy taxation: scope for removing competitive disadvantages needs to be utilised: inclusion of aviation in emission trading under certain conditions climate protection levy for aviation – catchword: kerosene tax Charge external costs such as those relating to the environment, accidents and congestion, which have not so far been accounted for, to all modes of transport Rail is at a huge disadvantage over other modes of transport. Reducing particulate emissions:  Reducing particulate emissions Development of absolute particulate emissions in traction Between 1990 and 2005, DB reduced particulate emissions from diesel traffic by 83 % through the use of advanced engineering  local transport  long-distance transport  freight transport [t] Reducing NOx emissions:  Reducing NOx emissions Development of absolute NOx emissions Between 2004 and 2005 alone, NOx emissions could be reduced by almost 8%.  local transport  long-distance transport  freight transport 10 000 20 000 30 000 40 000 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 [t] Further reductions in diesel emissions:  Further reductions in diesel emissions Deutsche Bahn Implementation of the UIC Diesel Action Plan: all opportunities for reducing pollutants Europe-wide have been investigated and evaluated. Joint pilot projects with the rail industry on the use of particulate filters or exhaust gas cleaning systems in new vehicles and on retrofitting the existing fleet with particulate filters Identifying those areas which are particularly polluted (hot spots) by means of a cadastral map of emissions (BEKS) and comparing them with local “immission incidence” Politicians Aligning the legal requirements with the technically feasible and economically possible DB diesel vehicles account for less than 1% of the total combustion-induced particulate emissions in transport in Germany Contact details:  Contact details Stephanie Bauer Deutsche Bahn AG Railway Environment Centre Caroline-Michaelis-Strasse 5 - 11 D-10115 Berlin, Germany Phone: +49 (0)30 297-56526 Fax: +49 (0)30 297-56505

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