John Wilkes Booth

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Information about John Wilkes Booth
Education
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Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Berta

Source: authorstream.com

~John Wilkes Booth~:  ~John Wilkes Booth~ “The man who killed Abe Lincoln” http://www.nps.gov/foth/booth.htm John Wilkes Booth Abe Lincoln ~Facts about John Wilkes Booth~:  ~Facts about John Wilkes Booth~ He was an actor. He joined the Virgina militia at age 17. He was one of the most famous actors of that time. Killed Abe Lincoln April 14th, 1865 at 10:15 p.m. at fords theatre. He was killed April 26th, 1865, at Garret’s farm. He was born May 10, 1838 . John Wilkes Booth at garrets farm http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/lincolnconspiracy Slide3:  http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html "I knowed they'd kill him. I ben awaiting fur it” President Lincolns Step-Mother Slide4:  Booth met with his fiancee, Lucy Hale . He then went to Booker and Stewart's barbershop on E Street near Grover's Theatre where barber Charles Wood trimmed his hair. Afterwards, he may have stopped at the Surratt boardinghouse and met with Mary Surratt. Booth then returned to his hotel in Washington. Many guests recognized Booth as he walked in because he was one of America's most famous actors. No one noticed any suspicious behavior at all. Booth's friend, Michael O'Laughlen, dropped by for a brief visit. Booth left the National Hotel and went to Ford's Theatre to pick up his mail. He was dressed in dark clothes and wore a tall silk hat. He wore kid gloves of a bland color, had a light overcoat slung over his arm, and carried a cane. At Ford's he learned from Henry Clay Ford, 21, that President Abraham Lincoln would be attending the evening performance of Our American Cousin. Booth then spent some time walking around the theatre. He knew nearly every line of the play. He figured out that the greatest laughter in the theatre would be taking place about 10:15 P.M. He also realized the actor, Harry Hawk, would be alone on stage at that moment. He made up his mind. This would be the time to assassinate the President. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide5:  Booth showed up at a stable at 224 C Street operated by James W. Pumphrey, 32, and rented a fast roan mare. He said he would pick the horse up at 4:00 P.M. that afternoon. He then returned to his room at the National Hotel. Booth walked to the Herndon House where fellow conspirator Lewis Paine was staying. Booth told Paine of the night's plans. Booth's plan for Paine was to assassinate Secretary of State William Seward. He told Paine it was time to check out of the Herndon House. At about 2:30 he dropped by the Surratt boardinghouse. He gave Mary Surratt a package containing field glasses and apparently asked her to take them to her leased tavern in Surrattsville (Booth picked these up from John Lloyd at the tavern at around midnight). Booth went to the Kirkwood House to discuss plans with fellow conspirator George Atzerodt. Booth wanted Atzerodt to assassinate Vice-President Andrew Johnson who lived at the Kirkwood House. Atzerodt was out. Booth left a note for the Vice-President with Robert Jones, the desk clerk. Johnson was not in; rather he was at the White House. Booth picked up the mare he'd rented at Pumphrey's Stable. He stopped at Grover's Theatre and went upstairs to Deery's tavern for a drink. He then went downstairs and wrote a letter. It was written to the editor of a Washington D.C. newspaper called the National Intelligencer. He explained that his plans had changed from kidnapping Lincoln to assassinating him. He signed the letter not only with his own name but also three of his coconspirators: Paine, Atzerodt, and Herold. Then he got up and went back outside to his horse. Slide6:  Booth walked his horse down Fourteenth Street. Near Willard's Hotel he met a fellow actor named John Mathews. Mathews was playing the role of Richard Coyle in Our American Cousin. He gave Mathews the letter and asked him to deliver it to the National Intelligencer the next day. Booth got on his horse and rode off. He passed by Ulysses S. Grant's carriage. On a side street he met up with George Atzerodt. He told a reluctant Atzerodt to kill Andrew Johnson as close to 10:15 as possible. Booth rode to Ford's Theatre. He invited several Ford's employees, including Ned Spangler, out for a drink at Taltavul's Star Saloon. Afterwards, he returned to the theatre and traveled the route he would use in the assassination. He practiced everything except the leap to the stage. Using a gimlet, he even drilled a small hole in the door in back of where Lincoln would be sitting which would give him a decent view of where Lincoln's head and shoulders would be Then he went out the back of the theatre and returned to the National Hotel to rest and have dinner. Booth put on calf-length boots, new spurs, and black clothes. He wore a black hat and picked up his diary. Booth carried a compass a small derringer and a long bowie knife that could be stuck inside his pants on the left side. Booth loaded the derringer with a lead ball that was .44-caliber. It was a single shot pistol. At 7:45 he leftthe National Hotel. