Published on March 5, 2014
The Reluctant Preacher Rebellion, Repentance, & A Merciful God
The Reluctant Preacher The prophet Jonah, [dove], was the son of Amittai - (1:1; 2 Kings 14:25) $ Gath%Hepher ! He was from Gath Hepher (2 Kings 14:25), a town in the tribe of Zebulun (Josh. 19:10, 13).
The Reluctant Preacher
The Reluctant Preacher Jonah prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II of the Northern Kingdom (2 Kings 14:23-25 - [793BC – 753 BC]). (Amaziah was king of Judah). ( Israel’s boundaries (2 Kings 14:25) were extended under Jeroboam who had fought back the Assyrians to Hamath - victories led to great prosperity.
The Reluctant Preacher
The Reluctant Preacher Jonah 1:2 (NKJV) 2 "Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me." Nineveh was the capital of Assyria;$ Well known as a place of cruelty. (Approx 500 miles NE of Samaria & 220 miles NW of presentday Baghdad) s le! mi 0# 50
The Reluctant Preacher A huge city, 3 days to walk all its streets$ The palace covered 5 acres$ Shalmaneser IV - 783-772$ Ashur-dan III - 772-754
The Reluctant Preacher Jonah 1:3 (NKJV) 3 But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the fare, and went down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. Joppa - about 35 miles from Samaria and about the same distance from Jerusalem.$ Tarshish, probably Tartessus in southern Spain, about 2,500 miles west of Joppa.
The Reluctant Preacher Jonah 1:3 (NKJV) 3 But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the fare, and went down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. Authenticity:$ Historical record of an actual fact( The Jews accepted Jonah and was included( Jesus conﬁrmed the story and regarded it historical & accurate - Mat 12:40
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:1-3 God calls Jonah$ Commanded to go to Nineveh - Israel’s enemy.( Jonah makes preparation( Went to Joppa - Found a ship - Paid for his fare( Boarded the ship - But the ship is going the wrong way!
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:1-3 Why Did Jonah Disobey?$ The war with Assyria had just ended but there were hostilities still breaking out on the border - his life would be in jeopardy ( God said to rebuke Nineveh, but Jonah understood that God was forgiving - what if they repented? - 4:2
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:1-3 God calls us by the gospel$ Some refuse to hear & go their own way - Acts 24:25; 26:28( Some hear the initial call and follow until it conﬂicts with what they want and then go their own way - 2 Tim 4:10( Our duty is to obey God - Eccl 12:13; Acts 10:9-23
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:4-17 Can’t Run From God$ God sends a huge storm - 1:4( God directs the lots to pick Jonah as the cause - 1:5-7( Jonah confesses & instructs the Phoenician sailors to throw him overboard - eventually they cry out to God, obey & oﬀer sacriﬁce - 1:8-16
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:4-17 Can’t Run From God$ God prepared a ﬁsh to swallow Jonah - 1:17( Jonah was in the belly of the ﬁsh three days & three nights 1:17; Mat 12:40( Fish or whale? Both the Hebrew & Greek words simply mean sea creature. Miracle?
