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Published on November 6, 2007

Author: Javier

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  News from the Office of Climate Observation Progress on the Global Component Report to U.S. GOOS X 20 May 2004 Arlington VA Mike Johnson photo courtesy of MeteoFrance Slide2:  OCO -- Up and Running Slide3:  OCO Mission: Build a global climate observing system Charter: 1 -- Monitor the status of the globally distributed networks; report system statistics and metrics routinely and on demand 2 -- Evaluate the effectiveness of the system; recommend improvements 3 -- Advance the multi-year Program Plan; evolve the in situ networks 4 -- Focus intra-agency, interagency, and international coordination 5 -- Organize external review and user feedback 6 -- Produce annual reports on the state of the ocean and the adequacy of the observing system for climate Slide4:  Office of Climate Observation Director IT Specialist Admin Assistant Program Officer Science Officer Operations Officer Climate Observing System Council JCOMM Secretariat Implementation NOAA 18 Centers JCOMM JCOMMOPS DBCP GLOSS GE SOT Argo Slide5:  Initial System designed for Climate … Marine Services will Benefit Directly Now 45% complete. Tide Gauge Network 45 % complete 3˚x3˚ Argo Profiling Float Array 35% complete 5˚x5˚ Surface Drifting Buoy Array 35 % complete Moored Buoy Existing Planned Ocean Reference Station Existing Planned High Resolution XBT and Flux Line Existing Planned Frequently Repeated XBT Line Existing Planned Carbon Inventory & Deep Ocean Line Global Survey @ 10 years Sea Surface Temperature, Sea Surface Height, Surface Vector Wind, and Ocean Color from Space Slide6:  Where the Work Gets Done JIMO JIMAR CIMAS JISAO PMEL JCOMM ETL SAI NCDC FSU OCO CEFAS RGOOS AOML CICAR CICOR 18 Centers of Expertise 148 People NDBC CO-OPS Slide7:  1250 82 36 2300 27 531 43 79 26 923 24 497 37 79 26 370 37 77 24 370 34 1050 79 29 1500 24 497 39 1250 89 45 3000 24 60 31 730 7 86 1250 115 45 3000 29 105 31 830 7 86 1250 115 45 3000 29 105 31 830 7 86 1250 100 45 3000 29 105 31 830 7 86 1250 85 45 3000 16 20 29 640 7 86 77 23 340 34 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 Initial Ocean Observing System Milestones including international contributions Tide Gauges GPS/DORIS Stations Initial GCOS Subset Surface Drifting Buoys Tropical Moored Buoys Ships of Opportunity Argo Floats Reference Stations Coastal Moorings System Evaluation Ocean Carbon Network Dedicated Ship Time High resolution and frequently repeated lines occupied Number of floats Number of moorings Number of buoys Days at sea (NOAA contribution) Product evaluation and feedback loops implemented (NOAA contribution) Repeat Sections Committed, One inventory per 10 years Number of flux moorings Moorings with climate sensors 807 671 779 787 200 310 544 1 2 6 6 10 1 0 1 1 2 53 48 88 100 99 94 77 Total System 30 34 40 45 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 System % Complete 3 4 Multi-year Phased Implementation Plan (representative milestones) 10 Slide8:  Requirement: 0.2C - 0.5C Observing System Status: 2004, Q1. Sea Surface Temperature Requirement: 0.2 - 0. 5C accuracy; 500 km horizontal resolution; 25 samples per week (GOOS/GCOS, 1999) Performance Measure: Reduce the error in global measurement of sea surface temperature. Metric: Potential satellite bias error (degrees Celsius). 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 GPRA Goal Requirement: All boxes blue Drifting Buoys + Moored Buoys + Weighted Ship Observations Drifting Buoys Moored Buoys Ships Total Goal: 100% Global Coverage 100 80 60 40 20 0 Percent of 5x5 Boxes with 25 Observations per Week Ship observations not shown Slide9:  Performance Reporting - SOOP XBT: Required against what is in place 18425 XBTs required per year (if perfect deployment) 14017 Present drops per year, estimate 4408 Additional XBTs needed Slide10:  Drifters: 909 for SST, <300 for SLP Needed: 1250 for SST, 600 with SLP Tropical Moorings: ~85 Needed: 115, to enhance Atlantic & Indian Reference site moorings: 5 Needed: 29 for different oceanic regimes Real Time Surface Buoy Status - April 2004 Gold – SST