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joshi revised

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Published on October 3, 2007

Author: Pumbaa

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  Address: Flat A17 , Sarasnagar Siddhivinayak Society , Opp. Nehru Stadium, Shukrawar Peth,  Pune – 411 004 Tel No: 91-20-4440363 E-mail :shelter-ip@eth.net Website: www.shelter-associates.org PRESENTED BY Pratima Joshi December 10th, 2002 Slide2:  Who Are Shelter Associates? Indian NGO. Established in 1993. Architects, planners, and social workers. Pune, Sangli and Aurangabad. Micro (slum) level to macro (city) level. Slide4:  Introducing Baandhani Collective of poor women and men in slums who are: Working to empower poor communities. Focus on empowerment of women. Taking charge of settlement and housing improvements/ up-gradation. Slide5:  Location of Maharashtra Slide6:  Pune and Sangli project location PUNE SANGLI Slide7:  Few Basic Facts of Pune & Sangli: Pune, the seventh largest city in India, has over 45% of it’s population living in Slums. Kothrud, a suburb in Pune, has the highest rate of urban growth according to the Guinness Book of World Records. Sangli, a five year old city, already has 15% of it’s population living in slums. Slide8:  Inherent Problems With Existing Slum Data with Local Governments: The primary obstacle to planning/ development is a lack of functional data. Any available data is either outdated or difficult to access. Accessible data is scattered between various Municipal departments with poor or no inter-departmental communications. So, How is good governance and equitable urban planning possible without any idea where half of the city is living? That’s why we need a slum census! Slide9:  Why Is Geographic Information System (GIS) An EFFECTIVE Tool For Slum Surveys? Slide10:  Or 1 CD…? Huge Volumes of Data... Huge volumes of data created from a MILLION slum dwellers can only be effectively managed with a computer. Slide11:  Identify the location of Slums Individual slum settlements can be mapped and located on the city Development Planning (DP) map. Slide12:  Superimpose them on Satellite Image Pune with Slums Highlighted Slide13:  Use the GIS With the Satellite Map GIS allows the integration of socio-economic data with mapping information Slide14:  A standard map with all the drawing features on it. How the Settlement Map Appears Slide15:  By clicking on any house the socio-economic data of that house pops up. Individual Hutment Analysis Slide16:  What Software package did we use? GEOMEDIA Pro 4, an Intergraph Package, which was locally available from the Indian software company Rolta. As Architects we were aware of the need for spatial analysis and recognized the potential of GIS. Geomedia was easy to customize for a slum census and compatible with our other database software. Slide17:  How the System Is Used For Surveying: Baandhani members train slum dwellers across the city to carry out the door to door surveys. Maps are made by qualified surveyors and then checked on site by trained slum dwellers. The data is processed, integrated, and analyzed with maps on Geomedia by staff from Shelter Associates. Slide18:  This picture demonstrates the flooding in 1997 when 372 of the 948 houses were immersed. This flooding occurs every year during the four month monsoon season. Case study of floods in Kamgar Putala Slum Slide19:  The houses were completely under water for over 15 days. Flooding in the Kamgar Putala Slum Slide20:  Kamgar Putala Slum (in purple) gets flooded every year because it is located by the Mutha river Satellite map showing Kamgar Putala Slide21:  Result: The houses in blue. Querying data using GIS Query: Highlight houses on electoral roll of 1995 Govt. Policy: All families on 1995 electoral roll are eligible for resettlement Slide22:  The use of GIS helped identify that over 550 houses in orange would be displaced by the proposed submersible road. Proposed Roads in same slum Slide23:  The GIS was used to highlight houses (yellow) that would be displaced by the Sangam bridge widening. Proposed Roads in same slum Address: Flat A17, Sarasnagar Siddhivinayak Society, Opposite Nehru Stadium, Shukrawar Peth,  Pune, India, 411 004 Tel No: 91-20-4440363 E-mail :shelter-ip@eth.net Website: www.shelter-associates.org Slide24:  Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMKMC) Project This project was to identify all settlements within SMKMC limits. 99 slums were identified by the end of the survey. Slide25:  Superimposed Water Distribution network An area plan of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad corporation showing the existing water distribution within the corporation limits. Slide26:  Superimposed Sewage Distribution network An area plan of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Corporation showing the existing sewage distribution within the corporation limits. Slide27:  Gradation of Wards according to Water Availability This map demonstrates the availability of water by ward in the Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Corporation. The blue highlights good water supply and the grey highlights no water supply. Slide28:  Gradation of wards according to Sewage Networks The 78 slums in blue have no access to toilet facilities. Slide29:  The Brown Areas indicate areas which are fairly well serviced with sewer lines. The Blue areas are slums with no toilet facilities. This helps to prioritize toilet projects in the city. Slide30:  GIS helps the city prioritize toilet construction in the city by highlighting the areas with and without toilet blocks. Slide31:  Pilot Sanitation project in Sangli Slide32:  Each toilet block has a separate section for children under five years old. With Special Children’s Facilities Slide33:  Electricity Board got involved in GIS! A Shelter Associate’s GIS study of the electrical situation in slums was published by a prominent Pune newspaper. Slide34:  The Impact on the Community and the MSEB: The Community: They pay more to a middleman, not the electricity board. Too much paperwork. They borrow at risk. The Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB): A connection installation costs around 2,500 rupees. The lost revenue is valued at 70.4 million rupees per year. Slide35:  THE MSEB, SA, Baandhai Pilot Project: The Goals of the GIS Project: Streamline a system for bill collection, bill distribution, and meter reading for slum dwellers with their own connections. Encourage those using borrowed electricity to opt for their own meter and become part of the regulated system. To many users on borrowed meters is very dangerous. Eliminate the middleman by getting direct connections for the slum dwellers from the MSEB at the MSEB meter rates. Slide36:  Project with MSEB in Dhayari Slide37:  Electricity by Household in Dhayari Slide38:  Electricity Poles in Dhayari Slide39:  Houses Willing to get legitimate Electricity Slide40:  The Cyan circles are drawn at 100 ft around every water stand post. The magenta rectangles are the water stand posts. This demonstrates the coverage of water to household is fairly good. Querying with existing Amenities. Conservation of Scarce Resources Slide41:  Superimposing Physical and Socio-economic Data All houses in blue have their individual water connections. But the previous slide showed that most of the houses were within 100 ft of each tap. Then why? Do the taps leak? Are they defunct? Why continue the coverage? Slide42:  Prevention of Misallocation of Funds Red highlights indicate brand new toilets built by the city that will be demolished for the new road. Slide43:  In Conclusion, GIS is an Effective Tool For Urban Development because: It validates the rightful existence of the poor. Allows for effective planning; ranging from a single slum settlement to the entire city. Brings transparency into the system. Easy up-dation of functional data Impacts policy decisions and allows for good governance in an urban planning context. It allows inter-departmental linkages

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