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide7:  Booth held one final meeting with his coconspirators). Paine would assassinate Secretary Seward. Herold would guide Paine to Seward's home and help him escape from Washington. Atzerodt would shoot Vice-President Johnson. Booth would kill Lincoln. All attacks would take place simultaneously at 10:15 P.M. The entire gang would then meet at the Navy Yard Bridge. From there they would ride to Surrattsville and pick up guns and binoculars at John Lloyd's leased tavern. Booth arrived at Ford's Theatre in the vicinity of 9:30. He called Ned Spangler to hold his horse in the alley in back of Ford's. Spangler was busy changing sets for the play and asked another employee (a lad named Joseph C. Burroughs) to take care of the mare. Booth went to the tavern next to the theatre and requested a bottle of whiskey and some water. Another customer said to Booth, "You'll never be the actor your father was." Booth replied, "When I leave the stage, I will be the most famous man in America." INTERIOR OF FORD'S THEATRE LOOKING TOWARDS THE STATE BOX http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide8:  Booth entered Ford's lobby at about 10:07 P.M. He went up the stairs to the dress circle. Soon Booth could see the white door he needed to enter to get to Lincoln's State Box. Charles Forbes, the President's footman, was seated next to the door and Booth apparently handed him a card. Quietly, Booth then opened the door and entered the dark area in back of the box. He propped the door shut with the wooden leg of a music stand which he had placed there on one of his earlier visits during the day He then opened the inside door behind where the President was sitting. He put his derringer behind Lincoln's head near the left ear and pulled the trigger. Because of the laughter in the theatre, not all patrons heard the shot. Booth may have said "Sic semper tyrannis!" "Thus always to tyrants many in the audience thought he said these words after he landed on the stage; not all eyewitnesses agreed on Booth's words or even if there were any. Major Henry Rathbone, also sitting in the State Box, thought Booth shouted a word that sounded like Freedom! Rathbone began wrestling with the assassin, and Booth pulled out his knife and stabbed Rathbone in the left arm. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide9:  David Herold, who used the same bridge to escape from Washington, caught up with Booth probably near Soper's Hill. The two then rode together headed for Lloyd's tavern that was leased from Mary Surratt in Surrattsville (name changed first to Robeystown on May 3, 1865, and finally to Clinton on October 10, 1878). More than 11 miles south of Ford's Theatre, Booth and Herold arrived at Mary Surratt's tavern.(The above photo of the tavern is a National Park Service photograph). Booth had a drink of whiskey, and the fugitives picked up field glasses and a Spencer rifle. At the time Booth didn't know Paine failed to kill Seward, and Atzerodt had made no attempt to kill Johnson. Because his leg was hurting terribly, Booth needed medical attention. The whiskey provided only temporary relief. Booth and Herold rode off into the dark countryside. They eventually ended up at Dr. Samuel Mudd's house at approximately 4:00 A.M. Booth held one final meeting with his coconspirators). Paine would assassinate Secretary Seward. Herold would guide Paine to Seward's home and help him escape from Washington. Atzerodt would shoot Vice-President Johnson. Booth would kill Lincoln. All attacks would take place simultaneously at 10:15 P.M. The entire gang would then meet at the Navy Yard Bridge. From there they would ride to Surrattsville and pick up guns and binoculars at John Lloyd's leased tavern. Booth arrived at Ford's Theatre in the vicinity of 9:30. He called Ned Spangler to hold his horse in the alley in back of Ford's. Spangler was busy changing sets for the play and asked another employee (a lad named Joseph C. Burroughs) to take care of the mare. Booth went to the tavern next to the theatre and requested a bottle of whiskey and some water. Another customer said to Booth, "You'll never be the actor your father was." Booth replied, "When I leave the stage, I will be the most famous man in America." http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide10:  ~visited home of doctor mudd. ~visited home of Samuel Cox. ~sought other help. ~ stayed in the woods until the morning of april 22nd. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide11:  ~Visited home of Col. Hughes ~ got lost on river he went up-river instead of across to Virginia. ~ visited Lucas’s farm, stayed in cabin. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln36.html Slide12:  ~ Stayed at Garret’s farm. ~ John Wilkes Booth killed by angry mobs Of people. http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/lincolnconspiracy Slide13:  http://civilwarstudies.org/OnlinePrograms/Thumbnails/Boothtour/image_19.htm John Wilkes Booth escape route from Ford’s theatre to Garrett’s Farm Slide14:  ` Booth and his Associates. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln72.html The Gun that killed Abe Lincoln:  The Gun that killed Abe Lincoln The gun he used was a .44 caliber single shot derringer, made in Philidelphia. He shot Abe Lincoln once in the back of the head. He also carried a 9 in knife in his pants. http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln10.html Slide16:  President Lincoln died in his bed the next morning. He was missed by many union soldiers. President Lincolns hurst. Slide17:  http://www.aboutfamouspeople.com/images/booth10.jpg

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