only; Blue – SLP also; Black dot - mooring Slide11:  Need: 24 more ref. sites; 5,000 more XBTs/yr; 30 more tropical moorings; 1900 more Argo Subsurface Temperature Status April 2004 Slide12:  GCOS Reference stations, 37 with GPS 73 168 69 28 25 86 Slide13:  Ocean Observatories Network NSF and NOAA coordination planning Sites identified by Int’l Time Series Science Team National Science Foundation -- OOI, ORION New funded project office established Funding identified for construction beginning in 2006 NOAA Contributions existing future Slide15:  FY 04 Budget ($ K) FY03 FY04 Change Tide gauges 710 956 246 Surface drifting buoys 2077 2769 692 Ships of Opportunity 1903 2487 584 Tropical Moored Buoys 3175 3625 450 Argo array 275 273 -2 Ocean reference stations 1943 2461 518 Ocean carbon network 2204 2875 671 Dedicated ship time 626 541 -85 Data and assimilation sub-systems 1927 1455 528 Management and product delivery 943 1425 482 Pacific rain gauges 139 179 40 SURFRAD 210 105 -105 Contingency 0 212 212 Administrative support (overhead) 187 736 549 OCO Subtotal 15319 20099 4780 Argo 10700 10700 0 Arctic 2100 2100 0 Ships 9500 9500 0 Total 37619 42399 4780 Need $118,000 K Slide17:  FY 05 budget planning The President’s budget shows an increase of $10.7 million Appropriation? Offsets Administrative overheads ~ $ 8 million Incremental advancements across all networks Priorities -- CCRI emphasis on actions to bring immediate gain over the next 2-4 years Committed to 50% external funding Slide18:  Incremental advancements across all networks Tide Gauges Stations Drifting Buoys Ships of Opportunity Tropical Moored Buoys Argo Ocean Reference Stations Ocean Carbon Island Rain Gauge Stations Dedicated Ship Support Data and Assimilation Subsystems Management and Product Delivery GCOS Second Adequacy Report to the UNFCCC: “The ocean networks lack global coverage … without urgent action to address these findings, the Parties will lack the information necessary to effectively plan for and manage their response to climate change.” CCSP Strategic Plan: “Complete global coverage of the oceans with moored, drifting, and ship-based networks.” OCEAN.US Implementation of the Initial U.S. IOOS: “The highest priority for the global component of the IOOS is sustained, global coverage.” CCRI emphasis on actions to bring immediate gain over the next 2-4 years:  CCRI emphasis on actions to bring immediate gain over the next 2-4 years Resolve uncertainties in sea level change and sea surface temperature Continue upgrading “GCOS subset” of the GLOSS tide gauge network - 86 stations initially, increasing to 170 stations Complete the global drifting buoy array - 1250 buoys sustained Carbon inventory surveys (NOAA-NSF, 1/3 - 2/3) - fully fund 10-year repeat survey cycle (vs 14 years) Complete the global TAO network -- Indian Ocean: FY 05 -- 3 moorings in the water FY 06 -- 5 moorings in the water FY 07 -- 7 moorings in the water Advance data assimilation and data management Initiate an Ocean Analysis program (routine products) Slide20:  Products Continuous instrumental records and routine ocean analyses accurately documenting: Sea level to identify changes resulting from climate variability. Ocean carbon content every ten years and the air-sea exchange seasonally. Sea surface temperature and surface currents to identify significant patterns of climate variability. Sea surface pressure and air-sea exchanges of heat, momentum, and fresh water to identify changes in forcing functions driving ocean conditions and atmospheric conditions. Ocean heat and fresh water content and transports to identify where anomalies enter the ocean, how they move and are transformed, and where they re-emerge to interact with the atmosphere. Identify the essential aspects of thermohaline circulation and the subsurface expressions of the patterns of climate variability. Sea ice thickness and concentrations. Slide21:  FY 06 Budget Planning NSF Ocean Observatories Initiative NOAA Climate Program -- Bleak Influence of the Ocean Commission -- ? TAO transition to NWS Management 01 October 2004 Appropriation 01 October 2005 Slide22:  Thank you

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