Published on November 8, 2007
Journalism 2.0 The future of news Rebecca MacKinnon http://Rconversation.blogs.com www.GlobalVoicesOnline.org
“ Read-only” vs. “Read-write”
Citizen Journalism/ Citizen’s Media Dan Gillmor - former San Jose Mercury News “ The former audience”
LECTURE Journalism 1.0 Conversation Journalism 2.0
1990’s: Web 1.0
My blog as simple example Of Web 2.0
Links create a web of conversation screenshot: technorati appear: google & its links
Content is freed of container
New York Times website
Feeds from NYT
NYT feed in Google Reader
Tagging & Social Bookmarking
Everybody’s “journalism” tag
2006 Chinese Blogger Conference, Hangzhou
Chinese bloggers share coverage of their activities on photo sites like Flickr.com through the “cnbloggercon” tag
“ Baghdad blogger” Salam Pax
“ I try to dispel the image that Muslims and Arabs suffer from - mostly by our own doing I have to say - in the rest of the world. I am no missionary and don’t want to be. I run several internet websites that are geared to do just that, create a better understanding that we’re not all nuts hell-bent on world destruction.”
ZOLA & THE NAILHOUSE Internet-> traditional media, then mutual reinforcement When media coverage was shut down, there was so much on the internet the ban was ineffectual
Internet-> traditional media, then mutual reinforcement
When media coverage was shut down, there was so much on the internet the ban was ineffectual
The New Media Ecosystem Source: Morgan Stanley October 2004 report: “Update from the Digital World” by Mary Meeker et. al.
Credibility 2.0 Then... Now... Audience size (market success) Professional credentials Peer respect (community reputation) Transparency & honesty
Info Supply & Demand 2.0 Then... High cost of production Scarcity of space, airtime, etc. Now... Low cost of production Scarcity of attention
A portrait of global media attention: (Data from Google News, July 2006) Countries in red have more stories Countries in blue have fewer (Courtesy Ethan Zuckerman at: http://h2odev.law.harvard.edu/ezuckerman/ )
127 million people 2nd largest world economy 12582 CNN.com stories 130 million people 54th largest world economy 937 CNN stories (Data courtesy Ethan Zuckerman http://ethanzuckerman.com /)
Global Voices Online
“ Citizen Journalism”
New Citizen media projects
Business Model 2.0 Audience Viewers Readers Customers Community
Newsvine: bought by MSNBC
Washington Post goes 2.0
Public Radio 2.0 Experiment
Bloggers + Journalists
Obstacles to a truly Global Conversation: ATTENTION: The caring problem. What people need to know vs. what they enjoy knowing and talking about. LANGUAGE : The internet is becoming more multi-lingual… translation requires effort. ACCESS: The people whose voices we most need to hear are the ones who are least able to speak out online. (Internet 40x more expensive for Africans than Americans!) CENSORSHIP: Roughly 40 national governments now censor their Internet. (For more info see OpenNet.net)
ATTENTION: The caring problem. What people need to know vs. what they enjoy knowing and talking about.
LANGUAGE : The internet is becoming more multi-lingual… translation requires effort.
ACCESS: The people whose voices we most need to hear are the ones who are least able to speak out online. (Internet 40x more expensive for Africans than Americans!)
CENSORSHIP: Roughly 40 national governments now censor their Internet. (For more info see OpenNet.net)
What does this mean for journalism students? My email: [email_address] Blog: http://rconversation.blogs.com Global Voices: http://www.globalvoicesonline.org JMSC: http://jmsc.hku.hk New Media Workshop: http://jmsc.hku.hk/blogs/newmedia “Hong Kong Stories” http://jmsc.hku.hk/hkstories Credits: Many thanks to Ethan Zuckerman, Isaac Mao, and others for ideas and materials . This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
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