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 1:4-17 Can’t Run From God$ No place to hide from God (Ps 139:7-11; Heb 4:13; 10:30,31)( It is easier & better to obey God (1 John 5:1-3; Mt 11:28-30)( Eventually we must face God, He will hold us accountable for our actions - (John 5:28,29; Acts 17:30; 2 Cor 5:10)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 2:1-10 Jonah’s Prayer To God$ Jonah prays from inside the ﬁsh, on the brink of dying - (2:1)( A prayer of thanksgiving - (2:2)( A prayer of recognition of God’s righteousness & his sin - (2:3-4)( Jonah’s experience - (2:3-7).( Jonah repents - (2:7-9)( God spares Jonah - (2:10)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 2:1-10 Jonah’s Prayer To God$ Sometimes we need to be awakened - (Luke 15:14-21)( Repentance requires a change of attitude & action, not just being sorry for the punishment( Need to know God’ is willing to forgive (Ezek. 18:31,32; 2 Pet 3:9; 1 John 1:9)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 3:1-4 God again commands Jonah to go preach to Nineveh - (3:1,2)$ This time Jonah obeys - (3:3)( A huge city, 3 days to walk all its streets - (3:3) [The palace covered 5 acres]( Preached Nineveh’s destruction in forty days - (3:4)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 3:1-4 Past failures do not determine future success$ God is willing to forgive us, to save us - but God saves us to serve Him - not to continue in sin! - (Tit. 3:14; Rom 6:1,2)( God wants to use us to spread the gospel to a lost & dying world - (Acts 8:4; 1 Thes 1:8)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 3:4-10 Nineveh Repents$ They believed message of punishment for sins - (3:5)( King proclaims fast for people and animals - (3:6-9)( Cried out to God, turned from evil - Pleaded w/ God. - (3:8,9)( God changed His mind about destroying them - (3:10)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 3:4-10 Nineveh Repents$ God prefers salvation to punishment - Ez. 18:31,32( God can forgive anyone - and does forgive those who repent and obey Him - Jer 18:5-10( Sometimes the best prospects are the least godly people - (a rebuke of Israel) - Rom 10:21
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 4:1-3 Jonah’s anger$ Expressed to God in prayer (4:1,2)( Jonah knew of God’s grace and mercy – thus he did not want to go to Nineveh because he feared success–(1:2; 4:2)( Desires to die - Why is he so upset? - (4:3)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 4:1-3 Jonah’s attitude in NT people:$ The prodigal son’s older brother (Luke 15)( Jews towards Samaritans & Gentiles - (Jn 4:9; Acts 10,11)( The Pharisee’s toward Jesus eating with sinners (Matthew 9:10-11)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 4:4-11 God’s Lesson For Jonah:$ God questions Jonah - (4:4)( Jonah leaves city to pout still hoping God would destroy Nineveh - (4:5)( The plant, worm, and scorching wind - (4:6-8)( Jonah still doesn’t get it - (4:9)( God exposes Jonah - (4:10)
The Reluctant Preacher The Text - 4:4-11 God’s Lesson For Us:$ We should seek the salvation of even our enemies! - Mat 5:43-48( We should rejoice when any person repents! - Luke 15:7( Do we value things more than the souls of men? - Mat 16:26( Do we get it? How many lost souls are in this city? Children?
The Reluctant Preacher Conclusion We Are God’s People – (1 Pet 2:9,10)( We have God’s message – (1 Cor 1:18)( We Are To GO & Preach It – (Mat 28:18-20)( We Can Be Guilty of The Same Sins That Jonah Was Guilty of
The Reluctant Preacher Conclusion Do Not Run From God’s Commission!( Be Concerned About The Salvation of Others!( Realize That God Intends To Work Through You To Save Others!
Matthew 12:41 (NKJV) 41 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.
Charts by Don McClain Prepared February 12-15, 2014 Preached February 16, 2014 West 65th Street church of Christ P.O. Box 190062 Little Rock AR 72219 501-568-1062 Prepared using Keynote Email – firstname.lastname@example.org More Keynote, PPT & Audio Sermons: http:/ /w65stchurchofchrist.org/coc/sermons/ The Reluctant Preacher Note – Many of the transition effects used in this presentation will be lost using PPT 2007 Viewer http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx? FamilyID=cb9bf144-1076-4615-9951-294eeb832823&displaylang=en
2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, became king in Samaria, and reigned forty-one 24 And he did evil in the sight of years. the LORD; he did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.
2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 25 He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet 26 For the who was from Gath Hepher. LORD saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter; and whether bond or free, there was no helper for Israel.
2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 27 And the LORD did not say that He would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven; but He saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash. 28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did--his might, how he made war, and how he recaptured for Israel, from Damascus and Hamath, what had belonged to Judah--are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 29 So Jeroboam rested with his fathers, the kings of Israel. Then Zechariah his son reigned in his place.
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